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(Epidemology

)
The increase of Air Pollution Standards Index (ISPU) to Acute Respiratory
Infections (ISPA) patients in Gambut District
Rector Of Lambung Mangkurat University

Head Of Environmental
Engineering Lambung
Mangkurat University

Dr, Rony Riduan, S.T.,
MT.

Prof. Dr. H. Sutarto Hadi, M.Si,
M.Sc.

Dean Of the faculty of engineering
Lambung Mangkurat University

Dr-Ing Yulian Firmana Arifin,
S.T., M.T.

DOSEN :
Prof. Dr. Qomariyatus S, Amd., Hyp., ST., Mkes

Nova Annisa, S.Si.Ms

Nama Kelompok :

Nasrullah Akbar Muthahhari

M. Hendra Firmadi
Linda Liani

THE STUDY PROGRAM OF ENVIRONMENTAL
FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
LAMBUNG MANGKURAT UNIVERSITY
BANJARBARU
2015

Background
The increased activity of human life have significant impact to the
environment, especially to the air. The  changes in air caused by  contaminants
mixed in the air, which makes the air composition changes and passed its
threshold. The composition of air that passes through the threshold would have
a negative impact on human health because air is a major need for human

Main Problem

Relationship between the level of Air Pollution Standards Index (ISPU) to
patients of symptoms of acute respiratory infection (ISPA ) in Gambut District
.
To identify the level of quality of air in Gambut District.

Purpose of
Research

Benefit of
Research

To determine the cause of the increase in Figures of ISPU and
its influence to the number of people with ISPA in Gambut
District
1. to determine the factors that increase the rate of ISPU that have
an impact on human health
2. can be used as knowledge of the causes of the symptoms of
acute respiratory infection (ISPA)

REFERENCE

Definition of
ISPA

Definition of Air
(Ayuko, 2015)

Composition of
Air (Nugraha dkk,
2012)

(Robiah, 2014)

Etiology
(Wahyu, 2014)

Transmission of
ISPA

Air Pollution
(PP. no 41, 1999)

(Robiah, 2014)

2002)

2007)

(Hajisanjaya, 2012)

(Depkes, 200)

Pollutant
Substances
(Nurhasmawaty,
Impact of Air
Pollution
ISPU
(Desira, 2014)

Symtoms of
ISPA
(Notoatmodjo,
Risk Factors of
ISPA

Method
Air sampling

Collecting data of ISPA
patients

ISPU calculation

Result
ISPU calculation using dust parameter TSP

August-September
 

ISPU

ISPA

2014

45

149

2015

171

516

Discussion
Based on the results of study in August-September 2015, in Gambut District ISPU
reached 171 and categorized as UNHEALTHY and based on data from sub-district
health centers there are 516 cases of ISPA in August - September 2015 .

Factors That Contribute to the occurrence of
ISPA
2 Factors

Environment

Behavior of Living Clean
and Healthy

The Influence of ISPU to ISPA patients

Results of the comparison of research between August-September showed
there are 45 cases of ISPU with 149 cases of ISPA in 2014, and 171 cases of
ISPU with 516 cases of ISPA in 2015. This could shows that there are an
increase in ISPA cases when the ISPU figures increased.

Pengidap ISPA
ISPU

Agustus-September 2014

Agustus - September 2015

Resume
Kesimpulan
The increase of ISPU affect the number of people with ISPA in Gambut
District
 The Dust (TSP) derived from human activity can increase ISPU figures

Recommendation

Community should enhance public awareness by maintaining good
environment and good living quarters as well as paying more attention
to the health condition

References
Depkes. (2008). Tembakau dan Prevelensi Konsumsi di
Indonesia.
Jakarta: Depkes.
Robiah Hasanah. (2011). Hubungan Kejadian Infeksi
Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) Pada Balita Dengan
Pemukiman di Sekitar
Transportasi Tongkang
Batubara di Sungai Barito Kecamatan Tabunganen.
Banjarbaru.
Wahyu Rismadi. (2014). Faktor Resiko Kejadian Infeksi
Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) Pada Balita di Desa
Sungai Kitano
Kabupaten Banjar. Banjarbaru.
Wahyu Rismadi. (2014). Faktor Resiko Kejadian Infeksi
Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) Pada Balita di Desa
Sungai Kitano
Kabupaten Banjar. Banjarbaru.
Adi Nugraha, Aditya Nugraha, Febi Febriansyah, Gia Moch
Ramdhan.
(2012). Penggunaan Feron dan Dampaknya
terhadap
penipisan Lapisan Ozon.

Attachment

Documentation Of Sampling