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BACK TO EN G LISH

CLASSES!

W H AT CAN YO U REM EM BER?

Can you say ALL the subject pronouns ?


I
You
you
He
We
She
They
It

Which is the most important English verb? We use it to build the present
continuous, past continuous, future (to be going to) and many other things.

Clue: in Catalan it is translated as Ser/Estar


BE ( am, is are)

Which is the difference between present simple and present continuous?

Simple: something we usually do (a habit): I read the newspaper everyday


Continuous: something hapening right now: I am Reading the newspaper

H ow do w e say these w ords in English?

Relatives

Nephew

Niece

Grandsons

Brain

Blood

Skin

Desk

Ugly

Find the defi


n ition

Speak up

Whats the difference between:

Hurry up

Give up

Wake up get up

Wash up

Slow down

Break down

Look out

Grow up

Clean something

Reduce speed/ slowly

Talk aloud

Be careful

Stop being a child becoming adult

go more quickly

While you are learning or just refreshing


new words, think about a suitable situation
Stop athese
habit/ objective
Stop working
where you would say these phrasal verbs
(expressions)

angry/mad

assist/help

bad/awful

begin/start

below/under

bother/annoy

buy/purchase

choose/pick

close/shut

connect/join

combine/mix

P R ES EN T S IM P LE
+ affirmative sentences
Subject + verb complement

I have a coffee every morning

I sleep at 12 p.m

Remember!!
3rd person singular we add an s:
She sleeps at 12 p.m
She has a coffee every morning

- Negative sentences

Subject + do not (dont) / does not (doesnt) + verb +


complement
I/you/we/they + do not (dont)
I dont work on Sundays
I dont study on Mondays
He/she/ it + does not (doesnt)
She doesnt dance on Wednesdays
He doesnt train on Fridays

? Interrogative sentences
Do/does + subject + verb + complement

Remember that all WH- elements are always at first place!

Do you have toasts for breakfast?


Does she run in the evenings?
Do we go to school by car?
Does he eat carrots?
Why do you study english?
When does the bus arrive?

Present sim ple

Until now weve seen that we use the ausiliary DO/DOES in


order to build negative and interrogative sentences BUT
(theres always a but, sorry) there are sentences that dont
need the auxiliary named before:

Personality and mood adjectives


Subject + verb TO BE + adjective

I am thirsty Im not thirsy Am I thirsty?

Im tired Im dont tired/I dont tired Do am I tired?/ do I


tired?

We are very talkative we arent talkative are we

PAST TEN SES


How
would
you
express
something using the past tense?

I play tennis every Thursday


- I played tennis every
Thursday

I learn English

- I learnt English

Do these things sound familiar to you?


- Verb + ed : climbed; watched;
washed
- Irregular verbs:
Be was/were been
Break broke broken
Sing sang sung
Write wrote written
Etc,.

Listening placem ent test

Elisa's Diary

7.00:I get up.

8.00:Check_____

9.00:Use_______

10.00:Have_______in a cafe and read

11.00:My car arrives to take me to the studio.

12.00:Drink_______with other members of the group. Then start work.

1.00 - 2.00:Recording in the studio.

3.00:Eat________

4.00 - 6.00:Help the rest of the group.________

7.00:________home.

9.00 - 10.00:Go out._____________

11.00:Go.________

Adverbs of frequency
Adverbs of frequency are normally placed
Always ++++++ after the subject and before the main verb

Usually +++++ I never do my homework

Often ++++

Sometimes +++ BUT

Hardly ever ++

Never +

We hardly ever go swimming

when theres the verb TO BE we place the


adverbs of frequency at after the verb to be
and before the main verb

I am never angry

She is always complaining

We are sometimes happy

Expressions of frequency
Expressions of frequency are
always placed at the END of
Everyday
sentence
Every week
I have a shower once a day
Every month
I study English three times a
Every year
week
Once a week
I work everyday

Twice a year

I travel three times a year

Three times a

Present continuous

Subject + TO BE + Verb + ing

You

He

She

It

You

We

they

am playing football
are walking down the street

is climbing a tree

are studying English

Present continuous

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

Subject + TO BE + not + Verb + ing

You

He

She

It

You

We

they

am NOT playing football

(iM NOT)

are NOT walking down the street (ARENT)

is NOT climbing a tree (ISNT)

are NOT studying English (ARENT)

Present continuous

am
are

I
You

Is

He

Is

She

are

It

are

You

are

We

are

they

playing football ?
walking down the street ?

climbing a tree ?

studying English ?

