Present perfect tense
Usage: The present perfect tense
puts emphasis on the result
Ex: She has written five letters.
 expresses an action that is still going on.
Ex: School has not started yet.
 expresses an action that stopped recently
Ex: She has cooked dinner.
 expresses a finished action that has an influence on the present
Ex: I have lost my key.
 expresses an action that has taken place once, never or several
times before the moment of speaking
Ex: I have never been to Australia.

The Present Perfect Tense
Connecting past and present
We use this tense to show a
connection between past
and present situations.

The Present Perfect Tense
Like a bridge between the past and the 
.present
Past

Present

I arrived in Seattle
in 2000.

It is 2009.

Present

I have lived in
Seattle for nine

I have lived in
Seattle since

S. yesterday .I have studied English since 2000 this morning I came to the U.

:To form the present perfect HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE Question Statement I You have We (‘ve) They gone She He has )s(‘ It gone Negative I You have not We (haven’t) They gone Hav e We ?gone The y She Has She has not He (hasn’t) I You He ?gone it .

.Questions . No. they have. they haven’t (=have not).They have studied English since 2000 ?Have they studied English since 2000 Short Answer: Yes.

she hasn’t. she has. She has lived in Seattle since last year.  Has she lived in Seattle since last year?  Yes. .  No.

. How long have you owned this car?  I have owned this car since 2002.  I have owned this car for two years.

Ex: I have lived here since 1998. They have been married since June. We have been at this school since last year. yet. we use the present perfect with since + a point in time. Ex: I have worked here for five years. Ex: Has she ever met someone famous? I have never visited London. yet and still: It can be placed before the main verb (past participle) or at the end of the sentence .  adverbs (ever. already. never. we use the present perfect with for + a period of time. . I’ve never been so sick. They have been married for six months. still) 'Ever' and 'never' are always placed before the past participle.  Since: When talking about a starting point.Already.The adverbs are frequently used in the present :perfect  For: When talking about the length of time (duration). She has lived here for twenty years.

Present Perfect Tense The autumn has already arrived How do you know? .

She has seen the film before. . Interrogative: Have you seen the film before? Has she seen the film before? Negative: They haven’t seen the film before. He hasn’t seen the film before.Present Perfect Tense FORM: have / has + past participle Affirmative: I have seen the film before.

The idea of time or place in the speaker’s mind makes the event recent. A time expression may emphasize recentness: just.Recent events: It is used to describe recent events without a definite time.Present Perfect Tense Uses of the present perfect 1. recently. lately Why are they so happy? They have just won a prize so they are really pleased .

there is not a definite time given.Present Perfect Tense 2.Personal experiences: It is used to express personal experiences. The time expressions ever and never are very often used with this meaning I have never been to Japan. Have you ever been there? .

We use for and since with this meaning. We use for with . the time period is not finished.periods of time and since with points of time I haven’t eaten since yesterday morning.3 continue to the present.Present Perfect Tense It is used to express actions that started in the past and. I am really hungry I haven’t drunk anything for two days. I am terribly thirsty .

Contrast between Present Perfect and Past Simple We use definite expressions with the Past simple tense: yesterday. while we don’t use definite .time expressions with the Present perfect tense I have been to France three times ? When did you go there last I went there last Summer . last week. … ago etc.

He bought it last week. Has anybody phoned me? – Yes.Contrast between Present Perfect and Past Simple      Gerald has bought a new car. I’ve seen that man before. In fact. Have you met Ray? – Yes. – Really? When did you see him? . Joyce phoned an hour ago. I met him when we were students. My parents have been to India. they went there twice last year.

He can tell you wonderful stories about London.Note the difference    He has been to London.  He is still in London.  Now he is here. He has been in London for two weeks. Where’s Peter? He has gone to London.  He is in Italy or on his way to London. .

.Helen/finish /yet/her work Helen hasn’t finished her work yet.

Ali/back/just/from Italy/come Ali has just come back from Italy. .

.Kamal /a camel/never/ride Kamal has never ridden a camel.

Kevin /just/his house/sell Kevin has just sold his house. .

Adam/ in hospital/a week/be Adam has been in hospital for a week. .

.Akram /homework/do/his/already/math Akram has already done his homework.

Pelin/yet/homework/do/her? Has Pelin done her homework yet? .

.Selim /already/his milk/drink Selim has already drunk his milk.

Omar /fall asleep/in class/just Omar has just fallen asleep in class. .

I/never/a big fish/catch/ I’ve never caught a big fish. .

.I/not fly /I was 7 years old/a kite I haven’t flown a kite since I was 7 years old.

yet .

The train hasn’t arrived in Brisbane yet .

already .

I’ve already visited Ayers Rock .

just .

I’ve just seen a very original advertisement .

ever .

Have you ever seen a kangaroo? .

How long .

How long have you stayed in Melbourne? .

for .

Present perfect continuous USAGE: The present perfect continuous tense puts emphasis on the duration or course of an action (not the result) Example: She has been writing for two hours.  .  action that is still going on Example: I have been living here since 2001.  finished action that influenced the present Example: I have been working all afternoon.

how long?.speaking He has not been .speaking I have not been . for 4 years.Form of present perfect :continuous Positive Negative Question I/we/you/they I have been . since 1993.speaking Have I been ?speaking He/she/it He has been . the whole week .speaking Has he been ?speaking Signal Words of Present Perfect Progressive: all day.

NOT the present perfect continuous. Ex: I have known Alice since he was a child.:Reminder Verbs with stative meanings are not used in the progressive. is used with stative verbs to describe the duration of a state that began in the past and continue to the present. . The present perfect. Incorrect: I have been knowing Alice since he was a child.

since 3 o’clock .whole week.result . for 4 years. all day. It but has an influence on the puts emphasis on the present. the . Present perfect continuous Present perfect simple Present perfect Form Present perfect simple Present perfect continuous Have/has + V-ed/ V3 Have/has + been + V-ed/V3 Usage The present perfect simple The present perfect expresses an action that is still progressive expresses an going on or that stopped recently. already. It puts emphasis on the duration or course of the . never.yet.action Adverbs frequently used For. still. etc Example . since .Present perfect simple vs. action that is still going on. how long?.I have written five letters I have been playing football . ever. etc 1993. since.

I’ve done a lot of work lately. They’ve studied English for three years.  We can use the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous with lately and recently. Ex: I’ve been working hard lately. . Ex: They have been studying English for three years. We can use both the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous to describe an activity that started in the past and continues up to the present and possibly into the future.