The Social

Eribal, Kathleen
Intas, Rose Antoniette

Lasap, Kayla Celine
Torda, Vanessa Jayniel
Fadrigo, Maria Cindy

The Human Person – Central
to the Social Order
• All social life is an expression of its
unmistakable protagonist: the human person.
The Church has many times, and in many
ways, been the authoritative advocate of this
understanding, recognizing and affirming the
centrality of the human person in very sector
and expression of society. The human person
must always remain, its subject, foundation

every expression of society must be directed towards the human person. therefore. and society cannot refuse to recognize its active and responsible subject. found in the human person. (CSDC 106) .The origin of social life is.

Society Founded on Truth • Men and women have the specific duty to always move towards the truth. Living in the truth has special significance in social relationships. to respect it. and bear responsible witness to it. .

the more they distance themselves from abuses and act in accordance with the objective .• When the coexistence of human beings within a community is founded on truth. The more people and social groups strive to resolve social problems according to the truth. and it corresponds to their dignity as persons. it is ordered and fruitful.

Pope Pius XI refers to it with the equally meaningful term. to the good of all and of each individual (SRS 8). Homily for the Closing of .Solidarity • It is a social principle that consist in the firm and persevering determination to commit oneself to the common good. QA 3. expanding the concept to cover the many modern aspects of the social question. ‘social charity’. that is to say. RN 25. • Pope Leo XIII uses the term ‘friendship’. Pope Paul VI. speaks of a ‘civilization of love’ (cf.

but as our ‘neighbor. with a work capacity and physical strength to be exploited at low cost and then discarded when no longer useful. on a par with ourselves. in the banquet of life to which all are equally invited by God. because they have a greater share of goods and common services.’ a ‘helper’ (cf. Gn 2:18-20) to be made a sharer. • Those who are more influential. people or nation. should feel responsible for the weaker and be ready to share .Concrete Indications (SRS 39): • Each one recognizes one another as persons. whether a person. Solidarity helps us to see the other ‘other’. not just as some kind of instrument.

should not adopt a purely passive attitude or one that is destructive of the social fabric. but respect the . in their turn. for their part.• Those who are weaker. should not selfishly insist on their particular interests. • The intermediate groups. but. should do what they can for the good of all. in the same spirit of solidarity. while claiming their legitimate rights.

. always with a view to the common good” (CA 48.Subsidiarity • The principle of subsidiarity indicates that “a community of a higher order should not interfere in the internal life of a community of a lower order. but rather should support it in case of need and help to coordinate its activities of the rest of the society. depriving the latter of its functions.

He entrusts to every creature the functions it is capable of performing.God has not willed to reserve to Himself all exercise of power. This mode of governance ought to be followed in social life. should inspire the wisdom of those who govern human . which bears witness to such great regard for human freedom. The way God acts in governing the world. according to the capacities of its own nature.

The principle of subsidiarity is *Opposed to all forms of collectivism *Sets limits for state intervention. *Aims at harmonizing the relationships between individuals and societies.1885) .CCC 1883. and *Tends toward the establishment of true international order (CSDC 134.

to furnish help to the members of the body social. and never destroy . and at the same time. of its very nature. For every social activity ought.The principle of subsidiarity is indicated as a most important principle of "social philosophy". so also it is an injustice. to assign to a greater and higher association what lesser and subordinate organizations can do. "Just as it gravely wrong to take from individuals what they can accomplish by their own initiative and industry and give it to the community. a grave evil and distrurbance of right order.

de facto. development – with respect to lower-order societies. • Negative Sense: the State is required to refrain from anything that would. institutional or juridical assistance offered to lesser social entities. all societies of a superior order must adopt attitudes of help (“subsidium”) – therefore.On the basis of this principle. freedom. and responsibility must not be supplanted. promotion. Subsidiarity in two senses: • Positive Sense: economic. of support. Their initiative. . restrict the existential space of the smaller essential cells of society.

limits.Concrete Indications • The principle of subsidiarity protects people from abuses by higher-level social authority and calls on these same authorities to help individuals and intermediate groups to fulfill their duties. • This principle is imperative because every person. • Experience shows that the denial of subsidiarity. or its limitation in the name of an alleged democratization o equality of all members of society. (CSDC . and sometimes even destroys. the spirit of freedom and initiative. family and intermediate group has something original to offer to the community.

each with its own distinctive . there is a corresponding need for: • Respect and effective promotion of the human person and the family. • Ever greater appreciation of associations and intermediate organizations in their fundamental choices and in those that cannot be delegated to or exercised by others.For the principle of subsidiarity to be put into practice. • The encouragement of private initiative so that every social entity remains at the service of the common good.

• The presence of pluralism in society and due • • • • representation of its vital components. (CSDC 187) . Striking a balance between the public and private spheres. Bringing about bureaucratic and administrative decentralization. Safeguarding human rights and rights of minorities. with the resulting recognition of the social function of the private Appropriate methods for making citizens more responsible in actively “being a part” of the political and social reality of their country.

• Participation is a duty to be fulfilled consciously by all. .Participation • The characteristic implication of subsidiarity is participation: • It is expressed essentially in a series of activities by means of which the citizen. contributes to the cultural. either as an individual or in association with others. political and social life of the civil community to which s/he belong. economic. whether directly or through representation.

to which everyone has a right (1999 World Day of Peace Message 6). (CSDC 143) • The dignity of the human person involves the right to take an active part in public affairs and to contribute one’s part to the common good of the citizens. But this right means nothing when the democratic process breaks down because of corruption and favoritism. which only obstruct legitimate sharing in the exercise of power but also prevent people from benefitting equally from community assets and services.• All citizens have the right to participate in the life of their community: this is a conviction which is generally shared today. (PT 26) .

to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily(GS 26). either as groups or as individuals. .The Common Good • The common good is to be understood as the sum total of social conditions which allow people.

it is the proper function a=of authority to make accessible to each what is needed to lead a truly human life: food. Certainly.Three Essential Elements: 1. . clothing. Respect for the person as such. Social well being and development of the group itself. suitable information. 2. health. public authorities are bound to respect the fundamental and inalienable rights of the human person. education and culture. and so on. the right to establish a family. work. In the name of the common good.

It presupposes that authority should ensure. It is the basis of the right to legitimate personal and collective defense.3. by morally acceptable means. Peace. (CCC 1906-1909) . that is the stability and security of a just order. the security of society and its members.

Considering the common good on the national level. the following points are relevant and should not be overlooked: • To provide employment to as many workers as possible. • To maintain a balance between wages and prices. . • To take care of the less privileged groups that may arise even among the workers themselves.

. To ensure that the advantages of a more humane way of existence do not merely subserve the present generation but have regard for future generations as well. that is. industry and services.• To make accessible the goods and services for a better life • • • • to as many persons as possible. To balance properly any increases in output with advances in services provided to citizens. To adjust. between agriculture. as far as possible. To eliminate or to keep within bounds the inequalities that exist between different sectors of the economy. the means of production to the progress of science and technology. especially by public authority.

.The End.