You are on page 1of 39


• The city Mumbai, know as Bombay until 1995, is a great port city, situated on the
west coast of the Indian peninsula.
• It is one of India's dominant urban centers and, indeed, is one of the largest and
most densely populated cities in the world.
• Deriving its name from Mumba Devi, a goddess of the local Koli fishing peoples,
Mumbai grew up around a fort established by the British in the mid-seventeenth
century to protect their trading interests along India's western coast.
• The city's superb natural harbor provided a focal point for sea routes crossing the
Arabian Sea, and Mumbai soon became the main western gateway to Britain's
expanding Indian empire.
• The city emerged as a center of manufacturing and industry during the eighteenth
• Today, Mumbai is India's commercial and financial capital, as well as the capital
city of Maharashtra State.

• Mumbai is built on what was once an archipelago of seven islands: Bombay
Island, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli, and Old Woman's Island (also
known as Little Colaba).
• The city then was known as Heptanesia (Ancient Greek: A Cluster of Seven
Islands) to the Greek geographer Ptolemy.
• In 1543 AD, the Portuguese seized the isles from Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and
they remained in their control until 1661.
• Following this period, the isles were ceded as dowry to Catherine de Braganza
when she married Charles II of England.

the English East India Company transferred its headquarters from Surat to Bombay. Andheri. • In 1687.• He. . Bombay became the new capital of Maharashtra. in turn. Malad. Gateway of India is built to commemorate their arrival in 1911. • King George V and Queen Mary visit Mumbai. leased the isles to the East India Company during their colonization in 1668 and that's when the city was named Bombay. the city expanded drastically and a number of suburban towns were incorporated within the city limits such as Borivali. Thane and Bandra. • In 1st May 1960. • Post-independence.

the island city in the South and Mumbai Suburban District comprising the Western and Eastern suburbs. The Vihar Lake and the Tulsi Lake are present within the National Park and supply part of the city's drinking water. • There are three lakes in the city.e. Mumbai City District. • The present day city is divided into two revenue districts.) and its width is 17 km. The Powai Lake is immediately south of these two. i. east to west and 42 km.GEOGRAPHY • Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay) is located on the western seacoast of India on the Arabian Sea at 18°53’ N to 19°16’ N latitude and 72° E to 72°59’ E longitude. km. • Mumbai occupies an area of 468 square kilometers (sq. north to south. .

The Trombay Hills. The Powai Hills. • Within the city the Malad (Marve) Creek and the Gorai (Manori) Creek inundate the suburban region. • The Vasai Creek to the north and Thane Creek to the east separates Salsette Island from the mainland.• Bombay has numerous creeks with close to 71KM2 of creeks and mangroves along its coastline. The Ghatkopar Hills. . • There are three hill ranges with the city limits. There are also the Mahul Creek and the Mahim Creek. • The Mahim Creek forms the border between the two districts.

• Mumbai's climate can be best described as moderately hot with high level of humidity. • Its coastal nature and tropical location ensures temperatures won't fluctuate much throughout the year. .• The Climate of Mumbai is a tropical wet and dry climate.


.it is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city and some suburbs of Mumbai. Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai is the civic body that governs the capital city of Mumbai in Maharashtra and is India's richest municipal organization. • In 2014. • The BMC's annual budget is more than that of some of the small states of India. and that there is no lacuna on the part of the authorities. Trishna Vishwasrao became the first female corporator to be leader of the Corporation's house. Established under the Bombay Municipal Corporation Act 1888. • The corporators are responsible for overseeing that their constituencies have the basic civic infrastructure in place.• The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) also known as.

• On December 9. • The Municipality was initially housed in a modest building at the terminus of Girgaum Road. • In 1870. 1884. Lord Ripon. it was shifted to a building on the Esplanade. by the then Viceroy.• The BMC was created in 1865 and Arthur Crawford was its first Municipal Commissioner. the foundation stone for the new building of the Bombay Municipal Corporation was laid opposite Victoria Terminus now known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. located between Watson Hotel and the Sassoon Mechanics Institute where the present Army & Navy building is situated. .

Sewree and Sion.MUMBAI POLICE • Mumbai Police motto is-" सदरद कणणय खलननगदरहणणय“ which means "To protect the good and to destroy the evil“ • The origins of the present day Mumbai police can be traced back to a militia organised by Gerald Aungier. • The Mumbai Police is headed by a Police Commissioner. • Mumbai Police’s elite commando force. the then Governor of Mumbai in 1669. who is an IPS officer. • This Bhandari Militia was composed of around 500 men and was headquartered at Mahim. • There are a total of 91 police stations in the jurisdiction of Mumbai Police. which is a specialised counter terrorism unit to guard the Mumbai metropolitan area. is called Force One .

with the highest GDP of all the cities in South. • It is also one of the world's top 10 centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow. As of 2009-10. fashion and commercial centre of India. In PPP dollars. Mumbai enjoys a Per Capita Income of $2. 20% of central excise tax collections. By 2020-21 fiscal. Maharashtra is the entertainment. • Mumbai was ranked among the fastest cities in India for business startup in 2009. 60% of customs duty collections. making it South Asia's richest city. .16% of India's economy contributing 10% of factory employment. West and the Central Asia.6% higher than 2008-09 levels of $2. Mumbai accounts for slightly more than 6.000 crore (US $10 billion) in corporate taxes to the Indian economy.000. 30% of income tax collections. Mumbai had a Per Capita Income of $7. 40% of foreign trade and rupees 40.ECONOMY • Mumbai.050 as of 2009-10 fiscal.440. • Mumbai holds the pride of being the wealthiest city in the country.845. • In the recent years Mumbai is experiencing rapid growth. Mumbai's GDP Per capita at PPP is expected to reach US$23. This is 16.

