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Badan Otonom Komunitas

Sains Teknik
Departemen Bahasa dan
Komunikasi
Introduction to British
Parliamentary Debate

British Parliamentary Debate
Format
 I. Motions
 II. Procedures
 III.

Order of Speeches & Speaker Titles

 IV. Speaker Roles & Responsibilities
 V. Points of Information
 VI. How your debate will be evaluated

Motions: For & Against A motion is a statement provided by the Tournament Director that will become the subject of the debate. or a proposition. a resolution.Motions  -.  -.Examples . A motion is sometimes called a debate topic.

 3. China should ban tobacco products. Cars do more Harm than Good.  6. .  5 .  4.  8.  2. This House believes thatWomen should earn equal pay for equal work. This House believes that College students should have part-time jobs. The Younger Generation Knows Best. Money is the Most Important Thing in Life.  7 . It is a Good Thing to Live in a Modern City. China should institute real estate price tighening in second-t ier cities.Examples of Motions  1.

Procedure for Each Debate  Positions of teams are posted on the “draw. nor can they consult their teammates or teachers  Debate begins  Timing .”  Motions announcement to all teams  15-30 minutes preparation  Teams of the same side do not prepare with one another.

Timing  7 minutes for each speech  Protected Time: First and last minute  A single knock on table or sounding of a bell announces protected time  double knock or bell signals the end of your speech.  Your speeches will be timed by a timekeeper or by the judge .

Lower House Upper House  Government Opposition  Government:  Supporting Motion 2 upper Government Speakers For Against 2 lower Government Speakers Motion  Opposition:  Arguing against Motion 2 upper opposition Speakers 2 lower opposition Speakers  Lower House .Four Teams  Teams Members: 4 Teams --.8 Debaters Upper House --.

Names of Speakers Upper House (Opening)   Prime Minister  Upper House (Opening) PM LO  Leader of the Opposition  Deputy Prime Minister  DPM DLO  MG  GW  Deputy Leader of the Opposition Lower House (Closing) MO  Member of Government  Member of Opposition  Government Whip  Opposition Whip OW Lower House (Closing) .

2nd Opposition Team  Government Whip. 2nd Opposition Team MO GW  OW Lower House (Closing) . 2nd Government Team  Member of Opposition. 1st Government Team PM   DPM DLO  MG  Deputy Leader of the Opposition.Order of Speakers Upper House (Opening) Upper House (Opening)   Prime Minister. 1 st Opposition Team LO Lower House (Closing)  Member of Government. 1st Opposition Team  Deputy Prime Minister. 2nd Government Team  Opposition Whip. 1st Government Team  Leader of the Opposition.

a member of an opposing team.Point of Information Who --.by rising and extending hand or by saying “on that point. How to offer --. What --.comments. question….protected time (the first and the last minute).Points of Information  POI --. Sir/Madam”  NO POI --.  Time --.15 seconds or less . statement.

Speaker Roles and Responsibilities .

Defines and interprets the motion Defining ambiguous terms Interpreting focuses the motion so it is clear and debatable --.Develops a case for the proposition in support of the motion --.Prime Minister st --.Case should consist of one or more arguments supporting the PM’s interpretation of the motion --.1 Speaker -.Case must be prima facie—strong enough to be accepted on “its first face.” Upper House .

Refutes the case of the first Government  -.2nd Speaker: Leader of Opposition  -.Accepts the definition of the motion  -.Construct one or more arguments against the Prime Minister's interpretation of the motion Upper House .

Refutes the case of the first opposition  -.Rebuilds the case of the first Government  -.Adds one or more new arguments to the case of the first Government Upper House .Deputy Prime Minister  -.3rd Speaker -.

Continues refutation of case of 1st Government with emphasis on any new arguments introduced by the DPM  -.Rebuilds arguments of the 1st opposition.Adds new arguments to the case of the 1st opposition.  -. Upper House .4th Speaker – Deputy Leader of Opposition  -.

Develops a new argument that is different from but consitent with the case of the 1st Government (frequently called an extension) Lower House .Continues refutation of 1st opposition arguments  -.5th Speaker – Member of Government  --Defends the general direction and case of the 1st Government  -.

Provides more specific refutation of the MG extension.Very briefly defends the general direction taken by the 1st opposition  -.Develops an opposition extension.  -.Very briefly continues general refutation of 1st proposition case  -. Lower House .6th Speaker – Member of Opposition  -.

 --.Defends the general view point of both proposition teams with a special eye toward the case of the 2nd proposition. Lower House .Summarizes the entire debate from the point of view of the proposition  --.7th Speaker – Government Whip  --.Does not provide new arguments.

Does not provide new arguments. Lower House  --. .Summarizes the entire debate from the point of view of the opposition  --.Defends the general view point of both opposition teams with a special eye toward the argument of the MO.8th Speaker – Opposition Whip  --.

How You Will Be Evaluated and Adjudicated  In general. usually 3 members  One Chairperson/Speaker (designated by the organizers) --.This person also announce the result & comment on whole debate . they still will focus on the  Usually a panel of adjudicators although sometimes a single one  An odd number of panel.  Although your speaking ability influences how adjudicators respond to your arguments.This person will introduce and manage the debate the --. you will be evaluated on the strength of your arguments.

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