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# • Its applications in the industrial gas turbine units the multistage axial compressor is the principle element of all gas-turbine power plants for land and aeronautical application.

Axial Flow Compressor

# similarly wt 1& wt 2are the tangential components of the relative velocities w 1& w 2respectively.

### The following trigonometrical relations obtained from velocity triangles. From velocity triangles at the entry:

• c a1 = c 1 cosα 1 = w 1 cosβ 1 ------------------------------------1

• c t1 = c 1 sinα 1 = c a1 tanα 1 ------------------------------------2

## wt1 =w1 sinβ1

= c a1 tanβ 1 ------------------------------------3

## u=ct1 +wt1

-----------------------------------4

## tanβ1

-----------------------------------5

) ------------------------------------6

## From velocity triangles at the exit:

• c a2 = c 2 cosα 2 = w 2 cosβ 2 ------------------------------------7

## wt2 =w2 sinβ2

= c a2 tanα 2 ------------------------------------8 = c a2 tanβ 2 ------------------------------------9

u = c t2 + w t2 ------------------------------------10

## u

= c 2 sinα 2 + w 2 sinβ 2 -----------------------------------11

## tanβ 2

) ------------------------------------12

# for constant axial velocity through the stage:

a1

a

## =ca2 =ca3 =ca

------------------------------------13

## cosα 2 = w 2 cosβ 2

------------------------------------14

) ------15

w t1

c t1

## = w t1 - w t2

-----------------------------------16

# It is the ratio b/w ideal work input to the actual work input.

W ideal = h 03’ h 01

# = Cp(T 03’– T 01)

W actual = h 03 h 01

W actual

# it is defined as the actual stagnation enthalpy rise in the stage to enthalpy equivalent of peripheral speed of rotor.

Degree of reaction

Compressor Stall

3
2
P
0
1
Inlet
Diffuser
Impeller
Casing
Channel

# Energy transfer equation from thermodynamic analysis W = E = h 02- h 01= C p(T 02– T 01)= C pT 01(r c(γ-1/γ) -1) =

u 2 2

C p T 01 (r c (γ-1/γ) -1)

# The blades of the compressor or either forward curved or backward curved or radial. Backward curved blades were used in the older compressors, whereas the modern centrifugal compressors use mostly radial blades.

Since the change in radius between the entry and exit of the
impeller is large the impeller velocities at these stations are
different.
=
u 1
=
u 2

W actual

W isen

# =

C p T 01 (r c (γ-1/γ) -1) C p T 01 (r cm (γ-1/γ) -1)

# =

C p T 01 (r c (γ-1/γ) -1)

2

# At the point of ignition all the droplets may not have been evaporated and mixed -hence some of them may burn as liquid droplets in a surrounding air.

Flame
Mixing of Secondary air
Front
Injection and Evaporation
Delivery of
Uniform gas
flow