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MACHINE DESIGN 1

MULTIPLATE CLUTCH

By:Nirav

patel

10ME027

What is clutch?
A Clutch is a machine
member used to connect
the driving shaft to a driven
shaft, so that the driven
shaft may be started or
stopped at will, without
stopping the driving shaft.

Function Of Clutch
Clutch

is used to transmit power from


driven shaft to driving shaft.
In automobiles, where vehicle can be
stopped for a while or to change the gear,
the requirement is that the driven shaft
should stop but the engine should run
naturally under the no load condition.
This is achieved by using clutch mounted
between engine shaft and gearbox shaft
and which is operated by a lever.

Types Of Clutch
Types of
Clutches

Positive
Clutch

Friction
Clutch
Plate Or
Disc
Clutch
Single
plate
clutch

Cone
Clutch

Multiplat
e Clutch

Centrifug
al Clutch

Single Plate clutch

Design of clutch plate


r
R1
R2

R2
R1

Single Plate Clutch


W=total

axial load

R1=External

radius of clutch plate

R2=internal

radius of the clutch plate

P=intensity

of pressure between contacting

surfaces.
=coefficient

of friction between
contacting surfaces

Single Plate Clutch


Consider

a elemental ring of
radius r and thickness r on the
contacting surface.
therefore,
Area of the ring on contacting
A 2 r r
surface is,
Axial

load on the ring is,


W p 2 r r of the ring
W=pressureArea

Single Plate Clutch


Frictional

resistance offered by ring is,

Fr W

Fr (p 2 r r) 2 p r r
Frictional

torque acting on the ring is,

T r Fr r
Tr 2 p r r.r 2 p r r
2

(1)

Single Plate Clutch


Torque

transmitted by single
plate clutch is obtained by
considering following two
assumptions
(a)uniform pressure theory
(b)uniform wear theory

Single Plate Clutch


(a)uniform pressure theory:
Assuming that the intensity of pressure over
the entire contacting surface area is
constant,
Then, p=constant

load
W
p

contacting surface area R 12 R 2 2

Total

.(2)

torque transmitted by single plate


clutch can be obtain by integrating Equation

Single Plate Clutch


(1)within
T

R1

R2

limit R2 to R1 we

2
2

p
r
r

R1

R2

r 2 p
r
2 p
3

R2

R1

2
r
r

2
3
3
p R1 R 2
3

[p=Constant]

2
W
3
3

R
1
2
2
2
3
R1 R 2

R 13 R 2 3
2
W
2
2
3
R1 R 2

W
2
2
R1 R 2

.(A)

Equation (A) gives the torque transmitted by


single plate clutch due to friction considering
uniform pressure theory.

Single Plate Clutch


(b) Uniform Wear Theory
In

this theory, we are considering that


wear which take place is uniform over
the entire contacting surface i.e.
P.r=constant
P.r=C
P=C/r
...(3)

Single Plate Clutch


Axial

load acting on the ring is


W=p 2 r r
C
2 C r
r

W=2 C r
(4)
Integrating
above
Equation(4)
R
w
within limit
we get,
W
2 C r
1

R2

Single Plate Clutch


W 2 C r

R1
R2

2 C R 1 R 2

W
C
2 R 1 R 2
We

.(5)

know that frictional torque acting on ring

is,

r 2 p r r
2

C 2
r 2 r r r 2 C r r
r

.(6)

Single Plate Clutch


Torque

transmitted by single
plate clutch can be obtain by
integrating the Equation (4 )
R the limit R2 to R1 we get,
T
within

C r r

R2

R2

2 C r r
R2

2 C
2
2

R1

R2

R
2 C

2
1

R2
2

Single Plate Clutch

W
2
2

R1 R 2
2 R 1 R 2

1
R1 R 2
W
R1 R 2
2

1
W R 1 R2
2

This is the torque transmitted by


single plate due to friction
considering uniform wear theory.

Single Plate Clutch


Power

transmitted by single plate


clutch is given by,

P
2 N
P
Watt
60
where, N Speed of shaft in rpm

Multiplate Clutch
Multiplate

clutch is used
when large torque is to be
transmitted e.g. motor cars
and machine tools
Multiplate clutch is used
when compact construction is
required e.g. scooters and
motor cycles.

For multiplate clutch


For

uniform pressure theory,

R 13 R 2 3
2
n W
2
2
3
R1 R 2

For

uniform wear theory,

1
n W R 1 R 2
2

Multiplate Clutch
Notes:

In case of new clutch ,the intensity of pressure


is uniform along the surface of clutch but in
case of old clutch uniform theory is more
correct.

For single plate clutch normally both sides of


the plate are effective .there for single plate
clutch has two pairs of contacting surface i.e.
n=2.

In actual practice, usually the theory of


uniform wear is used in analysis of clutch.

Intensity

of pressure is maximum at the


inner radius R2 of the friction or contact
surface,
Pmax R 2 C OR Pmax

R2

Intensity

of pressure is minimum at the


inner radius R1 of the friction or contact
surface,
Pmax R 1 C OR Pmax

C
R1

In mutilate disc clutch


n1 no of disc on driving shaft
n2 no of disc on driven shaft
So no. of pairs in contact,

n n1 n 2 1

Multiplate clutch

Clutch plate

THANK YOU.