FAM ILY VO CABU LARY

Mare

Pare

Fill

Filla

Germ

Germana

Nebot

Neboda

Tiet

Tieta

vi

via

cunyat

cunyada

Net

vis

Mum - mother (mom USA)

Dad father

Son

Daughter

Brother

Sister

Nephew

Niece

Uncle

Aunt/ Auntie

Grandpa/grandad/grandfather

Grandma/ granny/ grandmother

Sister in law

Brother in law

Grandson/granddaughter

grandparents

Amigable

Gracis/divertit
Geners
curtet tonto lent vago
Tmid
Xerraire
Extrovertit
Treballador
Dolent
Callat/ tranquil
Seris
Insociable/ inamigable
Nt

adjectives

Friendly

Funny

Generous

Lazy

Shy

Talkative

Extrovert

Hardworking

Mean

Quiet

Serios

Unfriendly

Clean

Empty

Excitig/interesting

Near

Old

Quiet

Rude

Safe

Boring

Crowded

Dangerous

Far

Modern

Noisy

Polite

polluted

opposites

Comfortable

Unhappy

Happy

Uncomfortable

Healthy

Unhealthy

Patient

Untidy

Polite

Impatient

Possible

Impossible

tidy

impolite

Prepositions of place

Dins

In

A sobre

On

A sota

Under

Al costat

Next to

Entre mig / al mig

Between/ in the middle of

Al devant

In front of

Per sobre

Obove

Amunt

Up

Avall

down

LIS TEN IN G
Watch the clip "Food for Thought" You are going to watch a
woman called Mable talk about the first time she came to
the UK.

Where does Mabel get her idea of beauty from?

Why is she scared of coming to England?

What does she learn about the British?

Show your listening understanding

Mabel is 25 years_____and comes from Uganda.

Mabel thinks __________is what she sees in the magazines.

The reality is not what she was expecting. People are much bigger than
she thought. The women have_______African bottoms and the men have
big_______bellies. She expected to seepeople glowing with health.

In Uganda healthy organic fruits and vegetables are for everyone. For
the price of one mango in the UK she could buy 50 at home. Her
grandmothers garden is full of ______food and it doesnt cost anything
to grow it.

She thinks its easier for an African to eat_________ and be healthy than
it is for the British.

SPEAKIN G

What do you think about beauty?

Do magazines really show what real beauty is, or as Mabel


says, what British girls would like to be?

BO D Y PARTS

Shin espinilla

Bottom/ boot/ booty/ass - cul

Back esquena

Collarbone clavcula

Spine columna vertebral

Heel tal

Hips - cintura

Present continuous review

How do we build affirmative sentences?


Subject + to be + verb +ing + complement(s)

Can you provide an example?


And what about the negative ones?
Subject + to be + not + verb + ing
For example?
Last challenge! Can you explain us how do we create interrogative
sentences? And please, provide us an example again
(wh-) + to be + subject + verb + ing +?
GREAT!

Present sim ple Vs. Present continuous

SIMPLE

1. Adverbs of frequency:

Usually
Often
Sometimes
Never, etc.
2. Expressions of frequency
Everyday
Once a week
Three times a year, etc.

CONTINUOUS

Right now

At this moment

Now

At this picture (while


describing)

LISTEN IN G : D escribing people

Prepositions of place

D ESCRIBIN G A PICTU RE Prepositions of place

U sefulVocaublary

There is / there are

There isnt / there arent

I can see

I think

Some

Any

Buildings

Torch

Fire

Itchy and scratchy

Relative clauses

Who people

Which objects

Where places
BUT

We can also use THAT instead of which and who. It substitutes both, objects and people.

The boy who is sitting next to that fatty woman is my uncle.


The boy that is sitting ...
The town where I lived when I was a child is 2 hours away from here.
The town that I ived...
The bag which sally bought is like mine. The bag that sally bought ...

SPEAKIN G