Consultants are people who are specialized in a certain field of construction and either the client or the architect

heirs them for the project Consultants can be very helpful in completing projects. Their expertise can be invaluable, providing a rewarding experience for architect when planning a project They are various consultants Some of them are mentioned below 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Engineering consultants Building services consultants Historic preservation consultant Project management subcontractors

ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS They manage, design and supervise a broad range of projects such as
industrial projects (energy production, transport and distribution, manufacturing and processing industries), infrastructure (transport systems, hydraulic systems and ports), building construction (office buildings, hospitals, universities and schools, etc), agricultural developments and projects for the conservation of nature. Engineering consultants maintain quality and a sustainable environment in the projects they manage and design, and take into consideration not only technical, economic and environmental elements, but also architectural elements in partnership with the architects. In most projects, engineering consultants and architects co-operate as professional partners. However, the legal protection offered to both partners differs in some countries, resulting in a situation were the partners do not benefit from equal status, which can impair the good practice of their professions.

The various engineering consultants are: ‡STRUCTURAL ENGINEER ‡SITE ENGINEER ‡CIVIL ENGINEER

Structural engineer
Structural engineering involves the analysis and design of physical objects such as buildings, bridges, equipment supports, towers and walls. Those concentrating on buildings are responsible for the structural performance of a large part of the built environment and are, sometimes, informally referred to as "building engineers". Structural engineers require expertise in strength of materials and in the seismic design of structures covered by earthquake engineering. Architectural Engineers sometimes practice structural as one aspect of their designs; the structural discipline when practiced as a specialty works closely with architects and other engineering specialists.

Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing (MEP)
Main articles: Mechanical engineering, Electrical engineering, and Building services engineering Mechanical and electrical engineers are specialists, commonly referred to as "MEP" (mechanical, electrical and plumbing) when engaged in the building design fields. Also known as "Building services engineering" Mechanical engineers design and oversee the heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), plumbing, and rain gutter systems. Plumbing designers often include design specifications for simple active fire protection systems, but for more complicated projects, fire protection engineers are often separately retained. Electrical engineers are responsible for the building's power distribution, telecommunication, fire alarm, signalization, lightning protection and control systems, as well as lighting systems.

FAÇADE ENGINEERS
Building facades make a major contribution to the overall aesthetic and technical performance of a building. Facade engineers work in consultancy for architects, building owners, cladding manufacturers and construction managers. Projects can include new buildings and recladding of existing buildings. Facade engineers work in conjunction with other members of the design team including fire, acoustic and lighting engineers. Their goal is to balance the overall objectives of appearance, quality, performance, cost, durability and schedule. Facade engineering requires a blend of skills ranging from structural engineering through to building physics, architecture, manufacturing, materials science, dynamics, programming, procurement, project management and construction techniques.

BUILDING SERVICES ENGINEERING
Is the engineering of the internal environment and environmental impact of a building. It essentially brings buildings and structures to life. Building services engineers are responsible for the design, installation, operation and monitoring of the mechanical, electrical and public health systems required for the safe, comfortable and environmentally friendly operation of modern buildings. The term "building services engineering" is widely used in the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia, however in the United States of America, it is also known as architectural engineering or building engineering.

FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING
known as fire engineering or fire safety engineering) is the application of science and engineering principles to protect people and their environments from the destructive effects of fire and smoke. The discipline of fire protection engineering includes, but is not exclusive to: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Active fire protection - fire suppression systems, and fire alarm. Passive fire protection - fire and smoke barriers, space separation Smoke control and management Building design, layout, and space planning Fire prevention programs Fire dynamics and fire modeling Human behavior during fire events Risk analysis, including economic factors
(also

In practice, fire protection engineers typically identify risks and design safeguards that aid in preventing, controlling, and mitigating the effects of fires. Fire protection engineers assist architects, building owners and developers in evaluating buildings' life safety and property protection goals. FPEs are also employed as fire investigators, including such very large-scale cases as the analysis of the collapse of the World Trade Centers. NASA uses fire protection engineers in its space program to help improve safety. In some countries, fire engineers are employed to provide 3rd party review for fire engineering solutions submitted in support of local building regulation applications.

