Community Led Development

160125 Brighton University

Brighton & Hove Community Land Trust

The Brighton & Hove Community Land Trust has been envisioned as
a means to facilitate communities across the greater Brighton &
Hove

area

to

develop

themselves

in

whatever

manner

that

provides the best community benefit.
Primarily

we

are

interested

in

seeing

appropriate

and

sustainable housing developed that will remain affordable in
perpetuity. We will work with local agencies and organisations
that currently seek to serve the housing and communities sector
with the aim of alleviating housing shortage and complexity
through the development of economically, demographically and
socially diverse housing options.
As an organisation we seek to promote productive living through
the extension of existing sustainable systems, technologies and
education,

supporting

appropriate

systems

and

communities
methods

of

to

find

engaging

and

enable

with

issues

relating to their development and benefiting their members.

What is a Community Land Trust?

“They

are

volunteers
facilities

non-profit,
that
or

community-based

develop

other

assets

housing,
that

organisations
workspaces,

meet

the

needs

run

by

community
of

the

community, are owned and controlled by the community and are
made available at permanently affordable levels.”
The community land trust (CLT) is an equitable and sustainable
model of affordable housing and community development. The CLT
model as a vehicle for community development emerged in the
United States and has been adapted to meet the demands of
local communities in the UK.

Community-controlled and community-owned

Open democratic structure

Permanently affordable housing or other assets

Not for profit

Long-term stewardship

Why does Brighton & Hove need a CLT?

Brighton & Hove has a population of 271,952 and shares many
housing related issues with other cities in the South East of
the UK however it’s unique situation between the South Downs
National Park and the sea. With situations relating to London
commuting, house prices being out of reach of most, expanding
universities

increasing

student

and

HMO

numbers

and

a

predominantly young population the housing situation in the
city is as challenging and diverse as it gets.
The primary need for a CLT is set in this context with the
following drivers;

• 20’000

new homes needed by 2030 with only 11’300 planned by

BHCC
• High

housing cost - both purchase and rental

• Increasingly
• Increasing

diverse demographics

demand for community focused development

Communities and opportunities Identified SHLAA & urban fringe sites .

Some community-led labels – not clear cut or mutually exclusive (question critically!) • Community Land Trusts • Housing co-operatives • Intentional communities • Co-housing • Community self-build • Assets of community value (community rights) .

Problematising “community” • Who is included and who is excluded? (Sense of belonging at the expense of others?) • Question apparent consensus or supposed homogeneity (suppression or concealment of difference?) • Who represents “the community”? (NGOs. charities… working FOR the community?) • Power – Who owns what? Who decides and how? .

geographical (neighbourhoods). external and internal spaces designed to promote social interaction – some meals together. growing vegetables.?) • Co-housing as a way to live in individual (family?) houses but sharing activities. ethnic. shared childcare….Intentional communities and cohousing • Different understandings of community . cultural… intentional community • Ways of living together. based on shared values (solidarity….groups generally vary from 15 – 30 dwellings . chosen community.

Stroud • Who owns the common-wealth? • Mixed tenure –owner occupier and housing association Challenge . Dorset Springhill co-housing.the spectre of gated communities Is there a trade-off between inward-looking and outward-looking community? .Problematising co-housing Threshold co-housing.

one mile north of Brighton • Fully mutual housing co-operative .South Downs Eco Housing Cooperative • Project on three hectares of land • On the South Downs.

Brighton Ashley Vale. Netherlan ds . Bristol “Grand designs” – custom build Almere.Community Self-Build? Dryad Cooperative.

4 hectares of land on the edge of Hangleton • Declared 50% ACV – developer negotiating • Localism Act 2011 • Context of Brighton • - scarcity of land for community use.Assets of Community Value (Community Right to to Bid) The Downsman Public House. Hangleton (Hove) • Former pub on 0. the community? − Or some complex negotiation between the three? . including social housing - Market pressure on land and housing. the state. down the railway line from London Who decides about land use? − the market.

The Housing Bill 2015 An overview • Right-to-buy • Starter Homes • Office to residential development rights permitted • Brownfield land • High value local authority housing sell off • Self build and custom house building • Local plans • Nationally projects significant infrastructure • Planning processing by third parties .

