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Contents

Scope
Introduction
Boyd Cohens Smart Wheel Model
Smart Water
Smart Meter
Smart Building
Smart Governance
Smart Mobility
Conclusion

Scope
Scope of this study with respect to FYPPhase-1
is limited to;
1. The concept of smart city.
2. Discussing its indicators.
3. Challenges met.

What is a Smart City? - multiple definitions

Definition UK Dept
The UK Department of Business, Innovation
and Skills considers smart cities a process
rather than as a static outcome, in which
increased citizen engagement, hard
infrastructure, social capital and digital
technologies make cities more livable, resilient
and better able to respond to challenges.

Definition - British
Standards
The British Standards Institute defines it as the
effective integration of physical, digital and
human systems in the built environment to
deliver sustainable, prosperous and inclusive
future of its citizens.

Definition - IBM
IBM defines a smart city as one that makes
optimal use of all the interconnected
information available today to better
understand and control its operations and
optimize the use of limited resources.

Definition - Cisco
CISCO defines smart cities as those who adopt
scalable solutions that take advantage of
information and communications technology
(ICT) ti increase efficiencies, reduce costs and
enhance the quality of life.

Definition - Wikipedia
Wikipedia defines a city as Smart when
investments in human and social capital and
traditional (Transport) and modern (ICT)
communications infrastructure fuel sustainable
economic development and a high quality of
life, with a wise management of natural
resources, through participatory action and
engagement.

Definition - Accenture
Accenture defines it as A Smart City delivers
public and civic services to citizen and
businesses in an integrated and resource
efficient may while enabling innovative
collaborations to improve quality of life and
grow the local and national economy

Definition Frost & Sullivan


According to Frost & Sullivan, Smart cities are
an evolved state of urbanization where
application of technology integrates diverse
individual entities such as buildings, utilities,
authorities, infrastructure and industries.

Urbanization
More manageable and innovative cities needed considering the issues
of urbanization

Exploding
Population

Congested
Traffic
Insufficient
Infrastructure

Energy Crisis

Scarce
Resources
Migration

Natural
Disasters

Unplanned
Urbanization
Lack of
Supervision

Increasing
Mobility

Transformation of Cities
Transformation is possible by harmonic integration of infrastructure,
citizen and administration
ADMINISTRATION

CITIZEN

INFRASTRUCTURE

Smart City
Smart

Smart city - the harmony


and transformation itself
touches and transforms
our cities from end to end

Impact of Transformation
and brings significant impact
Within 20 years, a smart and connected city of 5 million
can drive
Improved city
management
Continious Economic
Growth
Enhanced Quality of
Life
Sustainable
Urbanization

+$15B
Revenue

+9.5%
Growth

+30%
Energy
Efficiency

+375K New
Jobs

Market Size
Cisco CEO John Chambers $19 trillion over the
next decade.

$400 billion has been estimated by the UK


Department for Business.
(U.S) Markets and Markets estimated $1 Trillion
by 2016.
Frost and Sullivan estimates $1.5 trillion - 2016.

Combination of Technology
Smart city concept is founded on a set of solutions which are
combination of todays standalone technologies
Broadband

Mobile

Building
Automation

UCC
Cloud
Computing
Internet of
Things
Reporting
Big Data

SMARTY
CITY
SOLUTIONS
Business
Intelligence

Data
Analytics

Next Gen
Device
Egovernmen
t
E-cards
IT Security
Wireless
Sensor
Netw.
M2M

Vertical Initiatives
The solution set working on a common infrastructure turn into initiatives
which vary by the industry
Smart
Utilities

Smart
Health

Smart
Public
Services

Smart
Building

Smart
Transporta
tion

Intelligent Utility
Network

Smart Care
Management

Smart Citizen
Services

Energy
Optimization

Intelligent
Transportation

Smart Metering

Connected Health

Energy
Optimization

Smart Medicine
Supply

Smart Tax
Administration

Asset
Management

Smart Public
Transportation

Smart Production

Mobile Health

Facility
Management

Integrated Fare
Management

Demand Planning

Remote
Healthcare
Management

Smart Customs,
Immigration,
Border
Management

Video Surveillance

Fleet Optimization

Recycling and
Power Generation

Tolling Solutions

Advanced
Distribution
Management
Operations Control
River Basin and
Smart Water
Management
Wastewater
Treatment

Smart
Education

Smart Classroom
Performance Man.
Asset
Management

Smart Crime
Prevention
Smart Emergency
Response

Automatic Fault
Detection
Diagnosis

Smart Financial
Management

Supervisory
Control
Audio / Video
Distribution
Management

Real-time Adaptive
Traffic
Management
Smart Parking
Traveler
Information
Systems

Smart Water
The more the quantity of
safe water is wasted the
lesser quality water will be
left.
Automatically alerts the
household for potential
leaks and other issues
pertaining to water.
Generates trends so that
policy can be made.
Help people avoid floods
as the system can be
applied to rivers to get real
time stats.
Notify the user that
something abnormal is

Challenges:
Distribution losses are high
Congestion is high
Reliability is low
Decentralized power is
increasing quickly
Peak power is increasing
rapidly (appliance sales are
rising, hotter summers, etc)
Electricity prices are rising
Homes are wasting energy
unnecessarily
Buildings are wasting
energy from lack of
integrated systems

Smart Meter
Smart grid and smart meter
combination can save and help
utilize the 40% to 70% of
wasted electrical-energy.
Identification of outages and
generate load profiles
Enhance theft detection and
speed termination of
unauthorized use
Enable faster responses to
customer service requests,
improving customer satisfaction

Smart Grid

Smart Building

Pillars of Smart Government

Smart Government
1.ICT and eGovernance
2. Enable Supply and
Demand
3. Transparency and
Open Data

Strongly resembles
corporate entities
Catalytic and steering.

Supporter
Enabler
Facilitator

Enterprising (i.e. earning


rather than spending);
Decentralized.

Community owned.
Mission-driven; resultsoriented (i.e. funding
outcomes, not inputs);
Customer-driven;

Smart Mobility

4.2

billion work
hours wasted, due to
traffic jams

$2.9

billion fuel is
wasted

Smart Mobility
1.Clean Energy
Transportation
2. Mixed Modal Access
3. Non-motorized
Options

Co2 emission from


transportation
constitute to 25% of
the overall
environmental
degradation.
Alternative
renewable energy
like bio-fuel, electric
and solar is
recommended.
Transportation is

Smart Mobility
Single occupant

Multi modal

Most convenient modes of


transportation.

Fixed timings and routes.

Independent to choose the


route.

Helps in managing the traffic.

Cost of ownership is too high.

Dependent on the schedule.


Less traffic.

Increases traffic congestion.

Fuel and commutation


expenses are shared.

Fuel consumption per capita


is high.

Low consumption per capita.

Low risks of Incidents per


Incidents per capita are high. capita.
Higher environmental
Allows you to rest or read etc..
degradation rate.
Lower environmental
Demands focus.
degradation rate.

Conclusion