CIVIL ENGINEERS ± PROJECT MANAGERS
Prepare the project¶s work plans. Direct and manage professional, technical and support staff involved in the project. Plan and schedule pricing and apply cost control measures. Prepare project documentation and reporting. Participate in management of the Master Planning.

CIVIL ENGINEERS - INFRASTRUCTURE
Prepare tender documents, tender evaluation, negotiation, management of the infrastructure design and negotiating the scope with the Client. Participate in management of the Master Planning and Building design packages. Coordination with the Client and the Project Management Team regarding design brief and contract, Master Planning, etc « Prepare design concepts for access road and bridges and manage design development. Coordinate with concerned on utility demands and utility design. Advise the Master Planner on road/utility corridor sizing and layout, and in utility plot requirements and locations. Coordinate cost and time comparison reports for various schemes. Advise the Project Manager on strategic decisions affecting the project.

SITE ENGINEERS
Supervise and control the team and work carried out on site. Coordinate with various subcontractors within his/her project. Ensure application of work priorities in line with the project time frame, plan and guidelines set by management. Ensure the application of policies and procedures concerning safety, security, and safeguarding of company equipment, properties, and facilities.

TRANSPORT PLANNERS (MODELING AND HIGHWAY ENGINEERS) Set-up, update and maintain a transportation planning model to assist in monitoring the balance between land use and transportation. Review and assess the traffic impact of major development plans. Ensure proper traffic detour plans during the infrastructure construction phase. Define medium and long term parking policies and curb parking zones. Supervise the implementation and operation of the traffic signals. Assist in the road and directional signage. Prepare the bid documents. Design the concept, set preliminary and final construction phases until completion. Supervise the engineering design phases, conduct financial feasibility analysis negotiate with the clients for the selection of the operator.

QUALITY CONTROL ENGINEERS
Study, control and approve the selection and execution details and workmanship of all materials to be applied on the building elevation and roofs. Inspect, control and intervene in construction and site management in coordination between the different parties to ensure proper development quality. Monitor and report damages due to accidents or negligence to existing construction for immediate repair.

OTHER ARCHITECT CONSULTANTS
architecture ‡ LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT ‡ URBAN PLANNERS ‡ RESTORATION ARCHITECTS

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These are architects who have specialization in one of the various fields of

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS
Provide landscape design services projects in compliance with the design objectives. To contribute in the preparation of landscape master plans, landscape framework plans and landscape designs, primarily layouts and their related cost estimates, from concept to full tender packages and preparing bid proposals for landscape competitions. Assist in monitoring the contractor¶s quality of work and ensuring its compliance with the drawings, specifications, safety and security regulations. Assist in the preparation of graphic concept landscape input to proposals and feasibility studies on projects in the form of sketch and computer generated view, plans, and sections and briefing and digital material preparation for computer graphics specialists.

URBAN PLANNERS
Provide Urban Planning Services as required on external projects, in-house consultancies and/or internal projects. Prepare conceptual Master Plans, land use mix and phasing schedules, population, household and employment projections, public facilities requirements, etc« Undertake urban planning studies and research necessary for urban districts ands individual development sites for land parcellation, project definition and land-use mix, urban design guidelines, testing for architectural massing and built up areas, open space guidelines, architectural guidelines, testing of architectural massing and built up areas, open space guidelines, architectural character definition, public space and streetscape studies, etc« Prepare development briefs required for individual development sides and land sales.