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Compete for customers 3.Competitor analysis .Competition leads to innovation 2.Targeting your core audience 5.Competition shakes off complacency 4.(Anti)social Housing “competition is good for business” The capitalist and conservative mantra. Let’s have a look at the 5 reasons why capitalism is good for business (according to Forbes) and what this means for the housing market… 1.

The Market .

The Choices .

driven by the importance of rising property values over and above any other consideration. of the property current and government policy ‘local-authority of assets’. Genuinely mixed communities. also mean more distinctive and exciting places.” Anna Minton Ground Control: Fear and Happiness in the Twenty-First . property and housing for the public good. with diverse populations and more balanced local economy.Community Led Development “There is the way to create properly mixed communities. it would rely on ring fencing land. supported by a planning system which laid out a blueprint for a certain amount of subsidised housing in every locality. This could be done by creating trusts in local areas. but it is selling the off opposite land. rather than the sterile sameness of new places today. Instead. mirroring the civic achievements of the Victorians.

driven by the importance of rising property values over and above any other consideration.Community Led Development “There is the way to create properly mixed communities. with diverse populations and more balanced local economy. mirroring the civic achievements of the Victorians. rather than the sterile sameness of new places today. but it is selling the off opposite land. Genuinely mixed communities. property and housing for the public good. also mean more distinctive and exciting places. supported by a planning system which laid out a blueprint for a certain amount of subsidised housing in every locality. Instead.” Anna Minton Ground Control: Fear and Happiness in the Twenty-First . it would rely on ring fencing land. This could be done by creating trusts in local areas. of the property current and government policy ‘local-authority of assets’.

co-working spaces. some are self-build. or other project forms. some groups take on the role of client and employ professionals. building. has produced an architectural diversity and quality in Berlin over the last fifteen years. Some of these are Architect led. co-op’s. be it in the form of builder collectives or cohousing. living and working.uppen in der Stadt // Builder collectives in the Berlin The self-determined design of space. They following types of organisation: Civil Law Association Leasehold Association Owners Association Limited Liability Corporation Co-op Corporation are commonly one of the .

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uppen in der Stadt // Builder collectives in the Berlin .

Zanderroth Architekten Big Yard .

summer kitchens. apartments Building ecology : Low energy usage. guest Zanderroth Architekten Big Yard . shared heating system Alternative typology for urban development Shared green spaces and gardens Child friendly – internal and visible shared play spaces sauna.Common/shared amenities : Roof terrace.

Zanderroth Architekten Big Yard .

LUDLOFF + LUDLOFF HAUS FL .

company. rubbish containment Mixed use agency. self help coopertation. neighbourhood flea market. space. communal circulation. playground. bike parking. NYE party space. public events space . with : Publishing advertising concert company. organized cooperation between professionals Urban interaction : Sports activities.LUDLOFF + LUDLOFF HAUS FL Common/shared amenities : Infrastructure. Event music school three architects offices Building ecology : Very low energy usage Social focus : Regular communal events and activities. and open spaces.

LUDLOFF + LUDLOFF HAUS FL .

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Walter Segal : 1907 -1985 .

Walter Segal in Bright Self buil .

Walter Segal in Bright Self buil .

Bevendean See-Saw .Walter Segal in Bright Self buil Hedgehog .Whitehawk .

Rural Studio 20k House .

and accommodate potential homeowners who are unable to qualify for commercial credit. The 20K House project gets its name from the highest realistic mortgage a person receiving median Social Security checks can maintain.  To date Rural Studio has designed sixteen versions of the 20K House. The objective of the Rural Studio students is to design and build a model home that could be reproduced on a large scale by a contractor and built for $20.”  .Rural Studio 20k House “The 20K House project began in 2005 as an ongoing Rural Studio research project to address the need for affordable housing in Hale County. provide an alternative to the mobile home.000.

Rural Studio 20k House .

Rural Studio 20k House .

Rural Studio 20k House .

Rural Studio 20k House .

Rural Studio 20k House .

as such we welcome questions and feedback to help us and to help you. If you have any questions please feel free to contact us directly in any of the following ways.org.Any questions? We’re on a journey with the Brighton & Hove Community Land Trust.org.bhclt.uk @BaHCLT www. info@bhclt.uk .