You are on page 1of 55

Act Four: The Coming of the King

:
Redemption Accomplished

Jesus went into Galilee
proclaiming the good news.
“The time has come”, he said.
“The kingdom of God has come
near. Repent and believe the
good news!”
-Mark 1:14-15

Kingdom: Dominating Centre of
Jesus’ Mission
The central theme of Jesus' message, as it
comes down to us in the synoptic gospels,
is the coming of the kingdom of God... It
may be rightly said that the whole of the
preaching of Jesus Christ and his apostles
is concerned with the kingdom of God, and
that in Jesus Christ's proclamation of the
kingdom we are face to face with the
specific form of expression of the whole of
his revelation of God.
-Ridderbos

Kingdom: Dominating Centre of
Jesus’ Mission
 Jesus announces the arrival of the
kingdom (Mk. 1:15-17; Lk. 4:21)
 Jewish expectation
 What is the kingdom?

What had arrived?
Power of God in Christ by the
Spirit to restore creation
(especially humanity) to again
live under the rule of God.

1:15-17. Luke 4:21)  Jewish expectation  What is the kingdom?  A new way .Kingdom: Dominating Centre of Jesus’ Mission  Jesus announces the arrival of the kingdom (Mk.

blessing for peacemakers instead of hymns of hate and revenge' (Kung).Jesus’ Kingdom Mission: A New Way  Disagreement among Jews: who. when. readiness to suffer instead of using force. how to live  Violence and separation  ‘Love of enemies instead of their destruction. how. . unconditional forgiveness instead of retaliation.

Jesus Prepares for His Kingdom Mission  Early years  John the Baptizer prepares the way: Repent for the kingdom of God is near  Baptism of Jesus  Descent of Spirit  Temptation .

Jesus’ Public Mission  Obscurity  Popularity (Galilee)  Opposition  Jerusalem .

Jesus’ Kingdom Mission  Announces arrival of the kingdom .

Matthew 12:28 The reign of God has not yet arrived in fullness. Matthew 7:21 .The reign of God is already present.

Prophetic Expectation Spirit Messiah Sin Death Evil Satan Knowledge of God Love Joy Justice OLD AGE AGE TO COME .

New Testament Fulfillment Powers of sin death evil Satan OLD AGE Power of Spirit’s renewing work AGE TO COME .

Salvation and Judgement?  Prophetic message     Is.5 Luke 4:16-30 John 3:17 John the Baptizer’s confusion  Lk. 3:7-9. 17. 63:4. 7:18-23 .

6:2)  Salvation has come  Judgement is delayed .salvation incarnation judgement return “day of salvation” (2 Cor.

Era of Witness Spirit K in g d o m m is s io n o f Je su s to Is ra e l d e a th r e s u r r e c tio n e x a lt a t io n P e n te co st K in g d o m m is s io n o f ch u rch t o n a t io n s .

13:24). renewed life. radical (Lk. Matt. . love. 9:57-62). eternal (Lk. 14:25-33. costly (Lk.. etc. Lk. urgent (Lk. Abba relation to God. 4:43)  Announcement of arrival of God’s power to restore God’s rule  Demand for decision: Repent and believe! Follow me! (Mark 1:14-18)  Two metaphors: receive the gift of the kingdom.  Receive demands of kingdom: righteousness/ justice. joy. etc. 9:23ff. enter the realm of the kingdom  Decision: resolute. 13:25-30)  Receive blessing of kingdom: forgiveness. 19:16-24).Announcement of God’s Kingdom (Lk.

Jesus’ Kingdom Mission  Announces arrival of the kingdom  Reveals the kingdom through his mighty deeds .

cursed creation restored. lives changed (cf.Demonstration of God’s Kingdom  Blind see. sick healed. sinners forgiven. demons cast out. poor/ lost received. deaf hear. Lk. dead raised. 7:21-23)  Signs of God’s kingdom . lame walk.

prayer .Jesus’ Kingdom Mission  Announces arrival of the kingdom  Reveals the kingdom through his mighty deeds  Source of Jesus’ power: Abba. Holy Spirit.

Source of Power  Abba relationship  Prayer    Lk. Lk. 5:16: “often” withdraw to pray 6:12: prayed whole night 11:1ff: centre: reign of God  Holy Spirit . Lk.

Holy Spirit.Jesus’ Kingdom Mission  Announces arrival of the kingdom  Reveals the kingdom through his mighty deeds  Source of Jesus’ power: Abba. prayer  Arouses opposition to kingdom mission .

food laws.Opposition to Jesus’ Mission  Temple. Sabbath. tithing: symbols of separation and hatred  Jesus challenges idolatrous status quo (John 15:18-20)  Suffering for sake of kingdom .

prayer  Arouses opposition to kingdom mission  Gathers a kingdom community .Jesus’ Kingdom Mission  Announces arrival of the kingdom  Reveals the kingdom through his mighty deeds  Source of Jesus’ power: Abba. Holy Spirit.

Formation of Kingdom Community  Gathering of scattered Israel  Announcement of kingdom  (Mk.15)  Calling of disciples: “Follow me”      (Mk.) Community gathered around Jesus Appointment of the 12 Taught about life in the kingdom Participate in Jesus’ Kingdom mission  (Lk. 1:16ff. 1:14.9:1-6) .

Holy Spirit.Jesus’ Kingdom Mission  Announces arrival of the kingdom  Reveals the kingdom through his mighty deeds  Source of Jesus’ power: Abba. prayer  Arouses opposition to kingdom mission  Gathers a kingdom community  Welcomes sinners and outcasts .

lepers  Doctor comes to sick  Table fellowship  Healings . sinners. prostitutes.Welcoming Socio-Religious Outcasts  Friend of tax-collectors.

