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Texas Tech University

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

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Water

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Solid Particles

Volume

Voids (air or water)

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Air

Water

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Mineral Skeleton Idealization:


   

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˜ater

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Mineral Skeleton P lly Sat rated

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Mineral Skeleton Dry Soil

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Mineral Skeleton Partly Sat rated Soils

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Va Air ˜a~0
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Vs Solid ˜s

olume Weight

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134.9c3 ˜a~0
Air
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243.9c3
Water 109.0g
109.0c3
585.0c3 1013.0g
s =2.65
341.1c3 Solid 904.0g

Vol es ˜eights

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134.9c3 Air
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243.9c3
109.0c3 Water
585.0c3
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341.1c3 Solid


 
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× This procedure is
suitable for coarse
grained soils
× e.g. No.10 sieve Ɩ.
has 10 apertures per
linear inch

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× álso called
Sedimentation
ánalysis
× StokeƎs Law


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liq id (pea soup)


Liq id liit
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Plastic liit
sei-solid (cheese)
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Soil Properties that Control its Engineering Behavior

Particle Size

coarse-grained fine-grained
Particle/Grain Size Soil Plasticity
Distribution
Particle Shape

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X X
Area = A

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Soil Unit
áss e the soil is f lly sat rated, all voids are
filled ith ater.
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