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Chapter 5

Arrival Charts

Chapter 5 Arrival Charts
§5.1 Introduction
§5.2 The Layout & Information of
STAR Charts
§5.3 Example

§5.1 Introduction
Standard terminal arrival route (STAR)
procedures provide a method for leaving
the enroute structure and transitioning
into a busy or congested terminal area.
They typically terminate with an instrument
or visual approach procedures.

For Example: .STAR propose: STARs are designed to simplify arrival procedures for pilots and air traffic controllers by streamlining ATC instructions for frequently used arrival patterns.

STAR identifier ARRIVAL identifier .

1.2 Locating Arrival Charts Arrival charts are normally filed in the Jeppesen Airway Manual before the departure charts for the corresponding airport. . A white-on-black box located on the upper right corner of the chart identifies the chart as a STAR.§5.

How to find a arrival chart for a particular airport: • Look up the city in which the airport is located. .

.• Look up the airport name.

• The index number at the top of the chart ends in "0-2" for arrival charts. .

their index numbers are listed in alphabetic sequence. .When more than one arrival chart exists for an airport.

• One or several arrival procedures may be displayed on one chart. with the name of the arrival listed at the top of the plan view section. .

.Some airports may use arrival procedures for another airport in the area.

§ 5.2 The Layout & Information of STAR Charts • • • • • • The Heading Plan View Heading Border Communications Transition Altitude/Level Restrictions .

2.§5. Revised Dates Primary Airport Name Location Name Effective Dates Index Number Chart Procedure Identifier . contains standard information to help you quickly identify and retrieve the proper arrival procedure.1.1 Heading Border The heading border data located at the top border of each Jeppesen arrival chart.

Chart procedure identifier • STAR • ARRIVAL Chart Procedure Identifier • LOST COMM STAR: A LOST COMM provides arrival procedures that address only lost communication procedures. .

Location Name .

Primary Airport Name .

Chart Index Number .

Dates .

§5.2 Communications • D-ATIS: This symbol indicates that digital ATIS (Automatic Terminal Informal Service) is available for those aircraft that have the equipment to receive it. • *ATIS .1.2.

3 Transition Level and Altitude .2.§5.1.

§5. the chart title may include any number of restrictions.1.2.4 Chart Restrictions In addition to the name of the arrival. such as: • Type of aircraft • Speed • Onboard Equipment • Ground-based Equipment • Abatement Procedure .

or non-turbojet airplanes. . turboprop.Type of Aircraft Some routes are designated specifically for jet.

.Speed Restrictions on speed are often noted in a reverse type box with several criteria for the pilot to follow.

special procedures might be required if certain equipment is not available. for example. GPS. DME.Onboard Equipment Some arrivals are designed for aircraft with specific equipment. or in this case. . or RNAV. Equipment required may be specified in the title.

it may include restrictions if that equipment is not operative. primary navigation is conducted using the Glasgow NDB as an alternative navaid. In this situation.Ground-based Equipment When an arrival is based on specific groundbased equipment. . you only use this chart when the Glasgow VOR is unserviceable. in this chart. For example.

Abatement Procedure .

§5.2 Plan View • • • • • • Chart Naming and Numbering Orientation Airports Navaids and Fixes Flight Tracks Navigation Planning .2.

they are distinguished numerically (if the procedure name does not include a number) or alphabetically (if the procedure name does include a number).2.2.1 Chart Naming and Numbering Generally.§5. . arrival procedures are named after the first fix on the STAR . Sometimes a plan view displays more than one arrival procedures. When several arrivals are named from the same fix .

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the STAR name is usually the same as the last fix on the enroute transitions where they come together to begin the STAR.Typically in the United States. In these cases. transition routes guide pilots from the enroute structure to a specific fix in the STAR. .

” followed by the designations of applicable runways for the route charted.A few arrival charts. such as the 10-2A chart for Warsaw. . These charts represent preferred arrival routes approaching the airport. are simply named “ARRIVAL PROCEDURE.

a number of other important data may be listed: • Computer code • Arrival type • Arrival direction • Runway designation .With the arrival name.

Computer Code For airports that have computerized their route identification for flight planning/filing purposes. This is omitted when there are no computerized routes for an airport. the computer code for a particular arrival procedure is displayed in parentheses following the route name. .

For more information about the different types of arrivals. see the Flying an Arrival lesson later in this course.Arrival Type The type of arrival is enclosed in parenthesis following the name of the arrival. GPS. DME. or LOST COMMS. VECTOR. RNAV. Arrival types could be: PILOT NAV. .

Arrival Direction Many large airports have an arrival covering each of primary directions that an aircraft might approach an airport. such as “FROM EAST” .

they are specified in the plan view of the chart. .Runway Designation If an arrival applies to specific runways. Otherwise . these will be listed just below the title.

§5.2 Orientation North arrow Not To Scale .2.2.

Arrival charts may include any of the following types of boundaries: • Region borders between countries or states • Transition level boundaries • Special use airspace boundaries .

Region Borders .

