You are on page 1of 29

GMGD 5224 : Public Policy Analysis

Assoc. Prof. Madya Dr. Ahmad Martadha Mohamed

POLICY BRIEF:
NATIONAL SPORTS POLICY

GROUP

AHMAD
ZAFWAN
BIN
SULAIMAN
(82091803-5893 /
815934)

AZRUL
FAZLI BIN
KAMARUDI
N
(810210-115661 /
815940)

MOHD
HAFIZ
JEHANGIR
SHAH BIN
MOHD
AFZAL
(781206-025209 /
815948)

NAZRIN
IZWAN BIN
MOHD NOH
(80060910-5319 /
815953)

RAHAH
BINTI
ISMAIL
(800306-015666 /
815956)

SCOPE OF PRESENTATION
INTRODUCTIO
N

PROBLEM
STATEMENT

LITERATURE
REVIEW

RESULTS AND
DISCUSSION

OBJECTIVE OF
RESEARCH

METHODOLO
GY

RECOMMENDATIO
NS

DIRECTION
FOR FUTURE
STUDIES

CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION
Sport is a symbol of
unity of all people in
the world and inside
our nation Olympic

National Sports Policy


(NSP) was introduced
in 1989

Uphold 1 Malaysia
Aspiration by create
sports culture

Building world class


athletes
in
High
Performance
Sport
(HPS)

Participation in sport
and physical activity
through
sport
and
sports as an industry

INTRODUCTION
Sports development
lead by the Ministry
of Youth and Sports
and coordinates by
the MSN and other
sports association
such as KOM, FAM,
BAM, MHF

Sports development
at the school level
(13-19yo) is governed
by the Sports
Division, Ministry of
Education

As the Minister of Youth and


Sports, I get the pleasure and
privilege of working in an area that
is close to the heart of many
Malaysians.
I am determined, that my work in
sports, must have a lasting impact,
covering a wider scope of those
involved in sports something that
perhaps will only come to fruition
after I leave the job. I want to build a
base that will give my country,
athletes that Malaysians can look up
to for generations to come.

PROBLEM STATEMENT
Malaysia is facing the crucial problem of producing athletes
that can compete in the international level and produce any
medals in the athletics sports

Watson Nyambek of 10.30s almost 16 years, G Shanti of


11.50s for almost 21 years!!

Where are our next sprinters that can beat these national
records?
The Star (December 20, 2013) : KOM should take the blame for
failing to achieve the target in the SEA Games 2013 which is
their worst ever performance in the history of the Games
since 1959

PROBLEM STATEMENT
The Star (December 29, 2013) : What is both sad and
worrying about the Malaysian situation is the precipitous
decline in our athletics performance even as more
funding and better facilities are being spent on the sport

Many sports development program- sports schools,


sports complex, stadium, facilities NO MEDAL

KOM fail to produce the world class athletes that can


win Olympic medals and even in the SEA Games

PROBLEM STATEMENT
16 YEARS
UNBREAKABLE RECORD
Watson Nyambek a.k.a
the Flying Dayak
Event : 100 m
Record : 10.30
Date : 13 July 1998

21 YEARS
UNBREAKABLE RECORD
G. Shanti
Event : 100 m
Record : 11.5s

PROBLEM STATEMENT

PROBLEM STATEMENT
ATHLETICS AT THE SEA GAMES 2009 ,
LAOS

RANK

NATION

GOLD

SILVER

BRONZE

TOTAL

THAILAND

14

20

14

48

INDONESIA

21

VIETNAM

11

22

PHILIPPINES

14

MALAYSI
A

16

MYANMAR

SINGAPORE

CAMBODIA

LAOS

45

46

44

135

TOTAL

PROBLEM STATEMENT
ATHLETICS AT THE SEA GAMES 2011,
INDONESIA

RANK

NATION

GOLD

SILVER

BRONZE

TOTAL

THAILAND

14

10

32

INDONESIA

13

12

11

36

VIETNAM

14

32

MALAYSIA

11

PHILIPPINES

16

SINGAPORE

MYANMAR

45

46

46

138

TOTAL

PROBLEM STATEMENT
ATHLETICS AT THE SEA GAMES 2013,
MYANMAR
RANK
NATION
GOLD
SILVER
BRONZE
TOTAL
1

THAILAND

17

13

39

VIETNAM

10

11

12

33

INDONESIA

17

PHILIPPINES

13

MALAYSI
A

13

MYANMAR

13

SINGAPORE

LAOS

47

45

46

138

TOTAL

The worst ever performance in the history of


the Games since 1959

LITERATURE REVIEW
FACTORS

AUTHOR

TITLE

FINDINGS

Talent

Awal & Kusrin


(2013)