000 6.000-60.0000 20.000 6.000 30.000-30.000 10.000-14.000 11.000 12.000-1.000-15.000 20.ft.000 15.000 10.000 .REAL ESTATES OF MUMBAI Property Rates Of `Ready-to-move-in’ Units In Prime Residential Markets Of Western Suburbs Location Capital Values (INR/ sq.) Rental Values for 2 BHK (INR /month) Bandra Santacruz Andheri 40.000-30.000 18.000-15.500-16.750-11.000-70.00.000-50.000-50.500-10.000 20.000-20.000 Goregaon Kandivali Borivali 14.000-50.000-30.000 25.000 Dahisar Bhayandar Mira road 8.000 60.000-9.000-22.000 30.

4 km. connecting Bandra. . connecting Western Express Highway with Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport’s (CSIA) New Terminal 2. 4 Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link 5. Andheri. NO. Begins from near the Mahim creek and extends to the Mira-Dahisar toll booth. PLAN DETAILS 1 Mumbai Metro 11.6 km. 3 Western Express Highway 25 km.(4 Lane each direction) .INFRASTRUCTURE PLANS FOR MUMBAI SR. Signal-Free. Begins with Bandra and ending to Worli . Speed-80 km/h(TOP) & 33km/h (AVG) 2 Sahar Elevated Road The Sahar Elevated Road. From Versova to Ghatkopar with 12 main stations in between . Borivali up to Dahisar.

diamond polishing. brokerages. headquarters of most Indian state-owned and commercial banks. as well as the financial & monetary regulatory authorities of India (SEBI and RBI among other institutions).OCCUPATION • Mumbai has traditionally owed its prosperity largely to its textile mills and its seaport till the 1980s. healthcare and information technology. . • These are now increasingly being replaced by industries employing more skilled labour such as engineering. • Mumbai is also the primary financial centre for India. both the major Indian stock exchanges (BSE and The National Stock Exchange). asset management companies (including majority of the mutual fund companies).

• As Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra. and movie making (in sheer numbers. who primarily earn their livelihood as hawkers. computers."Bollywood. government employees make up a large percentage of the city's workforce. Like most metropolitan cities. such as the Aditya Birla Group. • The port and shipping industry too employs many residents directly and indirectly. Mumbai also has a large influx of people from rural areas looking for employment. including Hollywood)." produces more movies than any other city in the world. and Tata & Sons. taxi drivers. • Mumbai is home to some of India's largest and wealthiest industrial conglomerates. mechanics and other such proletarian professions. Godrej. • More specialized economic activities are diamond cutting. • Mumbai also has a large unskilled and semi-skilled labour population. .

Indian cinema dates all the way back to 1913 and the silent film Raja Harishchandra. the first-ever Indian feature film. . the center of the film world.BOLLYWOOD • Even if you’ve never actually seen a film from India. with the B coming from Bombay (now known as Mumbai). • The word Bollywood is (obviously) a play on Hollywood. • The word was coined in the 1970s by the writer of a magazine gossip column. and the world leader in both the number of films produced each year as well as audience attendance. though there is disagreement as to which journalist was the first to use it. brightly colored productions shot in exotic locales featuring beautiful stars partaking in impressively choreographed song and dance numbers. the word Bollywood immediately conjures up images of sumptuous. Now it has grown to become one of the country’s most powerful and financially lucrative industries. • However.

Yet unlike Hollywood. • Bollywood is perhaps entering a new chapter in its history.• Its producer. • The number of productions companies began to skyrocket. was Indian cinema’s first mogul. as did the number of films being produced each year—from 108 in 1927. to 328 in 1931. • With the recent success of films like Slumdog Millionaire and the injection of foreign capital into the Indian film industry. Dadasaheb Phalke. initial growth in the industry was slow. one in which the eyes of the world are now paying closer attention . and he oversaw the production of twenty-three films between 1913-1918. • 1931 saw the release of Alam Ara. the first talkie. and the film that paved the way for the future of Indian cinema.

the demand for dabba delivery grew too. • In 1930. • . Mahadeo Bhavaji Bachche started a lunch delivery service with about a hundred men.999999. conducted a quality assurance study on the Dabbawalas’ operations and gave it a Six Sigma efficiency rating of 99. a charitable trust was registered in 1956 under the name of Nutan Mumbai Tiffin Box Suppliers Trust. . Later. he informally attempted to unionize the dabbawallas.DABBAWALA • In 1890 Bombay. Forbes Global magazine. along with multinationals like Motorola and GE. • The commercial arm of this trust was registered in 1968 as Mumbai Tiffin Box Supplier’s Association. And as the city grew. the Dabbawalas made one error in six million transactions. In 1998. • That put them on the list of Six Sigma rated companies.


