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SHRUTI GUPTA(61
SONAL SHARMA(6

CONTENTS
S.no

TOPIC

Page
No.

1.

Meaning of Art Deco & Period

1

2.

Place of Origin

2

3.

Character tics

3-6

4.

Influence

7

5.

8-21

6.

Famous Buildings of Art Deco
a) EMPIRE STATE BUILDING
b) CHRYSLER BUILDING
c)ROCKEFELLER CENTRE
d) FRIEDRICHSTRASSE SKYSCRAPER
e) VILLA CAVROIS
f) CINCINNATI MUESUEM CENTRE
Art Deco in Theatres

7.

Art Deco in Automobiles & Furniture

25-27

8.

Decline & resurgence

28

9.

Bibliography

29

22-24

MEANINGMovement that engulfed its own unique
artistry as it raced through interwar culture at
exhilarating speed.
It was coined in 1966.
Term derives from 1st syllables of French for
decorative arts(“ARTS DECORATIFS”).
Unique for its short life span as an exotic
influence on Art Deco is Egyptian styling
which emerged with discovery of
Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1922 but all
disappeared by late 1920’s.

PERIOD

Began in 1920’s,flourished internationally
throughout the 1930’s,into World War II
era.

ART DECO

1.

2 .PLACEBega n in PARIS ART DECO.

functionality and modernity. .CHARACTERTICSRepresents elegance. glamour. It was purely decorative ornamental. Art Deco used machine age & streamline technology such as electric lighting and skyscraper. Structure of Art Deco style is based on mathematical geometric shapes. Art Deco’s linear symmetry was a distinct departure from the following asymmetrical organic curves of its predecessor style Art Nouveau. ART DECO 3 .

jumbled shapes eg :FISHER BUILDING. ART DECO 4 . United States.GURDIAN BUILDING in Detroit. zig-zagged.Themes of Art Deco were trapezoidal.

Stainless Steel.sunburst motif . Exotic material such as Sharkskin and Zebra skin were also evident. ziggural shapes . Lacquer. chevron pattern. 5 . Bakelite.Art Deco is characterized by use of materials such as Aluminium.and inlaid Wood. Use of stepped forms and geometric curves. Chrome .

eg: AUDITORIUM OF RADIO CITY MUSIC HALL 6 .Some of these motifs were ubiquitous for eg :sun burst motif were used in such varied context as women shoes radiator grilles and clock faces.

FUTURISM It drew inspiration from ancient Egyptian &Aztec farms.CONSTRUCTIVISM. ART DECO. Art Deco is said to have represented the cultural policies of its time with eolecticism have been one of its defining features.MODERSINE.INFLUENCEIt embraced influence from many different styles of early 20th century. 7 . including NEOCLASSICAL.CUB ISM.

FAMOUS BUILDINGS OF THIS PERIOD- ART DECO 8 .

Completion time-1year 45days. Construction on building started on 17th march.500sq. Full height-443. Excavation of site began on 21st jan.starret brothers Design/construction: It was designed from the top down.1930.Empire state building Type-office building Architect-william f. .patrick’s day) Project involved 3.948.contractors.capped by 102nd floor observatory.09m Has 85 stories of commercial and office space representing 200.lamba.900 Architecture: Height at 102nd floor-381m including 62m high pinnacle.m. Total cost-$40. Indoor and outdoor observation deck on 86th floor. (st. Remaining 16stories represent art deco tower.400 workers.

000 businesses.despite its height.094sqm Building houses 1. Building approximately weighs 340. Its original 64 elevators are located in central core. 1st building to have more than 100 floors.211sqm Base of building is 8. Building has 113km of pipe. Steps from street level to 102nd floor-1860. Total floor are of 257.760. The modernistic stainless steel canopies of the entrances on 33 rd and 34th streets lead to two storey high corridors around the elevator care. ART DECO. Building is heated by low pressure steam.000m of electrical wire:29000faucets. Has 6.crossed by stainless steel and glass enclosed bridges at the second floor level. 10 .000tons.A top tower is 62m pinnacle which is covered by broadcast antennas. It is 2nd largest single office complex in america after the pentagon.500 windows and 73 elevators.with lighting rod at very top. Exterior of building was built using indiana limestone panels. Lobby is three stories high and features an aluminium relief of the skyscraper.

depicting the building as eighth wonder of the world.alongside traditional seven. .North corridor contains eight illuminated panels.

new york.us .Chrysler building Manhattan.

0m Architect-william van alen ART DECO 12 .0m Top floor-274.9m Roof-282.Type:office building(car manfacturer) Construction started:1928 Construction completed:1930 Height Total height till antenna-319.

000 bricks were manually laid .creating an impression that tower floating in mid-air. Added height of spire allowed chrsler building to be the tallest building in the world after Eiffel tower. Bottom section of spire was hoisted onto top of building’s dome and lowered into 66th floor of the building. Earlier building was designed to be 246m but it proved to be too advanced and costly. Approx.Was the world’s tallest building for 11months before it was surpassed by empire state buiding.000 rivets were used. ART DECO 13 . It was delivered to site in four different sections. 3. In total 400. Its original design resembled a jewel like glass crow It featured a base in which the showroom windows were tripled in height and topped by 12 stories with glass-wrapped corners. 38m long pire was secretly constructed inside the frame of the building. It was built at an average rate of 4 floors per wt. 1st man made structure to stand taller than 305m. Building had non-load bearing walls.826. World’s tallest steel-supported brick building.

