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BEAM

GAYA INTERNAL, DIAGRAM

GAYA GESER DAN MOMEN

Definisi Beam

Beam - structural member designed to support

loads applied at various points along its length.

Beam can be subjected to concentrated loads or

distributed loads or combination of both.

Beam design is two-step process:

1) determine shearing forces and bending

moments produced by applied loads

2) select cross-section best suited to resist

shearing forces and bending moments

Gaya Internal : gaya yang mengikat bersama berbagai

bagian struktur sehingga struktur tersebut menjadi kokoh

Straight two-force member AB is in

equilibrium under application of F and

-F.

Internal forces equivalent to F and -F are

required for equilibrium of free-bodies

AC and CB.

are supported.

Reactions at beam supports are determinate if they

involve only three unknowns. Otherwise, they are

statically indeterminate.

Wish to determine bending moment

and shearing force at any point in a

beam subjected to concentrated and

distributed loads.

Determine reactions at supports by

treating whole beam as free-body.

Cut beam at C and draw free-body

diagrams for AC and CB. By

definition, positive sense for internal

force-couple systems are as shown.

From equilibrium considerations,

determine M and V or M and V.

Variation of shear and bending

moment along beam may be

plotted.

Determine reactions at

supports.

Cut beam at C and consider

member AC,

V P 2 M Px 2

Cut beam at E and consider

member EB,

V P 2 M P L x 2

For a beam subjected to

concentrated loads, shear is

constant between loading points

and moment varies linearly.

Contoh Soal 1

SOLUTION:

Taking entire beam as a free-body,

calculate reactions at B and D.

diagrams for the beam and loading

shown.

systems for free-bodies formed by

cutting beam on either side of load

application points.

Plot results.

Plot results.

Note that shear is of constant value

between concentrated loads and

bending moment varies linearly.

Contoh Soal 2

Given: A beam is supported

by a hinge at A, a roller at B.

Force applied at C. Moment

applied at D.

Find: Draw the shear and

bending moment diagrams

Plan:

a) Draw a FBD of the beam.

b) Calculate support reactions.

c) Find equivalent internal force-couple systems for free-bodies formed

by cutting beam on either side of load application points.

Ay

By

MB = 0

Fy = 0

- Ay(20) + 0.6(10) 4 = 0

Ay + By 600 = 0

20Ay = 6 - 4

0.1 + By 0.6 = 0

Ay = 0.1 kip

By = 0.5 kip

Potongan 1-1

V

M

x

0.1 kip

0.5 kip

0.1 kip

0 x < 10 ft

M1-1 = 0

F1-1 = 0

M 0.1(x) = 0

0.1 V = 0

M = 0.1(x)

V = 0.1 kip

x = 0 ft

x = 0 ft

MA = 0.1(0) = 0 kip-ft

x = 10 ft MC = 0.1(10) = 1 kip-ft

VA = 0.1 kip

x = 10 ft VC = 0.1 kip

Potongan 2-2

V

M

0.1 kip

0.5 kip

0.1 kip

10 x < 15 ft

M2-2 = 0

F2-2 = 0

0.1 0.6 V = 0

M 0.1(x) + 0.6(x) 6 = 0

M = - 0.5(x) + 6

V = - 0.5 kip

x = 10 ft MC = - 0.5(10) + 6 = 1 kip-ft

x = 10 ft VC = - 0.5 kip

Potongan 3-3

V

M

0.1 kip

0.5 kip

0.1 kip

x

15 x < 20 ft

M3-3 = 0

F3-3 = 0

0.1 0.6 V = 0

M 0.1(x) + 0.6(x) 6 4 = 0

M = - 0.5(x) + 10

V = - 0.5 kip

x = 15 ft VD = - 0.5 kip

x = 20 ft MB = - 0.5(20) + 10 = 0 kip-ft

x = 20 ft VD = - 0.5 kip

Diagram Geser dan Momen

M1-1 = 0

M = 0.1(x)

MA = 0 kip-ft

MC = 1 kip-ft

F1-1 = 0

V = 0.1 kip

VA = 0.1 kip

VC = 0.1 kip

M2-2 = 0

M = - 0.5(x) + 6

MC = 1 kip-ft

MD = - 1.5 kip-ft

F2-2 = 0

V = - 0.5 kip

VC = - 0.5 kip

VD = - 0.5 kip

M3-3 = 0

M = - 0.5(x) + 10

MD = 2.5 kip-ft

MB = 0 kip-ft

F3-3 = 0

V = - 0.5 kip

VD = - 0.5 kip

VB = - 0.5 kip

Contoh Soal 3

SOLUTION:

Taking entire beam as free-body,

calculate reactions at A and B.

Determine equivalent internal forcecouple systems at sections cut within

segments AC, CD, and DB.

Draw the shear and bending moment

diagrams for the beam AB. The

distributed load of 7200 N/m. extends

over 0.3 m of the beam, from A to C,

and the 1800 N load is applied at E.

Plot results.

SOLUTION:

Taking entire beam as a free-body, calculate

reactions at A and B.

MA 0:

B y 0.8 m 2160 N 0.15 m 1800 N 0.55 m 0

B y 1642 N

MB 0:

A 2318 N

Fx 0 :

Bx 0

a 1800 N force and 180 Nm. couple at D.

Evaluate equivalent internal force-couple systems

at sections cut within segments AC, CD, and DB.

From A to C:

Fy 0 : 2318 7200 x V 0

V 2318 7200 x

1

M 1 0 : 2318 x 7200 x 2 x M 0

M 2318 x 3600 x 2

From C to D:

Fy 0 : 2318 2160 V 0

V 158 N

M 324 158 x N m

Evaluate equivalent internal force-couple

systems at sections cut within segments AC,

CD, and DB.

From D to B:

V 1642 N

M2 0:

2318 x 2160 x 0.15 180 1800 x 0.45 M 0

M 1314 1642 x N m

Plot results.

From A to C:

V 3218 7200 x

M 3218 x 20 x 2

From C to D:

V 158 N

M 324 158 x N m

From D to B:

V 1642 N

M 1314 1642 x N m

Contoh Soal 4

for the beam and loading shown.

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