India. • It currently covers an area of 217 hectares (535 acres). . • Dharavi slum was founded in 1882 during the British colonial era. and from rural poor migrating into urban Mumbai • Estimates of Dharavi's total population vary between 700. • It houses one of the largest slums in the world.DHARAVI • Dharavi is a locality in Mumbai. • The slum grew in part because of an expulsion of factories and residents from the peninsular city centre by the colonial government.000 to about 1 million.

• In addition to the traditional pottery and textile industries in Dharavi. . • The latest urban redevelopment plan proposed for the Dharavi area is managed by American-trained architect Murkesh Mhata.000 single-room factories. • There have been many plans since 1997 to redevelop Dharavi. • The district has an estimated 5000 businesses and 15. there is an increasingly large recycling industry.including Lehman Brothers. processing recyclable waste from other parts of Mumbai. • Companies from around the world have bid to redevelop Dharavi. Dubai's Limitless and Singapore's Capitaland Ltd.

 Mumbai Local has 140 stations in total.585 Million and almost equal to the Population of Switzerland !  It is the Most Profit-Making Branch of Indian Railway. . MUMBAI SUB-URBAN RAILWAY  Mumbai’s intercity railways network. commonly known as “ Mumbai Local” by the people.TRANSPORT 1.  Mumbai Local is so much indispensible that it is considered as LIFE LINE OF MUMBAI .  Daily Ridership is 7.

20 million daily. It is abbreviated for “BrihanMumbai Electric Supply &Transport”.000 employees and headed by Jagdish Patil as its General Manager.  It earns Rs.  It runs a total 4680 buses and ferrying over 1 million passengers over 365 routes.2.  It has 44.T.S.  It has received INTERNATIONAL ROAD SAFETY AWARD for the year 2003.E.  B. .

8. 222.Sahar Elevated Road .  Western express highway is one of the most important highways that rapidly connects major western cities. Mumbai’s road infrastructure stands strong with 1900 km.  Major future road projects are. of laid roads with 55 major flyovers.3.  ROAD NETWORK Today.4.Santacruz Chembur Link Road . 17.  Mumbai road network consists of major roadways like NH 3.

Due to its cosmopolitan nature. • Places of interest include: Haji Ali Dargah situated about 500 yards from the shoreline in the middle of the Arabian Sea. • Gateway of India. . the financial capital and entertainment capital of the country. a humongous architectural stone structure built by the British more than 200 years ago. Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Downtown Mumbai reminiscent of the 19th century British architecture. Madh island beach and other beaches towards the south of Mumbai. The Bandra-Worli Sea Link. Mumbai has proven a popular tourism destination. Girgaon chowpati. carved out of a giant stone on an island are a short ferry away into the Arabian sea.TOURISM • Mumbai is eastern equivalent of New York City and Los Angeles. • Elephanta Caves. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya.

POPULAR TOURIST SPOTS • • • • • • • • • • • Hanging Gardens of Mumbai Gateway Of India Sanjay Gandhi National Park Girgaum Chowpatty Elephanta Caves Nehru Science Centre Mount Mary Church. Bandra Siddhivinayak Temple Mahalakshmi Temple Haji Ali Dargah Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya .



for 24 hours. submerged Instrument Landing System equipment and extremely poor visibility. • The Mumbai-Pune Expressway. • Rail links were disrupted. was closed the first time ever in its history. which witnessed a number of landslides. and reports on late evening of 30 July indicated cancellation of several long distance trains till 6 August 2005.CALAMITIES FACED BY MUMBAI 26TH JULY 2005 FLOODS • For the first time ever. an unprecedented 5 million mobile and 2. • According to the Hindustan Times.3 million MTNL landline users were hit for over four hours. Mumbai's domestic and international airports Chatrapati were shut for more than 30 hours due to heavy flooding of the runways. .

Leopold Cafe.the Nariman House Jewish community centre. an Islamic militant organisation. • The attacks. 26 November and lasted until Saturday.the Metro Cinema. the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower. began on Wednesday. . Cama Hospital. killing 164 people and wounding at least 308. carried out a series of 12 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks lasting four days across Mumbai. Xavier's College.26/11 ATTACKS • In November 2008. the Oberoi Trident. • Eight of the attacks occurred in South Mumbai: at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. which drew widespread global condemnation. allegedly 10 Pakistani members of Lashkar-e-Taiba. 29 November 2008. and in a lane behind the Times of India building and St.







bandra worli sea link. . • Mumbai being the commercial hotspot here works never stops supporting the refreshment industry at night as well.NIGHT LIFE OF MUMBAI • Mumbai is famous for its glamorous night life which is full of lights and colours.various restaurants and pubs. • There are some food outlets in Mumbai who operate at mid-night hours only. • Some famous nightout points are marine lines.juhu chaupati.