Issues and challenges in


Talent Identification (TID)
programmed
implementation: a case study
in Johor.

The purpose of talent promotion is to


increase athletes potential and ability
by means of a variety of institutional
measures designed to accelerate
talent development

Training
and
Facilities

Ericsson (1996)

The road to excellence: The


acquisition of expert
performance in the arts and
sciences, sports, and games.

Level of performance was determined


by the amount of time spent
performing a "well defined task with
an appropriate difficulty level for the
particular individual, informative
feedback, and opportunities for
repetition and corrections of errors"

Sports
Schools

Van Rens, Elling,


& Reijgersberg
(2012)

Topsport Talent Schools in the


Netherlands: A retrospective
analysis of the effect on
performance in sport and
education

Topsport Talent Schools (TTS) were


founded in the Netherlands to help
talented athletes to achieve the
highest possible level in both their
sport and their education

Technology

Neptune (2009)

The influence of muscle


physiology and advanced
technology on sports

recent technological innovations have


produced faster running tracks,
bicycles, speed skates, and swimming

LITERATURE REVIEW
FACTORS

AUTHOR

TITLE

FINDINGS

Coach

Jowett and
Olympic medallists
Cockerill (2003) perspective of the althlete
coach relationship,

The nature of the athletecoach


relationship has an important role to
play in the athletes development
both as a performer and as a person.

Sports
Science

Neptune (2009) The influence of muscle


physiology and advanced
technology on sports
performance.

Advanced modelling and simulation


techniques are powerful tools to gain
insight into performance limits,
optimal equipment designs, and
mechanisms that may lead to injury.

Sports
Stewart,
Association Nicholson,
Smith and
Westerbeek
(2004)

Australian Sport: Better by


Design? The Evolution of
Australian Sport Policy

Better managed and professional


sport organizations will assist in
building the social capital of both
national and regional sport
communities.

Family
Support

Home influences on talent


development. In: Developing
talent in young people.

The greatest importance to an athlete


was that parents offered a nurturing,
understanding environment for their
child to retreat to

Sloane (1985)

METHODOLOGY
SECONDA
RY DATA

OBSERVA
TION

Printed
materials
from MSN,
MoE, SSBJ

Personal
observation
and
experience

Statistical
and
Administrativ
e Report

METHODOLOGY
INTERVIEW
SESSIONS
1)
DG
of
National
Sports
Council
Malaysia, YBhg. Dato
Sri Zolkeples Embong
2) Principal of Sekolah
Sukan Bukit Jalil, YBhg.
Datuk
Marina
Chin
(1970s former national
sprinter)
3) General Secretary
MAKSAK,
Ahmad
Faedzal Md. Ramli
4) Officers from Sports
Division, MoE

OBJECTIVE OF RESEARCH

To review the effectiveness of National Sports Policy;

To identify the main problem of the failing to


produce the next world class athletes in Malaysia;
and
To recommend the best solution in producing the
world class athletes in Malaysia

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:


SPORTS DEVELOPMENT AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL (13 19 YEARS OLD)

SCHOOL SPORTS ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE


Ministry of Education

Sports Division
(Policy Planning Coordination
Implementation)
-

1Student 1Sport

- Annual Schools Sports


- House Practices
- Track & Field
- Cross Country
- Inter-House Competitions
- Sports Club
- Sports Carnival
- Healthy and Active Life Style
Awareness Programmes

International Competitions
(Affiliated Organisation)

Asian
Schools
Sports
Federation
ASEAN
Schools
Sports
Council (ASSC)
- Other Competitions:
ASEAN Primary Schools Sports
Olympiad (APSSO)
Asian School Tenpin Bowling
Championship

