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Tajuk : Pengesan Kapasitif

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Semua Nota Pengajaran &


Pembelajaran Saya dalam
Bahasa Inggeris……………
Capacitive
Sensors
• Almost Similar to the Inductive Sensor.
• Able to Detect Most Materials.
• Switching Distance Adjustable.
• Able to Detect Fluid Level Through the
Wall of a Bottle.
Sensor is looking for a change
in capacitance in the active
Electrostatic field
field
Active
surface
Active
electrode
Earth
electrode

LED
indicator
Adjusting
screw
Connection
cable
Target
Sensor is adjusted so
that it does not ‘see’
the wall of the vessel.
As the level rises the
fluid affects the sensor
field.
Until the sensor
switches.
• Detection of Matt, Black Objects.
• Detecting Fluid Level, Wall Thickness
Must be Limited.
• Monitoring the Winding of Electrical
Wires and Cables.
1 - Power On Nothing Happens.
Capacitance Created when
Material Present.
2 - Analog to Binary Signal
3 - To Check and Trigger a Signal
4 - Output (LED)
5 - Protection for Wrong
Connection
6 - 24V In-coming
7 - To Change to 5V
8 - Active Switching Zone
9 - Output Signal
Material Reduction Factor

All Metals 1.0


Water 1.0
Glass 0.30 ~ 0.50
Plastic 0.30 ~ 0.60
Cardboard 0.30 ~ 0.50
Wood 0.20 ~ 0.70
Oil 0.10 ~ 0.30
Operating voltage typ. 10 V … 30 V DC
Or 20 … 250 V AC
Nominal switching distance typ. 5 … 20 mm
max. 60 mm (usually variable,
adjustable via potentiometer)
Object material all materials with
Dielectric constant > 1

Switching current max. 500 mA

Ambient operating temperature - 25° C … +70° C

Sensitivity to dirt sensitive


Service life very long

Switching frequency up to 300 Hz

Design cylindrical,
e.g. M18x1, M30x1,
up to ∅30mm, block-shaped

Protection class up to IP67


• Capacitive Sensors can be Easily
Contaminated. Care should be Taken to
Ensure Cleanliness.
• Can be used to Detect Objects Through
Non-Metallic Walls of Not More than
4mm.
Sekian ……….FAHAM @ Buat-buat
Faham ??? & Kalau TIDAK Faham….
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Devices
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Encik Sarudin Bin Rohseli