Electrical Connectors

• An electrical connectors is a electro-mechanical device
• Used for joining electrical circuits as an interface
• Consists of plugs (male ended) and jacks (female ended)

Lifetime etc.PROPERTIES: • Electrical connectors are characterised by: 1. • Desirable to be easy to identify visually. Pinout and Physical Construction 2. Contact Resistance 3. . Reliability 5. Insulation between pins 4. require only simple tooling. rapid to assemble. and be inexpensive.

KEYING • Many connectors are keyed • Prevent insertion in the wrong orientation. connecting the wrong pins to each other • Prevent pins from being damaged XLR Connector 4-pin Mini-DIN pinout .

screw locking 3. locking levers 2.LOCKING MECHANISM • Provided to ensure that they are fully inserted and cannot work loose or fall out • Locking mechanism designs include 1. toggle or bayonet locking .

Locking Mechanism Bayonet Locking Toggle Locking Screw Locking .

Posts 3.Crimp-on connectors 4.Blade connectors 7.Plug and Socket connectors 5.Terminal blocks 2.Ring and Spade terminals .Component and Device connectors 6.TYPES OF CONNECTORS 1.

insulated blocks that secure two or more wires together and consist of an insulating body and a clamping device. .TERMINAL BLOCKS • Also called Terminal boards or strips • Terminal Blocks are modular.

connecting wires is more difficult than simply plugging in a cable 2. the terminals are generally not very well protected from contact with persons or foreign conducting materials. .DISADVANTAGES 1.

Lug Terminal .POSTS • A type of connector that simply screws or clamps bare wire to a post • Frequently used in electronic test equipment and audio • Binding posts allow the connection of several different types of connections: 1.Pin connectors 3.Banana Plugs 2.

Banana Plugs Pin Connectors Lug Terminals .

CRIMP-ON CONNECTORS • A type of solderless electrical connection. • Simple crimp connectors are typically used to terminate stranded wire • A key idea behind crimped connectors is that the finished connection is gas-tight .

often with the male electrical contact or pin .PLUG AND SOCKET CONNECTORS • Usually made up of a male plug (typically pin contacts) and a female receptacle (typically socket contacts) • The connection between the mating metal parts must be tight to make a good electrical connection and complete the circuit  Jack refers to a connector often with the female electrical contact or socket  Plug refers to a movable connector.

A Female VGA connector A Male Serial Port connector .

COMPONENT AND DEVICE CONNECTORS • Electrical and electronic components and devices sometimes have plug and socket connectors or terminal blocks .

BLADE CONNECTOR • A blade connector is a type of single wire connection • It is inserted into a blade receptacle • A common type of blade connector is the "Faston terminal“ .

RING AND SPADE TERMINALS • Electrical contact is made by the flat surface of the ring or spade • Their sizes can be determined by the size of the conducting wire and the screw/bolt diameter size designation .

Tee Connector 7.Audio Connector .Banana Connector 8.COMMONLY USED CONNECTORS • • • • • • • • 1. 8P8C connector 2. Power connector 4. Radio frequency connectors 5. Screw terminal 6. USB connector 3.

8P8C CONNECTOR • “Eight positions. Eight conductors“ • Is a modular connector with eight positions • Famous for its use in Ethernet .

USB CONNECTOR • USB-Universial Serial Bus • The Universal Serial Bus is a serial bus standard to interface devices. when the cable is fixed to the peripheral A male USB   series A plug .founded in 1996 • The most commonly used is the (male) series "A" plug on peripherals.

POWER CONNECTORS • Power connectors must protect people from accidental contact with energized conductors •  In larger sizes. these connectors must also safely contain any arc produced when an energized circuit is disconnected • Socket. is the general term .

 two-way radio.RF CONNECTOR • Electrical connector designed to work at radio frequencies in the multi-megahertz range • RF connectors are typically used with coaxial cables and are designed to maintain the shielding that the coaxial design offers •  Common types of RF connectors are used for television receivers. certain Wi-Fi devices with removable antennas .

connecting electrical outlets Advantage: • Screw terminals are low in cost when compared to other types of connector Disadvantage: • They can come undone fairly easily.SCREW TERMINAL • A screw terminal is a type of electrical connector where a wire is held by the tightening of a screw • Screw terminals are used extensively in building wiring for the distribution of electricity .leaving a bare wire waving around in your circuit • This procedure is more time consuming than using a plug-in connector .

TEE CONNECTOR • A Tee connector is an electrical connector that connects three cables together • It is usually in the shape of a capital T • Tee connectors can be used to split radio frequency power from a cable into two •  Three connector points can be either female or male gender .

BANANA CONNECTORS Banana connectors are used to connect single wires to electrical equipment o They are often used with testing equipment o AUDIO CONNECTORS o They are used for audio-visual applications .