Landscape

Plants

Objectives


List & describe the 6 shapes of
trees.
List & describe the 7 shapes of
shrubs.
Describe the factors that are
important in selecting trees or
shrubs.

Types of Plants


Native – plants that are
natural to the area
Exotic – Introduced to the area
Naturalized – were exotic but
have adapted well to the area
and now occur naturally

Trees   Act as the ceiling for the outdoor living room (yard). Provide Shade .

Selecting A Tree  Pay attention to:  Height of tree  How low the branches are to the ground  Density of foliage .

foliage texture. flower and/or fruit bearing  Hardiness . Pay attention to:  Whether the tree is deciduous or evergreen  Seasonal color.

 Pay attention to:  Ease of transplanting  Resistance to Insects or disease .

Types of Trees       Wide-oval Vase-Shaped Pyramidal Round Columnar Weeping .

Wide-oval      Much wider than tall Often a small tree Branches low to the ground Works well to frame & screen A focal point plant .

Wide-oval .

Vase-shaped     High. wide-spreading branches Usually gives excellent shade Allows human activity underneath Make excellent street trees .

Vase-shaped .

high branching trees allow human activity beneath .Pyramidal    Shape is less noticeable as the trees mature Accent plant Large.

Pyramidal .

Round      Width & Height are nearly equal Usually Dense Lawn trees Can be to create grove effects If large. can be used to create heavy shade .

Round .

Columnar     Much taller than wide Accent Plant Frames views & structures Useful in formal settings .

Columnar .

Weeping     Very Graceful Attracts the eye (focal point) Screens Not useful if you want to use the lawn underneath the tree .

Weeping .

Weeping .

Shrubs   Multistemmed Used as the wall element .

Selecting a Shrub  Pay attention to:  The silhouette of the shrub  Its branching structure  Size  Texture & Density  Color Contributions .

 Pay attention to:  Attraction to birds & other wildlife  Existing soil conditions  Hardiness  Resistance to attacks by insects & disease .

Types of Shrubs        Globular Low & Creeping Spreading Arching Pyramidal Upright & Loose Columnar .

.Globular      As wide as is tall Attracts attention Accent plant Use with a single pyramidal to create a strong eye attraction Does not mass very well.

Globular .

Low & Creeping      Low growing Much wider than tall Masses well Use to edge sidewalks or cascade over walls Controls erosion .

Low & Creeping .

privacy & traffic control .Spreading      Wider than tall Medium to large shrub Masses well Use at corners of buildings Useful for screening.

Spreading .

Arching      Wider than tall Graceful Softens corners Background for flowers & statues Provides screening .

Arching .

Pyramidal     Taller than wide Attracts attention Usually evergreen Use to mark entries .

Pyramidal .

Upright & Loose     Taller than wide Used for screening & framing Used to soften buildings Can closely space to create privacy .

Upright & Loose .

Columnar     Width about half of height Flat topped & dense Use for hedges if closely placed Mass closely to create a solid wall .

Columnar .