Admittance to the Qumran Community  Neither the blind nor the lame  Nor the deaf nor the dumb  Nor the lepers nor those whose flesh is blemished  Shall be admitted to the council of the community .

prayer  Arouses opposition to kingdom mission  Gathers a kingdom community  Welcomes sinners and outcasts  Explains kingdom of God with parables . Holy Spirit.Jesus’ Kingdom Mission  Announces arrival of the kingdom  Reveals the kingdom through his mighty deeds  Source of Jesus’ power: Abba.

Parables  Over 40 parables in gospels  Corrects wrong notions of kingdom  Explains life in the kingdom .

13:24-30)  It is already here but not yet in fullness .Parables: Correcting Wrong Notions  Kingdom does not come all at once  Parable of the weeds  (Matt.

Parables: Correcting Wrong Notions (cont)  Kingdom does not come in immediate and irresistible power  Parable of the sower  (Matt.23)  Hidden in a humble form  Conflict and suffering . 13:1.

13:24-30.Parables: Correcting Wrong Notions (cont)  Final judgement of the kingdom will not come immediately  Parable of weeds and net  (Matt. 47-52)  Judgement reserved for future .

and lost sheep (Lk. 14:15ff. poor.) .Parables: Correcting Wrong Notions (cont)  Kingdom is not Jewish kingdom reserved for wealthy and righteous  Parables of lost son. 15:1-32)  Gentiles. lost coin. sinners (Lk.

14:15.24) .Parables: Correcting Wrong Notions (cont)  Reason for delay: Gathering into kingdom  Parable of banquet (Lk.

prayer  Arouses opposition to kingdom mission  Gathers a kingdom community  Welcomes sinners and outcasts  Explains kingdom of God with parables  Embodies the kingdom in his life .Jesus’ Kingdom Mission  Announces arrival of the kingdom  Reveals the kingdom through his mighty deeds  Source of Jesus’ power: Abba. Holy Spirit.

15:11) Peace (Jn.Embodiment of God’s Kingdom         Abba-relation to God (Jn. 14:27) Obedience (Jn. 17:4. . Heb. 4:18) Justice (Lk.) Joy (Jn. 17:1-3) Life in Spirit (Acts 10:38) Love (Jn. 5:8) Solidarity with excluded (Lk. 15:9ff. 9:58) etc.

9:18-19)  Peter’s response (Lk. 9:35) . 9:9)  Crowd’s response (Lk.Who is Jesus?  Mounting curiosity about Jesus’ identity (Lk. 9:20)  God’s response (Lk.

9:20) Son of God (Lk. 9:22) Chosen servant (Lk. 9:35) . 9:35 cf. 9:19) Messiah (Lk. Matt.16:16) Son of Man (Lk.Who is Jesus?      Prophet (Lk.

Messianic actions       Jesus enters Jerusalem on a donkey Jesus enacts judgement on temple Jesus symbolizes his death Arrest and trials Crucifixion Resurrection .Jesus Concludes His Kingdom Mission in Jerusalem  Three prophetic-symbolic.

Era of Witness Spirit K in g d o m m is s io n o f Je su s to Is ra e l d e a th r e s u r r e c tio n e x a lt a t io n P e n te co st K in g d o m m is s io n o f ch u rch t o n a t io n s .

.. .Then sin the enemy of God’s kingdom must be destroyed.... .However.Jesus gave evidence of power of God to renew and restore.... . if his followers were to experience that renewing power.

Death Satanic power Forms of sin (hatred. greed. suffering. etc) Results of sin (sickness. SIN etc) only accomplished through Jesus’ death and resurrection  .

etc) only accomplished through Jesus’ death and resurrection  . etc) Results of sin (sickness. greed.Death Satanic power Forms of sin (hatred. suffering.

only accomplished through Jesus’ death and resurrection  .

etc. priests. to form faithful community  Cross: mighty act of God to accomplish redemption  (Rom. 8:3-4) .Centre of Redemptive History: Death of Jesus  Failure of judgement. law. prophets. kings. sacrificial system.

Death of Jesus: Biblical Images  Conflict – Victor (Col. Jn. 2:10) .)  Reconciliation (Rom. 5:10)  Pioneer/Representative man (Rom. 5:12-21. 12:31-33)  Sacrifice/Vicarious suffering (Jn. 2:13-15. 1:18f. 1:29)  Redemption – Purchase (1 Pet. Heb.

Death  end of old Resurrection OLD  beginning of new NEW death resurrection .

Death of Jesus: Paradox (1 Cor. 1:18-31)  Power in weakness  Wisdom in foolishness  Glory in lowliness  Victory in defeat  Purpose of all history in meaningless cruelty .

.

we participate in that new creation as we trust in Christ... ..Jesus died to restore His creation.. .

8:18-25) . 15:12-28. 15:20) Pioneer  Resurrection in three stages:    Jesus (Mk.1:5) Firstfruits (I Cor. 16:1-8) Church: Resurrection life in foretaste (Romans 6:1-14) Church and creation (I Cor.Resurrection of Jesus  Resurrection in Jewish thought: Arrival of life of new creation  Jesus: Dawning of new creation    Firstborn from the dead (Rev. Rom.

2:8f.Exaltation of Jesus  Coronation day: installation of rightful king   Place: Right hand of God (Acts 2:33) Name: Lord (Phil.) . 2:9-11)  Hidden (Heb.

The Risen Lord Commissions His Disciples  Matt.28:16-20: Make disciples  Luke 24:46-49: Witness to salvation in Jesus  John 20:19-23: Sent to continue the mission of Jesus .

End of Act Four .