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# m 

## A mixture containing 30 mole percent benzene and 70

mole percent toluene is to be fractionated at normal
atmospheric pressure in a column with a total condenser
and a still from which the bottoms are withdrawn.

## The distillate is to contain 95 mole percent benzene and

the bottoms 4 mole percent benzene. The feed is at its
dew point.
What is the minimum number of equilibrium stages in the
column required at total reflux?

## What is the minimum reflux ratio Rm?

wquilibrium Data at Column Pressure,
mole fraction benzene
x y x y

## 0.50 0.72 0.95 0.98

mtep 1. Diagram total
condenser

Distillate
Feed Distilling
xD = 0.95
column Nmin = ?
(at dew point)
1 atm
xF = 0.3
Bottoms
xB = 0.04
Partial
reboiler
mtep 2: Total reflux on McCabe-Thiele diagram

At total reflux,
y-intercept of the upper operating line = 0;

## Then, the overall operating line coincides with the diagonal

Benzene ± Toluene system
1

0.8

0.6

## 0.4 Nmin = 6.7

0.2

xF = 0.3 xD = 0.95
xB = 0.04 0.2 0.6 0.8 1
0.4
mtep 3: Minimum reflux on McCabe -Thiele diagram

0.8

pinch
0.6
point

0.4
y-intercept for
Rm = 0.173
0.2

0
xF = 0.3 xD = 0.95
xB = 0.04 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1
To solve for the y-intercept of upper operating line,

X
Y-intercept ---------------
§ +

.
----------------
+
.

S E S:
in .
.