REPORT

BUILDING SERVICES

• AIR CONDITIONING

Submitted By:
Akhil Gupta
B.Arch,VI Sem

WHAT IS AIR CONDITIONING? • • AN IDEAL AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM SHOULD MAINTAIN CORRECT TEMPERATURE. IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO MAINTAIN ALL THE ABOVE FACTORS MENTIONED AND A COMPROMISE SHOULD BE MADE TO MAKE THE SYSTEM ECONOMIC. 3. CLASSIFICATION OF AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM 1. CENTRAL STATION AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM UNITARY A/C SYSTEM DISTRICT A/C SYSTEM SELF CONTAINED AIR CONDITIONED UNITS . 2. 4. ALWAYS. AIR MOVEMENT AND NOISE LEVEL. AIR PURITY. HUMIDITY.

the actual capacity being somewhat smaller. single phase. WINDOW UNITS ARE COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE in nominal capacities of 1 TR.P. In hot and dry climates like delhi.5 TR and 2 TR. Units required for the unit area power connection(220 Volts. . which has a limited depth upto 10 m.WINDOW AIRCONDITIONING UNITS • • • • • • Easiest mode of air conditioning for any space As the name implies. and condensate drain disposal. Window units are recommended for aironditioning of a maximum of upto 100 sq. it is simply mounted in an external window. generally 75 mm above the floor level. AC power) through a 15 amps power socket. efficiency of unit is improved by placing a water tray on top of the unit which evaporatively cools the air used for condensing and refrigerant. The major advantage of window units is the ease of installation and relatively low capital cost. Here TR is TON OF REFRIGERATION. m floor space. and has external periphery to allow mountings of these units. . Rajasthan and others. 1. U.

MAJOR DISADVANTAGES • • • • • • Poor air distribution (supply/ return from same face) Can be best serve for the space upto 5m deep Requires external window for mounting Blocks views. is aesthetically not desirable Generates excessive noise in conditioned area Unit is prone to compressor burn out due to voltage fluctuations MAJOR ADVANTAGES • • • • • INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY LABOUR CHARGES ARE LESSER ZONNING OR ASSEMBLY DUCT WORK IS ELIMINATED FAILURE OF THIS UNIT PUTS OFF CONDITIONING IN ONLY ONE ROOM WHEREAS THE FAILURE OF CENTRAL PLANT OFF-SETS ALL THE ROOMS TO BE SERVED IT CAN MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF EACH ROOM SEPERATELY INDIVIDUAL ROOM CONTROL IS THE SPECIFIC FEATURE OF THIS SYSTEM .

• CENTRAL A/C SYSTEM OFFERS THE ADVANTAGE OF utilizing load diversities consolidated maintenance much lower operating costs.CENTRALISED AIR CONTIONDITIONING SYSTEM • This system is applied for conditioning areas more then 500 sq. • USED IN Cinema halls Auditoriums One or two storey office buildings Libraries Shopping malls Hotels Hospitals . m.

The system may use one of the following method to supply the conditioned air: Air is conditioned in central conditioned room and is supplied to the required rooms with controlled air discharge in each room. 4. The water is chilled in the central conditioned room and is supplied to the required rooms with individual flow control.COMPONENTS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLING A CENTRALISED AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM 1. 2. 3. 5. Individual evaporator in each room with thermostatic flow control or direct expansion system. COOLING AND DIHUMIDIFYING COILS HEATING COILS BLOWER WITH MOTORS SPRAYS FOR COOLING. 6. DEHUMIDIFYING OR WASHING AIR-CLEANING EQUIPMENTS A CONTROL DEVICE The central a/c system serves different rooms through extensive duct work with individual control. 1. 2. .

m area X 3. 40. Each handling unit can serve upto 500 sq.2 m high 100 TR= 70 sq. with emergency lights and fire exit doors. THUMB RULE FOR SIZING PLANT ROOM 50 TR= 50 sq.5 m X 4. m. 120 and 150 TR. • • It generally houses refrigeration machinery as well as air handling units.6 m high • • • Natural ventilation and natural light are desirable but often one has to design only with mechanical ventilation and artificial lighting. . Can serve a maximum of two floors with preferably air handling units serving so as to prevent spread of fire and possible smoke.COMMERCIAL AVAILABILITY – Central DX systems have nominal refrigeration capacities of 20. condensate drain disposal and power supply. m area X 3.5 m X 3m high Services required in AHU room are fresh air. 60. and should be preferably located on the lowest floor. conditioned area and requires a room size of 4. 30.

achieved by cooling towers mounted on roof top. these are expansive(3 to 4 times more than the cooling towers) . by spray ponds outside the building. • SPLIT TYPE A/C UNITS • Split air cooled units of 1TR and 1.• • • AHU room doors must be open outward Generally two walls and ceiling of AHU rooms are acoustically Conventionally these systems are designed for designed for water cooled condensing.5TR capacity are commercially available • This consists of a DX (direct expansion) fan coil unit (which does not make any appreciable noise) installed within conditioned space and an air cooled condensing unit mounted outdoors . the spray pond are aesthetically most desirable. • Whereas. repairs and maintenance of strainers and nozzles. or frequently. require frequent cleaning and change of water and constant removal of falling leaves and algae.

CENTRAL SYSTEM CANNOT MEET THE INDIVIDUAL NEEDS OF EACH ROOM. INDIVIDUAL ROOM TEMPERATURE CANNOT BE CONTROLLED BY THIS SYSTEM. BETTER ACCESSIBILITY FOR MAINTENANCE. DISADVANTAGESOF CENTRALISED AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM 1.ADVANTAGES OF CENTRALISED AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM 1. PLANTS MUST BE KEPT RUNNING EVEN ONLY FEW ROOM IS TO BE AIR-CONDITIONED. IT CAN BE LOCATED AWAY FROM THE AIR-CONDITIONED PLACES WHICH IS USEFUL AND LESS COSTLY. CAPITAL COST AND RUNNING COST ARE LESS PER UNIT REFRIGERATION. 4. 6. ZONNING OR EXTENSIVE DUCT WORK IS TO BE DONE. 5. NOISE AND VIBRATION LEVEL ARE LESS TO THE PEOPLE LIVING IN AIR-CONDITIONED PLACES AS THE AIR-CONDITIONED PLANT ARE FAR AWAY FROM THE AIR-CONDITIONED PLACES. FAILURE OF A/C PLANT OFF-SETS ALL THE ROOMS TO BE SERVED. 3. 4. 3. 2. INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY LABOUR CHARGE IS HIGH. . 2.