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Feb 24, 2016

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You are on page 1of 32

Theory

Sparks Petroleum Services Oman

Objective

pressure (BHP) is required

pressure

constant (or nearly constant)

2-Constant BHP Theory

SIDPP

determination of

pressures at other points

in the well

SICP

Influx stops

when BHP

becomes

equal to the

Formation

Pressure

BHP = Pore Pressure

3-Constant BHP Theory

SICP

5800

Well shut-in

decrease

pressure equalize

What is SICP?

4-Constant BHP Theory

SICP

= 800

SICP

+

Total Mud Hydrostatic

Pressure of 5000 psi

Total Mud

Hydrostatic

Pressure is

5000 psi

5800

thus,

SICP = BHP - 5000

SICP = 5800 - 5000

5-Constant BHP Theory

and we do nothing at all?

?

Mud Hydrostatic

Pressure is 2500 psi

BHP = Gas Pressure +

Hydrostatic of Mud Below

Mud Hydrostatic

Pressure is 2500 psi

8300

WOW!

3300

WOW!

Mud Hydrostatic

Pressure is 2500 psi

CP = Gas Pressure less

Hydrostatic of Mud Above

Mud Hydrostatic

Pressure is 2500 psi

8300

5800

Mud Hydrostatic

Pressure is 5000 psi

Hydrostatic of Mud Below

10,800

long before this

pressure is reached!

Formation Pressure 5800 psi

handle this migrating gas

800

Total Mud

Hydrostatic

Pressure is

5000 psi

5800

plus the hydrostatic of the

mud below the gas equal to

the original BHP (5800 psi)

11-Constant BHP Theory

Pressure Kept at 5800 psi

?

Upper mud column hydrostatic is

2500 psi

Gas expands as 20 bbls mud is bled,

gas pressure decreases to 3500 psi

Lower mud column hydrostatic is

2300 psi

20 bbls bled

5800

Bled and BHP Kept at 5800 psi

1000

Hydrostatic of Mud

Above

20 bbls bled

CP = 3500 - 2500

5800

CP = 1000 psi

BHP Kept at 5800 psi

1600

CP = 1600 psi

Mud Hydrostatic = 4200

BHP = 5800 psi

60 bbls bled

5800

Gas is at surface

1600

CP = 1600 psi

BHP = 5800 psi

Great...

but how do we see

the BHP during all

this?

60 bbls bled

5800

If we have drill pipe in the

hole, we can use it as a

link to the bottom...

BHP = 5800 psi

CP = 800 psi

Pit Gain = 50 bbls

Hydrostatic in DP = 5000 psi

SIDPP = BHP - DP Hydrostatic

SIDPP = 5800 - 5300

SIDPP = 500 psi

SIDPP

800

Pit Gain

5800

Now, as gas migrates,

keep DP at 500 psi.

Bleed mud as needed.

BHP = 5800 psi

Pit Gain = 50 bbls + 20 bbls

SIDPP = 500 psi

DP Hydrostatic = 5300 psi

BHP = 500+ 5300

BHP = 5800 psi

500

1000

20 bbls

Bled

5800

500

DP at 500 psi. Bleed

mud as needed.

BHP = 5800 psi

Pit Gain = 50 bbls + 60 bbls

SIDPP = 500 psi

DP Hydrostatic = 5300 psi

BHP =500 + 5300

BHP = 5800 psi

1600

60 bbls

Bled

5800

500

500

800

800

=

Pit Gain

5800

Pit Gain

5800

Balanced Well

Consider a well with

sufficient hydrostatic to

control the formation

pressure

The hydrostatic pressure in

both columns are equal.

0

0

Pit Gain

The depth and density are

such that BHP = 5300 psi

5300

605

Pump

pumping at a slow rate

Pumping at 20 spm

Pit Gain

Annular Friction = 5 psi

BHP = 5300 psi + 5 psi

5

5305

500

Pump

800

Well shut- in

Pit Gain = 50 bbls

Not yet circulating

Shut-in pressures recorded

50 bbls

5800

1105

Pump

(500 +605)

800

Circulating at 20 spm

Initial Circulating Pressure =

Initial Shut-in Pressure +

Initial Friction Pressure

Maintain 1105 psi on DP

50 bbls

5

5805

605

1105

Pump

1000

Circulating at 20 spm

BHP constant because DP

pressure set at 1105 psi

5

CP increases because less

mud hydrostatic in annulus

5805

605

1105

Pump

1600

Circulating at 20 spm

BHP constant because DP

pressure set at 1105 psi

Maintain 1105 psi on DP

CP has reached a maximum

5

5805

605

1105

Pump

800

Circulating at 20 spm

Introduce Balanced Mud

(density balances BHP)

Will need to adjust DPP as

drill string fills with heavy

mud

5

5805

(1105 - 500) x MW2/MW1)

665

Pump

850

Circulating at 20 spm

Drill string full of heavy mud

DPP pressure reduced to

665 psi, the friction pressure

associated with the heavier

mud

5

5805

Kick to Surface

665

665

Pump

1300

Circulating at 20 spm

Annulus partially filled with

heavy mud

5

BHP still 5805 psi

5805

665

665

Pump

175

Circulating at 20 spm

Annulus contains two muds

Casing pressure reduced

BHP still 5805 psi

5

5805

665

665

Pump

Circulating at 20 spm

Annulus contains balanced

weight mud

Casing pressure = 0

DPP = Friction of new mud

BHP still 5805 psi

5

5805

Well is Dead

0

Pump

Stop Pumps

Well Full of Balanced Wt. Mud

DPP = 0

CP = 0

BHP = 5800 psi

5800

Summary

DP gage is link to BHP

BHP can be kept constant if DP is:

constant after balanced mud reaches bit

adjusted to account for balanced mud as it fills DP

account for higher friction pressure in drill string

32-Constant BHP Theory

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