DISASTER

MANAGEMENT

What is disaster? • Disaster is a crisis situation that far exceeds the capabilities • It causes wide spread damage which exceeds our capacity to recover • A sudden accident or a natural catastrophe that causes great damage or loss of life • A state of emergency .

Disruptive factors of disaster • Sudden death or injury • Destruction of homes and other properties • Destruction of the means to satisfy basic needs • Destruction of roads and vehicles • Breakdown of the communication system • Emotional shock • Extreme sense of urgency • Health hazards .

Types of Disaster • Natural • Man-made .

Natural disasters .

Earthquak e Tsunami .

Volcano Snow avalanche .

Cyclone/ Thundersto rm Floods .

Landslide Drought .

tropical cyclone. floods. By getting the data early. wind storms. avalanches. a landslide or a tsunami) and human activities.• A natural disaster is the consequence of the combination of a natural hazard (a physical event like a volcanic eruption. Weather disasters can be caused by cyclones. tsunamis. • Some of the weather disasters can be predicted such as cyclones. people can be warned to take shelter or make the necessary preparations. thunderstorms. wildfires. • Some natural disasters are caused by volcanoes . • Most natural disasters are caused by weather. typhoon. tornado an earthquake.

but some are caused by people. When people are choosing a place to live they need to consider whether they will live on a fault line for an earthquake or near a river that has a history of flooding . • Earthquakes are the deadliest of all natural disasters.• Some wildfires are caused by lightning. • Flooding is the world’s most expensive type of natural disaster because the damage can be so extensive. • Some kinds of disasters are more common in some places than in others.

house fires. They include: blackouts. food or water contamination. and industrial chemical releases. air pollution. In the best case.Man-made disaster • Man-made disasters are usually the result of things going wrong in our complex technological society. radiation leaks. hazardous material spills. they impact the entire ecosystem in which we live. . they simply rob us of our modern luxuries for a brief time. In the worst case.

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Man-made disasters • • • • • • Bomb blasts Gas leak Nuclear Explosion Chemical accidents Fire Accidents (Road. rail. air) .

response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters Disaster Preparedness.Definition of Disaster management • Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies. Disaster Response. in particular preparedness. Recovery and Rehabilitation .

Thank you .