You are on page 1of 12

Commissions of Inquiry

The Basics

Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Overview • What is a commission? What is an inquiry? • Formation • Scope • Function • Final Report • Outcomes 2 February 25. 2016 .

Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Definitions • Commission: •  usually not permanent  headed by commissioners with a staf  all determined by the “terms of reference” (ToR)  not a standardized mechanism within the UN system Inquiry:  “asking questions”  fact-finding mandate rather than a judicial mandate  the goal is to answer a specific set of questions 3 February 25. 2016 .

February 25. 2016 .Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Formation • • • Issue of concern to the international community Inaction by domestic parties Bodies that have formed a CoI: • UN Security Council • UN Human Rights Council • UN General Assembly • UN Secretary General • 4 Resolution (if by a council or GA).

) • Balance of expertise February 25. etc. gender balance. 2016 .Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Formation 5 • Also determined by mandate • Responsible for interpreting the mandate • Balance of identities (Asian.

etc.Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Formation 6 • Funding: Donor countries will be asked to support • Duration: Depends on mandate and available funding (give some examples here of how long Gaza. 2016 . Darfur. lasted) February 25.

2016 .Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Scope The range that a CoI would cover • • • • 7 Geographic (what areas?) Temporal (what time period?) Issues • Crimes against humanity and war crimes • Gross violations of human rights Likely to extend to all parties of the conflict February 25.

2016 .Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Function What do the commissioners and staff do? • • • • • • • • 8 Desk research Field missions Interviews / collection of testimonies Requests from NGOs and governments to submit information In some cases. may ask NGOs to collate information Public hearings Analysis of information Final Report February 25.

2016 . 9 February 25. but likely to include: •Scale of human rights violations •Causes •Barriers to ending impunity Recommendations • Next actions to be taken by all relevant parties • Most likely will be nonbinding • Could strengthen the carrot and stick approach (stronger benchmarks) Note the risks: with both findings and recommendations.Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here The Final Report Findings To be determined by ToR. there will be limitations and some issues may be left out or not addressed as fully as you want.

2016 .Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Outcomes Civil-society campaigns to implement recommendations 10 February 25.

ICRC) and relief to afected communities (e. aid workers) 11 February 25. 2016 .g.Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Outcomes Domestic and International Responses In the short-term: •Burmese government stops or decreases human rights violations •International community gains better access for monitoring (e.g.

Pierce ppierce@ictj.ictj.Commissions of Inquiry Two line headline goes here The Basics Two line headline goes here Conclusion • Questions or comments? • Contact info: Patrick J.org 12 February 25.org www. 2016 .