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James Stirling

(1926-1922)

A presentation by –
Anupriya Saraswat (17)
Astha Singh (18)

SIR JAMES FRAZER  Born 22 April 1926 in Glasgow. he joined the Black Watch before transferring to theParachute Regiment. entered in a partnership with James Gowan. Israel and Ellis. England  During World War II. after . with Michael Wilford. • Died as a result of an operation gone wrong. then Planning and Regional Research. Liverpool.  Stirling studied architecture from 1945 until 1950 at the University of Liverpool. STIRLING Scotland  Went to school at Quarry Bank High School.  Attended the School of Town • Worked initially at Lyons. and later London from 1950 to 1952.

banal and barren” His first defining work was with James Gowan on ‘flats at Ham Common’ which was done in a Brutalist style. his friend and teacher. His work started as a subversion of the modern movement. with distinct vernacular touches. He was even quoted as saying – “I consider 99% of modern architecture to be boring. His eventual work was influenced by that Alvar Aalto and Frank Lloyd Wright.Influences As a student. . he was much The stiff-Domino house-a theoretical result of his analysis of Le Corbusier’s work influenced by architectural theorist and urbanist Colin Rowe. He cited the renaissance and neo-classicism as influences upon his work.

Leicester University. England  1977-Receives the Alvar Aalto Award  1980-Awarded the Gold Medal for Architecture by the Royal Institute of British Architecture (RIBA)  1981-Awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize  1984-Staatsgalerie (State Gallery and Chamber Theatre). Stuttgart. Oxford  1972-Olivetti Training School. Germany. Japan Art Association. Designed with Walter Nageli in Berlin  1988-Tate Gallery. London  1986-91-Braun Pharmaceutical equipment plant. Haslemere. England  1971-Florey Building. Albert Dock. Tokyo  1991-Electa Bookshop realised for the 1991 Venice Biennale . School of Architecture  1956-Starts private practice with partners James Gowan (until 1963)  1957-Visiting teacher at the Architectural Association. Cambridge University. England  1964-History Faculty. Melsungen. Liverpool. Germany  1985-Sackler Gallery. Glasgow. London  1963-Engineering Faculty. Queens College. England  1990-Awarded the Praemium Imperiale Prize for Architecture. Harvard University  1986-Clore Gallery.Career Timeline  1926-Born April 22. Tate Gallery. Scotland  1942-Liverpool School of Art  1950-Liverpool University.

History Faculty Building. Cambridge University. England .

and houses over 95. with a quarter-octagon nestled between two linear wings. to allow for different crosscampus circulation routes. This fractional pyramidlike portion.The library has a geometric form. forms the roof of the main reading area of the library  The building primarily houses the Seeley Historical Library. four .  Multi-directional approaches in the building are provided. on Sidgwick site. fully glazed. in a pyramidal fashion. Cambridge University. the octagonal part receding in size with rise in levels.000 volumes. Thus. and can seat upto 300 visitors at a time.  Built in 1964.

depicting the seminar halls and common rooms overlooking the central reading room includes a reading room for 300 readers (12. the other accommodation is staff.600 square feet of shelving) which accounts for approximately half the floor area.Ground floor-housing the main library The accommodation First floor. the library consists of a seminar . seminar and common rooms In addition.

as was characterized by his previous institutional buildings.  The reading room of the library had a fully glazed roof. mineral red. . The History faculty Building was built with Brick and was painted a dull. which attracted criticism from the people working in the library.

Florey Building. Oxford . Queens College.

The form of the building is amphitheatrical. The planned orientation of the building is different from the implementation due to a miscalculation of the site area by the university. housing a stepped court in the centre acting as a focal point. . The inner facade of the building is fully glazed. Oxford. due to which it was temporarily closed down.Like all his other works. leading to overheating of the building in summers. the form of the building is primarily geometrical-semi octagonal plan form with a courtyard. with rooms staggering backwards with rise in levels. in 1971. The florey building was built as a residential unit for students at the Queen’s college. while the outer facade is characterised by a predominantly brick facade with clerestory glazing at each level.

The building is built with brick and steel. Each room has a view of the central courtyard. and has adjustable glazing which can be pulled up. reaching upto the second floor. and is painted the customary brick red as seen previously. .A prominent feature are the visible RCC supports that are placed at an angle to the building. as well as a breakfast hall and communal kitchen on the ground floor. like blinds. The building houses residential units.

Stuttgart.Staatsgalerie (State Gallery and Chamber Theatre). Germany .

J. J. . Germany The building was an addition to the existing staatsgalerie (state gallery). which morphed into a ramp. which blended in with the existing structures around it such as adjacent Weissenhofsiedlung with buildings by Mies van der Rohe. in Stuttgart.Built in 1984. and Le corbusier. a chamber theater and music school. The neue staatsgalerie housed a new gallery extension.. One of the most important features of the site was the pedestrian walk cutting diagonally across the property which was to be incorporated in the plan The result was a built form that focused on this walkway.P Oud.

and a public footpath and ramp that winds around attached to the inner walls of circular space. at a higher elevation. to the front of the museum. This rotunda houses the sculpture garden.The buildings consists of a series of interconnected galleries around a central open-top rotunda. which is at a lower level. . The ramp connects the back portion of the museum.

contrasting with the rest of the form. composed of green steel framed glazing. used in order to conform to the existing staatsgalerie yet characterised with sharp angles and pure geometrical forms. The main building is clad with travertine and sandstone.The front facade of the art museum is asymmetrical and slanted at an angle. Blue and pink steel rails on the staircases and ramps stand out against the muted facade. .

1981-Seeley Historical Building Praemium Imperiale. 1977 RIBA Royal Gold Medal.Awards Alvar Aalto Medal. 1980-for contributions to post modernism Pritzker Prize. 1990 .

were classified under high-tech architecture. London and Stuttgart staatsgalerie. 21 articles in James Stirling: architectural Design Profile. RIBA Stirling prize was an architectural award started in 1996 in honour of his memory. including his sketches and axonometric drawings have now been compiled in an exhibition by the Yale University pressand Cca in collaboration. and his later buildings. including the history faculty building. His published works include a catalogue of his and Gowan’s firm’s work under the title of ‘Bauten und Projekte’. though he rejected the term. . His work in entirety. with works being displayed at the Tate.Legacy James Stirling was always hailed as a postmodernist.