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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

567 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Sample Problem #4
- Sample Problem #2
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mole percent toluene is to be fractionated at normal

atmospheric pressure in a column with a total condenser

and a still from which the bottoms are withdrawn.

the bottoms 4 mole percent benzene. The feed is at its

dew point.

What is the minimum number of equilibrium stages in the

column required at total reflux?

wquilibrium Data at Column Pressure,

mole fraction benzene

x y x y

mtep 1. Diagram total

condenser

Distillate

Feed Distilling

xD = 0.95

column Nmin = ?

(at dew point)

1 atm

xF = 0.3

Bottoms

xB = 0.04

Partial

reboiler

mtep 2: Total reflux on McCabe-Thiele diagram

At total reflux,

y-intercept of the upper operating line = 0;

Benzene ± Toluene system

1

0.8

0.6

0.2

xF = 0.3 xD = 0.95

xB = 0.04 0.2 0.6 0.8 1

0.4

mtep 3: Minimum reflux on McCabe -Thiele diagram

0.8

pinch

0.6

point

0.4

y-intercept for

Rm = 0.173

0.2

0

xF = 0.3 xD = 0.95

xB = 0.04 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

To solve for the y-intercept of upper operating line,

X

Y-intercept ---------------

§ +

.

----------------

+

.

S E S:

in .

.

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