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VERBS

In English, there are three basic tenses: present, past,
and future. Each has a perfect form,  indicating
completed action; also a progressive form, indicating
ongoing action; and a perfect progressive form, 
indicating ongoing action that will be completed at
some definite time.

English verbs are divided into three groups: Normal Verbs. and Mixed Verbs. These verbs can be used in all tenses. Types of Verbs It is extremely important to understand that NOT all English verbs are the same.  Group I : Normal Verbs Most verbs are "Normal Verbs." These verbs are usually physical actions which you can see somebody doing. . Non-Continuous Verbs.

 Normal Verbs to run. Examples: I eat dinner every day. . to touch. etc. to fly. to eat. to walk. to go. I am eating dinner now. to say.

They include:  Communication Verbs Agree. .. These verbs are rarely used in continuous tenses.mean . deny..disagree. called "Non-Continuous Verbs." is smaller. These verbs are usually things you cannot see somebody doing. Group II Non-Continuous Verbs The second group.please.impress.

 Possession Verbs to possess. to envy.. to love..  Emotion Verbs to like. to dislike. . to belong.. to hate. to mind.. to fear. to own.

We . can not say: I'm hating you. let's the verb hate . But we can say: I hate you. For example.

Correct He is wanting a drink now. Correct . Examples: He is needing help now. Not Correct He needs help now. Not Correct He wants a drink now.

." while other meanings behave like "Normal Verbs. . called "Mixed Verbs. In a way. to feel. to see." is the smallest group. Group III Mixed Verbs The third group. to have. to hear. to weigh."  Mixed Verbs to appear. to look. These verbs have more than one meaning.. Some meanings behave like "Non-Continuous Verbs. each meaning is a unique verb.

*Non-Continuous Verb* (DONNA SEEMS CONFUSED ) My favorite singer is appearing at the jazz club tonight.)  to have: I have a dollar now.) . List of Mixed Verbs with Examples and Definitions:  to appear: Donna appears confused. *Normal Verb* (MY FAVORITE SINGER IS GIVING A PERFORMANCE AT THE JAZZ CLUB TONIGHT. Normal Verb (I AM EXPERIENCING FUN NOW. Non-Continuous Verb (I POSSESS A DOLLAR ) I am having fun now.

*Normal Verb* (SHE IS LOOKING WITH HER EYES. SHE IS HEARING VOICES IN HER MIND )  to look: Nancy looks tired. *Normal Verb* (SHE HEARS SOMETHING OTHERS CANNOT HEAR.) . *Non-Continuous Verb* (SHE SEEMS TIRED) Farah is looking at the pictures. to hear: She hears the music.) She is hearing voices. *Non-Continuous Verb* (SHE HEARS THE MUSIC WITH HER EARS.

Simple Present FORM : [VERB] + s/es in third person Examples: You speak English. Do you speak English? .

a daily event. The action can be a habit. a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. .USE 1 : Repeated Actions  Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. a hobby.

The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. . Every twelve months. the Earth circles the Sun. She always forgets her purse. Examples: I play tennis.

is true now.USE 2 Facts or Generalizations  The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before. and will be true in the future. . It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.

Windows are made of glass.Examples: Cats like milk. California is not in the United Kingdom. California is in America. .

but it can be used with other scheduled events as well. . This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation.USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future  Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future.

it arrives at 11 PM. The bus does not arrive at 11 AM.Examples: The train leaves tonight at 6 PM. . The party starts at 8 o'clock.

. she. He. they :play. it : plays. we. you.The forms of the simple present The affirmative form of the simple present: I.

.. Remember the verbs in the third person singular (he. he plays. she and it) always take an "s". it works. she sings. For example. .

she. they play? Does he.The interrogative form of the simple present: Do I. it play? Examples: Do you speak good German? Does Nancy work in a restaurant downtown? . you. we.

it does not play . they do not play He. we.The negative form of the simple present: I. she. you.

No.Examples: No. she doesn't work in a restaurant downtown . I don't speak German.

All the verbs take an "s" in the simple present when conjugated in the third person singular (he. it) form  So the rule is: He / she / it + Verb + S . she.

 sh . There are however some special cases. z. tch. ch go = miss = goes  misses do = does buzz =buzzes hatch=hat ches finish =finishes teach = teaches  . Here are the spelling rules: Silent e close =closes  note = notes Vowel + y play = plays say = says Verbs Consonan ending t + y in o study = studies  marry = marries Verbs ending in s.

I have = he / she / it has . Exception: The verb to have changes its forms as follows: I have two sisters and two brothers. But she has one sister and two brothers.

"Does he speak German?" "Do they play soccer?" She doesn't like ice cream. .To remember Verbs never take an "s" in the the negative and interrogative forms.