RESTORATION ARCHITECTS / ENGINEERS
Direct and monitor the restoration and development projects of the company¶s and private owners¶ projects in order to achieve optimum value vis-à-vis time, cost and quality to ensure their compliance with the project timeframe and objectives. Define the project Scope of Work and deliverables Prepare cost estimates and take measure to remain within the limits of the budget. Establish quality control procedures and ensure adherence by all parties. Followup on the progress and compliance with budget, program and quality. Recommend to owner any major changes that would improve the overall project. Advise client of any cost implication for any modification. Ensure all works are inspected, tested and commissioned at the appropriate stages by the consultants

WHAT SERVICES DO HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROFESSIONALS PROVIDE?
Historic preservation professionals can assist your preservation project in different ways. Archeologists find and evaluate the remains of past cultures buried in the ground. Their work Often includes a visual survey of the land to locate sites and careful excavation to find information For analysis. Architectural historians and other historians study our built environment. They consider the Historical and architectural importance of buildings constructed more than 50 years ago, and Provide historical research, consultation and documentation. Groups of buildings in districts, Structures such as bridges and objects such as ships may also be considered important for their Design or history. Preservation architects prepare plans for appropriate work on historic buildings, and direct the Work to preserve important features and avoid damage. This work can include restoring a building To its original appearance or rehabilitating it to serve a new use while keeping its historic look. Preservation architects also help plan the efficient use of building space, and can make drawings Of a historic building to use in rehabilitation or as a record of a building that will be torn down. Although this brochure describes three types of preservation professional generally employed on Preservation projects, there are other types of professionals who are sometimes involved. You Should consider if a preservation planner, landscape architect, engineer or other preservation Professional is appropriate for your project.

THE ENGINEERING CONSULTANT AND THE ARCHITECT, PARTNERS IN THE CONSTRUCTION SECTOR
Engineering consultants manage, design and supervise a broad range of projects such as industrial projects (energy production, transport and distribution, manufacturing and processing industries), infrastructure (transport systems, hydraulic systems and ports), building construction (office buildings, hospitals, universities and schools, etc), agricultural developments and projects for the conservation of nature. Engineering consultants maintain quality and a sustainable environment in the projects they manage and design, and take into consideration not only technical, economic and environmental elements, but also architectural elements in partnership with the architects. In most projects, engineering consultants and architects co-operate as professional partners. Services rendered by the engineering consultant The engineering consultant primarily provides technology-based intellectual services for the built environment and the natural environment in the interests of clients and society. His objective is to ensure global and durable quality of the works that he designs and conceives. With projects increasing in size and complexity, engineering consultants have project management skills that are now offered as state-of-the-art services assisted by 3D design and project administration software made available via Internet for all team members. Both professions ply similar trades and maintain common objectives The engineering consultant and the architect provide different facets of the same trade. They maintain common principles and interests such as compliance to a code of ethic s, a commitment to a qualitybased selection of the service provider and the provision of quality assurance systems on the part of the service provider.

The skills of both professions are complementary in the construction process The engineering consultant and the architect are partners from the initial concept of the works through to the implementation. As a result of their combined and complementary skills, they are able to provide designs of the highest quality having due regard to all the elements involved in the processes such as the architectural, cultural, technical, economic and environmental considerations which are typical of modern construction requirements. Architectural creation can no longer be dissociated from the technical and socio-economic and environmental objectives, which form an integral part of any construction project. Integrated multidisciplinary teams are essential In recent years, the construction sector has experienced major changes as a result of a number of factors such as the use of new building materials, the constantly evolving technology of building services, complex environmental considerations, as well as the safety and security requirements for users, workers and that of building sites. In addition, both the scale and the complexity of the projects have continued to grow. A multidisciplinary approach based on the formation of multidisciplinary teams with shared responsibilities is therefore essential from the outset. The market requires different forms of practices of both professions Engineering consultants and architects practice their trades either in a corporate capacity or as a liberal profession. In most countries, the dominant volume is performed by corporate services and in general recent trends show that the corporate option is progressively being favoured. Multidisciplinary practices integrating both professions have developed in response to the needs of the client, society and the environment. These practices are better able to offer a global breadth of services which some customers demand. Multidisciplinary practices should therefore be able to develop without regulatory constraints, as is already the case in some member countries.

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