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Chambers of the Eye

Chambers of the Eye


Boundaries are the layers of the eye
and the lens
1. Anterior chamber
2. Posterior chamber
3. Vitreous chamber

Chambers of the Eye


Anterior chamber
Space
between
the cornea and
the iris

Posterior
chamber
Space
between
the
posterior
surface of the iris
and the anterior
surface of the
lens

Chambers of the Eye


Vitreous
chamber
Space
between
the
posterior
surface of the
lens
and
the
neural retina
Contains vitreous
body,
a
large
gelatinous mass
of
transparent
connective tissue

Cornea
Lens
Aqueous humor
Vitreous body

Components of refractile media of


the eye

Refractile Media (Dioptric


Media)
Alter the path of light rays by
refraction for them to be focused on
the photoreceptor cells of the retina
Components:
cornea, aqueous humor, lens, vitreous
body

Refractile Media
Components
Cornea
Anterior window of the eye
Chief refractive element of the eye
It has a refractive index of 1.376.

LAYERS (3 cellular, 2 noncellular):


Corneal epithelium non-keratinized,
stratified squamous
Bowmans membrane
Corneal stroma
Descemets membrane
Corneal endothelium simple, squamous

Corneal Layers

Refractile Media: Cornea

Refractile Media: Cornea

Corneal endothelium Bowmans membrane


Stroma

Corneal endothelium Bowmans membrane


Stroma

Corneal endothelium Bowmans membrane


Stroma

Lens

Refractile Media
Components

Transparent, crystalline, biconcave


structure suspended from the inner
surface of the by zonule of Zinn
Second in importance to cornea in
refraction of light rays
elastic; its shape can undergo slight
changes
Tension of ciliary muscle ACCOMODATION

Refractile Media
Components
Lens
3 Principal Components:
1. Lens capsule composed of
proteoglycans and type IV collagen;
provides the place of attachment for the
fibers of ciliary zonule
2. Lens epithelium single layer of cuboidal
cells
3. Lens fibers highly elongated, terminally
differentiated cells that appear as thin,
flattened structures

Refractile Media
Components
Aqueous Humor
Has an inorganic composition similar to
that of plasma but almost no protein
Secreted by ciliary processes into
posterior chamber flows through the
pupil into anterior chamber drains at
the angle formed by cornea and iris into
the channels of trabecular meshwork
and scleral venous sinus (canal of
Schlemm) drains to venules of sclera

Refractile Media
Components
Vitreous Body
Large gelatinous mass of transparent
connective tissue
99% water (vitreous humor), with
collagen fibrils and hyaluronate,
contained within an external lamina
called vitreous membrane
Hyalocytes - synthesize hyaluronate
and collagen

Refractile Media
Components
The aqueous and vitreous body have
only minor roles in refration
However,
Aqueous humor plays important role in
providing nutrients to 2 avascular
structures, the lens and cornea
The vitreous body help maintain the
position of the lens and helps keep the
neural retina in contact with the RPE