Transition level boundaries

Special Use Airspace
Boundaries
When special use areas (SUAs) are referenced in
the arrival procedure, they are charted on the
plan view. In addition to the outlined depiction for
the area, the following information may be
included:
• Identifier: The Identifier includes three items of
information: the country code (on U.S. charts the
country designation is omitted), the type of SUA
— (P)rohibited, (D)anger, or (R)estricted — and a
sequential number.

• Lower and upper limits
• Time of operation
When times of operation and limits are
omitted, refer to the corresponding enroute
chart for additional information.

The primary airport is displayed in the plan view by as a shaded circular area.2. referred to as the primary airport.3 Airports Most arrival charts are designed for one airport .§5. . centered on an outlined sketch of all active or temporarily closed runways.2.

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. the elevations and runway information are listed nearby the airports. Also.When the procedure also serves other airports. a notation is included in the plan view lists the additional airports served.

.these fixes may be defined by their relative position to various navaids.§5.4 Navaids and Fixes Arrival routes are defined by various navigation facilities in the area.2. as well as latitude and longitude positioning.2. the arrival chart shows all the navaids that define the route within the plan view section of the chart. Typically. Also.Again . there may be designated locations that provides a means for checking the progress of your flight . along the route.

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Navaid On the STAR chart. the navaid has not the symbol of the magnetic north! .

frequency. . and Morse code.Occasionally. the plan view provides the navaid identifier. In lieu of the navaid symbol . a chart references a navaid that is not located on the chart .

2.§5.2.5 Flight Tracks • • • • • Arrival Tracks Transition Routes Radar Vectors Holding Patterns Visual Flight Tracks .

In this case. or to. solid line with a prominent arrowhead at the end of the route segment. you fly a heading rather than receive positive course. the letter “hdg” are printed with the magnetic bearing. On some routes. a specific navaid. These tracks are typically annotated with the following information: • The magnetic course given as bearing from. .Arrivals Tracks An arrival track is depicted as bold.

MOCAs. the number is preceded by the letter D. Occasionally. as flight level.• The distance in nautical miles. or . when the altitude is preceded by the letters FL. • The expected altitude at which you will fly the segment. the distance will also be given in DME. or MAAs. In such cases. Altitudes are established above mean sea level in feet. Altitudes may be given as either MEAs. .

000 feet. The MEA is the most common altitude shown on arrival charts.000 feet obstacle clearance in non-mountainous terrain areas.000 feet obstacle clearance.MEA The MEA is the minimum enroute altitude that guarantees navigation radio reception for the stations that define the route and least 1. . the MEA guarantees 2. For areas with mountainous terrain. the MEA between the JASON and GILBY intersections on Washington’s Jasen Three arrival is 5. For example.

you are guaranteed obstacle clearance. but navigation radio reception is only assured within 22 nautical miles of the station. When this altitude is maintained.MOCA The MOCA is the Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude. MOCA altitudes are shown in the same manner as MEA altitudes. . except that the letter “T” follows the altitude limit.

It is the highest altitude on a Federal airway. jet route. or other direct route for which an MEA is designated at which adequate reception of navigation signals is assured. .MAA A maximum authorized altitude (MAA) is a ublished altitude representing the maximum usable altitude or flight level for an airspace structure or route segment. RNAV low or high route.

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Holding Patterns Outbound Bearing Holding Fix Inbound Bearing Hold altitude: • MHA: minimum holding altitude • MAX: maximum holding altitude .

The second figure is the outbound limit.Leg limit :When DME figures are associated with a holding course symbol. . the first denotes the location of the holding fix.

Time limit Holding speed limit .

2.6 Navigation Planning • • • • Routing information Descent planning Lost communications procedures Speed limit procedures .2.§5.

when provided. . give written details of each arrival route and transition. The text is separated and labeled in a manner that helps you clearly distinguish each flight track in the procedure.Routing Information Textual descriptions.

Descent Planning .

or when other instructions are published in a lost communications procedures. you are expected to follow standard lost communications procedures unless you have been advised to expected a specific clearance. .Lost Communications Procedures When communication with ATC are lost while on an IFR flight.

lost communications procedures are published in the plan view section of arrival chart.For many arrivals. . within a crosshatched or “LOST COMMS” border.

within “ ” border. lost communications procedures are published in the plan view section of arrival chart.In some airport. .

If there is a individual published lost communication procedure for a specific airport. Meanwhile. . the STAR is displayed individually . “LOST COMMUNICATION” is labeled nearby the type of arrival procedures.

the limit is typically part of procedure title.000feet. .you have a max IAS of 250 knots. when the speed limits apply to the entire procedure. no matter where on the procedure you are. if you are below 10. In this case. as shown here.Altitude & Speed Limits Arrival charts often include speed limit restrictions or procedures for all or parts of the arrival procedure.

FRANKFURT/MAIN Airport .

. speed limits may simply be annotated to the portion of procedure to which they apply.In other cases.

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Finally. . some speed limits are included as a boxed procedure.

§5.3 Example • • • • • Flight Planning for Arrivals Flying a Standard Arrival Flying an RNAV Arrival Flying with Lost Communications Flying a Visual Arrival .

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.When flying a visual arrival. you want to note the minimum safe altitude (MSA).