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RhinoMembrane r 2.

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VI International Conference on Textile Composites and
Infl atable Structures

Structural Membranes 2013
9-11 october Munich , Germany

RhinoMembrane r 2.0

UPDATE REFERENCE STRATEGY
FORM-FINDING
With
Grasshopper
A generative modeling environment for Rhinoceros®
Gerry D’Anza Architect

0 Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich . Germany The Concept of Form Finding in Architecture is a old topic: Used in conjunction with several construction technologies. Musmeci .VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures RhinoMembrane r 2. formfinding is used in many fields for optimal use of material and energy minimization Concrete bridge from 70‘ Eng. Italy .

Car Park Cover Arch. Germany Tensile Structures need to be Form-Found.Gerry D’Anza . Geometry and Pre-Stress together make them become Architecture and a widely used construction technology.VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures RhinoMembrane r 2.0 Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich . Italy .

RhinoMembrane r 2. Germany Form-Finding methods: • • • • • • Force Density Method Dynamic Relaxation Non-Linear stiffness Update Reference Strategy NFD Natural force density method ….0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich . others .

an arbitrary stress state can be specified for the membrane. which can be isotropic in order to generate real minimal surfaces or orthogonally anisotropic. Germany Theory The theoretical background of Rhino Membrane is provided by the Updated Reference Strategy (URS) for form finding of membrane structures developed by Prof. in the form finding process of pneumatic structures such as air-inflated cushions. Due to its continuum-mechanical basis. which is very helpful for form finding of textile structures with warp and weft direction.g. . which are acting always normal to the surface at every state of the procedure. It is even possible to consistently include pressure forces.0 Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich . The URS represents a generalization of the well-known force density method. the method is applicable to both cable and membrane elements without any restrictions: E. the corresponding equilibrium shape has to be determined.VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures RhinoMembrane r 2. Kai-Uwe Bletzinger of the TU München (Germany) For a given topology of a membrane structure and given stress state in the structural elements (pre-tension in the membrane and cables).

Easy connection to packages for membrane patterning & production Easy connection to packages for structure design & production Rhinoceros software from McNeel & associates has proven to be the best choice as a host application for the above objectives .0 Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich .VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures RhinoMembrane r 2. Germany Objectives RhinoMembrane has been developed with in mind a few objectives: • • • • • Modern state of the art tool for Tensile Structures Form-Finding Fast migration of data to FEA packages with non linear features for structural analysis and verification against design codes.

0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich . Germany Key Features Surface Quad-Mesh & Tri-Mesh elements taken in account Warp & Weft direction set by user via U-V mapping control Cables controlled by pretension or Force Density value Truss elements controlled by stiffness Constant.RhinoMembrane r 2.Linear & quadratic stress law specified over the surface Internal pressure for pneumatics Fast direct sparse matrix solver Visualization of final stress over the surface & reaction forces at fixed nodes .

Germany Why another Form-Finding tool ARCHITECT ENGINEER CONCEPT DESIGN ENVIRONMENT IMPACT STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS Geometry Pre-Stress PATTERNING SHADING & ENERGY DETAILS Geometry .Technical feedback ACOUSTICS & SOUND ERECTION & BUILDING .RhinoMembrane r 2.0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich .

Germany .0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich .RhinoMembrane r 2.

0 GH Solver Component .RhinoMembrane r 2. Germany RhinoMembrane r 2.0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich .

RhinoMembrane r 2.0 extPoint Component .0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich . Germany RhinoMembrane r 2.

Germany RhinoMembrane r 2.0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich .0 extCurve Component .RhinoMembrane r 2.

0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich .RhinoMembrane r 2. Germany RhinoMembrane r 2.0 extMesh Component .

Germany Hypar Example .0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich .RhinoMembrane r 2.

0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich . Germany Hypar Example .RhinoMembrane r 2.

Germany Video Examples .RhinoMembrane r 2.0 VI International Conference on Textile Composites and Infl atable Structures Structural Membranes 2013 9-11 october Munich .