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Hinges

Hinges

Hinges generally consist


of two leaves & a
knuckle.
The knuckle is formed by
interlocking parts
usually an odd number.
A pin runs through the
centre of the knuckle, this
acts as an axis
Hinges are made from
brass or steel
Hinges are usually fitted
with countersunk head
screws

Hinges
Butt

Hinge- most
versatile, simpliest &
most commonly used
(doors, windows, box
lids)
Piano Hinge- very
long butt hinge,
made in 2 m lengths,
strong fitting & can
be cut to length.

Hinges
Lift-Off

Hinge- another
butt hinge but it is able
to remove a component.
The hinge seperates
into 2 halves
Rising Butt Hingespecial hinge used for
doors, as it opens a leaf
lifts & when door is let
go the leaf will return,
closing the door

Hinges

Back Flap Hinge- wide


square version of the butt
hinge, made from brass or
mild steel, used for drop leaf
tables

Table Hinge or Rule Joint


Hinge- another version of
the back flap hinge,
designed for for mounting
fold down table flaps.

Hinges
Flush

Hinge- same
as butt hinge but is
used for lightweight
doors. Easily fitted.
T-Hinge- heavy duty,
used on garage or
shed doors. Made
from mild steel

Hinges
Strap

Hinge- like
the T-Hinge it is used
for shed doors.
Concealed Cabinet
Hinge- used in
modern houses on
kitchen cupboard
doors. These hinges
are consealed and
the can be adjusted.

Locks
Cupboard

Lock- made
from brass or steel and
it is screwed exactly
into cupboard door. The
bolt/ward will fit into the
mortise in the frame.
Cut Door Lock- like
the cupboard lock, the
lock is recessed into the
door. Used in lock
drawers.

Locks
Box

Lock- 2 parts the


lock & the keeper. Lock is
fitted into the box & the
keeper to the lid, both are
recessed into the wood.
Mortise Dead Lockused in external doors,
lock is inserted into the
mortise in the door while
the keeper is recessed
into a frame

Locks
Rim

Lock- used in
internal doors, lock is
screwed to the back of
the door while the keeper
is screwed into the
frame.
Internal Mortise Lock
with Catch- the lock is
inserted into a mortise in
the side of the door & the
keeper is recessed in the
frame.

Catches
Magnetic

Catch- a small
encased magnet is screwed
to the inside of the frame,
this magnet attracts a
small metal striker plate
fixed to the door
Ball Catch- spring loaded
steel ball trapped in a
cylindrical brass case, the
ball recesses into a metal
striker plate when the door
is closed.

Catches
Barrel

Bolt- used for


garage sheds,cupboards
or presses. One door is
fitted with the bolt & the
other is fitted with the
lock or catch
Spring Catch- small
version of the rim lock,
the ward is spring loaded
& operated with a
handle instead of a key.

Catches
Bullet

Catch- bullet is
screwed into the frame,
while the barrel is
pushed into an aligned
hole drilled in the door.
Catch relies on friction
than strength.
Hasp Lock- these locks
are used in conjunction
with a padlock, come in
different sizes