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SEQUENCE  Satellite  Satellite  Satellite Launch Vehicles Launch Vehicles Design  Disciplines Involved  Objective Functions  Design Variables  System Parameters  Constraints and Bound  Conclusion 2 .

Earth is an example of a natural satellite of sun. similarly moon is a satellite of earth.SATELLITE  Satellites are celestial bodies which revolve round another celestial body in an orbit. Artificial Satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into an orbit to revolve around Earth to perform a specific task 3 .

SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLES  Satellite launch vehicle is a rocket-powered vehicle used to transport a spacecraft beyond Earth’s atmosphere. either into orbit around Earth or to some other destination in outer space 4 .

SLV DESIGN  Design of a surveillance satellite to keep a constant eye on any suspicious activity along the Pak-India border including detection of any major movement of Indian forces along the whole length of border area 5 .

Computer Engineering Design of onboard data handling which includes onboard computers and computer buses Software Engineering Design of onboard software which runs all the onboard applications as well as low level control software Electrical Engineering Design of power subsystem for generation. storage and distribution of electrical power to onboard equipment Controls Engineering Design of Attitude and Orbit Control (AOCS) System Aerodynamics For mission launch / flight / landing design Thermal Design of Thermal Control subsystem Propulsion Design of propulsion subsystems which actually transports the spacecraft to the desired orbits Mechanical For design of spacecraft structure and mechanics 6 .DISCIPLINES INVOLVED Discipline Purpose / Contribution Aeronautics / Astronautics Mission design and derivation of design requirements Systems Engineering For maintaining design baseline and derivation of subsystem requirements Communications Engineering Telemetry. Tracking and Command (TTC) Subsystem design.

movement or major infrastructure development by Indian Army and Air Force 7 .OBJECTIVE FUNCTIONS  Surveillance  To detect all kinds of suspicious activities along the border in near real time  To collect data regarding any military activity. including exercises.

DESIGN VARIABLES  Payload  We can vary the payload including a high resolution reconnaissance camera to achieve the assigned task  Propulsion  Propulsion system can also be tailored according to mission requirement 8 .

DESIGN VARIABLES  Onboard Electronics  Onboard electronics system can be selected and changed as per mission requirements  Shape / Structure  Overall aerodynamics shape and structure of the SLV can be varied depending upon the assigned task 9 .

SYSTEM PARAMETERS  Orbit / Altitude  Orbit / Altitude at which the satellite is to be placed can be chosen as design parameter. as we can fix it within Low Earth Orbit (LEO) to meet the mission objectives  Orbital Speed  Similarly orbital speed is also a system parameter which can be fixed as per our mission requirements 10 .

improvement need to be stopped at some point  International Rules and Regulations  Cannot violate International regulations on the subject rules and 11 .CONSTRAINTS AND BOUNDS  Cost / Budget  The maximum amount of budget allocated for the project is the biggest constraint  Schedule  In order to meet operation by a certain date.

CONSTRAINTS AND BOUNDS  Available Technology  Current space technology and facilities available with Pakistan is also a limiting factor  Political Challenges  Every changing political situation also becomes a constraint in most of the cases  Security of Data  The security of data so available from the satellite is also a constraint as we do not want any third person to obtain or hack or satellite 12 .

parameters and constraints have been explained 13 .CONCLUSION  In this presentation just a fair idea about the preliminary design phase has been given  Various examples of design objectives. variables.