Sports for Excellence

- MSSM
- National Sports Schools
- 15 State Sports Schools
830
District
Sports
Development Centres
- Coaching Programmes
Talent
Identification
Programme (TID)

DEVELOPMENT OF SPORTS IN MALAYSIAN SCHOOLS

International
Level
State Level
- MSSN

School
Level
- Annual

School Sports

District
Level
- MSSD

National
Level
- MSSM
- SUKIPT
- SUKMA

- ASEAN School Games


- Sea Games
- Asian Games
- Commonwealth
Games
- Olympic Games

CASE STUDY: ATHLETICS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

MALAYSIA NATIONAL RECORD ATHLETICS (MEN)


EVENT

RECO
RD

ATHLETE

DATE

PLACE

YEARS

Pre
Commonwealth
Games, Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia

16 years

100 m

10.30

Watson Nyambek

13 July 1998

200 m

20.92

Jegathesan
Manikavasagam

15 October 1968 Olympic Games, Mexico

46 years

400 m

46.41

Mohd Zaiful Zainal


Abidin

20 July 2001

13 years

800 m

1:47:3
7

Batulamai
Rajakumar

26
September Asian
Championships,
1985
Jakarta, Indonesia

1500 m

3:45:7
0

Mahedran
Vadivellan

11
December SEA Games, Thailand
2007

110 m
hurdles

13.73

Nur Herman Majid

15 October 1994 Asian Games, Japan

20 years

4 x 100
m relay

39.83

Watson Nyambek,
Azmi Ibrahim,
Nazmizan
Muhamad, Raman
Ganeshwaran

15
September SEA
Games,
2001
Lumpur

13 years

Asian Junior, Brunei

Kuala

29 years
7 years

MALAYSIA NATIONAL RECORD ATHLETICS (WOMEN)


EVENT

RECO
RD

ATHLETE

DATE

PLACE

YEARS

100 m

11.5

G. Shanti

7 May 1993

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

21 years

200 m

23.37

G. Shanti

22 July 1998

Asian Championships,
Japan

16 years

400 m

52.56

Rabia Abdul
Salam

13
1993

800 m

2:07.4
4

Josephine Mary

30
1986

September Asian
Korea

1500 m

4:23.4
9

Palaniappan
Jayanthi

14
1993

September New Delhi, India

100 m
hurdles

13.27

Moh Siew Wei

11 June 2004

Germany

10 years

4 x 100
m relay

45.33

Yee Yi Ling, Nurul


Sarah A. Kadir,
Norjannah
Hafiszah, Siti
Zubaidah Abadi

17 July 2010

Poland

4 years

4 x 400

3:35.8

R. Shanti,

17 June 1993

SEA Games, Singapore

21 years

December Asian
Athletics
Championships, Manila
Games,

South

21 years
28 years
21 years

PACKAGES FOR A WORLD CLASS ATHLETE


Tourname
nts

Talent

Training
and
Facilities

Sponsors
hip,
Welfare,
Incentives

Sport
Schools

Athletes
Developm
ent
Program
mes

Technolog
y

Coaches

Discipline

Family
Support

Sports
Associatio
ns

Sports
Science

RECOMMENDATIONS
Professional
and Good
Governance
of Sports
Associations

Ruled by the Elite who come from


upper class group and control the
system
Should handled by qualified people in
areas related to sports
Change Management

Sports as an
Industry

In a very competitive world nowadays,


people are moving towards
individualism
Strategic Partnership with corporate
bodies in sports development Corporate Social Responsibility

RECOMMENDATIONS

The Policy
Formulation

Roles
Reinforcement

Revisit the NSP


Set the agenda accordingly to ensure
the policy could be implemented for the
majority benefits

Strengthen the roles and function of


related agencies to ensure the
continuity of the athletes

CONCLUSION

The cooperation from


related agencies is
needed to ensure the
successful implementation
of National Sports Policy
in producing world class
athletes

The twelve (12) critical


factors to the athletes
success need to be
highlighted and addressed
accordingly

The government needs to


be proactive in drawing
more participation from
the citizens and to create
sports culture among
Malaysian