It was declared a national historic landmark in 1976.Distinctive ornamentation of building is based on features that were then being used on chrsler automobiles.replicas of 1929 chrysler hood ornaments.862 windows on its façade and 4 banks of 8 elevators designed by otis. On 31st floor.with steel frame and metal cladding. ART DECO 14 . Building contains 3. Corners of 61st floor are graced with eagles .corner ornamentation are replicas of 1929 chrsler radiator caps. Building is constructed of masonry.

Above 71st floor.functioning mainly as landings for stairway to spire. Earlier these stories were used for commercial broadcast stations.useful for only holding radio-broadcasting and other electrical eqipments. 71st floor is the height occupied floor of this building occupied by office space management form.stories of building are designed mostly for exterior appearance. V-shaped lighting is inserted in steel of building.composed of seven radiating terraced arches. Later floodlights were added on most arms directed back at buiding. Entire crown is clad with silvery “enduro KA-2”metal.Crown ornamentation and usage It has terraced crown.which allows top of building to be lit in many different colours for special occassions. Top stories are very narrow with low sloped ceiling. . Stainless-steel cladding is ribbed and riveted in a radiating sunburst pattern with many triangular vaulted windows.

Was declared a National Historic landmark in 1981. It was the largest private building project ever undertaken in modern times.Rockefeller Centre/ Plaza.S Architect: Raymond Hood Construction started:1930 Construction completed: 1933 It is a complex of 19 commercial buildings . Built by Rockefeller family. New York. ART DECO 16 . This center is a combination of 2 building complexes older and original 14 Art Deco office building from 1930’s.covering 22 acres between 48th and 51stst street. U.

BERLIN. ART DECO 17 . •This took the structure with a glass skin .thus renouncing the maniposteria song built in . as was customary in America skyscrapers .GERMANY Architect –Mies Construction started -1921 •Was on triangular site.FRIEDRICHSTRASSE SKYSCRAPER . •It had wire panels shaped cantilever .

•The angularity of floor of a building was at least partly a result of the original form of the site . •This opacity transparency gave desired balance. •At bottom of the original design . 18 . •It seems as if the building is divided into slot game because of its many reflection in bright vertical surface. new lost there are small drawings of flowers.

•Its style was a total break from that of other neighboring houses of same era .CROIX. •Around the marge entry hall which welcomes the visitors domain of parents is developing in east wing and that of kids . ART DECO 19 .VILLA CAVROIS.FRANCE Architect – Robert Mallet Stevens Construction started -1929 Construction finished -1932 Type –Mansion •It was designed to offer best life style to the family daily work of house hold staff.in west wing.

•Marble and wood are used . •Each room has a radio loud speaker and electric clock and bathrobe . •Simplicity and functionality of furniture prevail in all parts . •The house dining hall and children dining hall linked to pare by an external staircase. 20 .•A Choice of material and furniture inside echoes the hierarchy of spaces .

CINCINNATI MUESUEM CENTRE/ UNION TERMINAL Architect –Paul Philippe Cret Constructed started -1931 Type -Terminal (railway) •Rotunda features largest semi –dome in western hemisphere measuring 180ft wide 106ft high. •Mortar and stone was used . •Construction finished ahead of schedule ART DECO 21 .

ART DECO IN THEATRES ART DECO 22 .

Took two and a half years to complete. Partially faced with red Agra sandstone. Marble staircases with cromium handrails lead up to the upper floor. this building is painted cream. Two wings of this building meet up in central block. ART DECO. Murals are in muted colors depicting Indian architecture.MUMBAI Architect: Shorabji Bhedwar Construction started:1935 Opened in:1938 Marked the beginning of Back Bay reclamation in early 1938. 23 .EROS CINEMA . Foyer is in black and white marble with touches of gold.

RAJMANDIR. ART DECO 24 .JAIPUR Architect :W .M. Capacity of 1200. Namjoshi Opened in:1976 Meringue shaped auditorium.

ART DECO IN AUTOMOBILES & FURNITURE- ART DECO 25 .

AUTOMOBILES•Streamline moderne style developed which was influenced by modern aerodynamic designs.symmetry-shapes which added to speed and efficiency. •These streamlined forms began to be used for design of mundane and static objects ART DECO such as pencil sharpeners . 26 . •Aerodynamic principles were adopted for Art Deco applying streamline techniques to cars .refrigerators. •Vehicles had Art Deco :speed-lines” for chrome grilles. •Streamlining influenced American &European automobile design and changed appearance from rectangular:”horseless carriages” into sleek vehicles with sweeping lines .

FURNITURES- ART DECO 27 .

when it began to be derided as gaudy& presenting a false image of luxury. o A resurgence of interest in Art Deco began during 1960’s and then again during 1980’s withDECO. o Before destruction during World War II .DECLINE & RESURGENCEoArt Deco slowly lost patronage in the West after becoming massproduced.Manila possessed many Art Deco buildings. o This designs style ended by austerities of World War II. increasing interest28 ART . a legacy of American colonial past.

BIBLIOGRAPHY ART DECO 29 .

THANK YOU ART DECO .