Volcanic ash

Volcanic ash from Iceland continues to Disrupt Air Travel

Muhammad Shahid

DMD Office

A volcano is an opening, or rupture, in a planet's surface or crust, which allows hot magma, ash and gases to escape from below the surface.


Nasa's satellite imagery shows the cloud's huge length

The European air traffic coordinating agency, Eurocontrol, reports that 63,000 flights have been cancelled since Thursday. There were only 5,000 flights in European airspace on Sunday, against 24,000 normally, it says.

The volcanic ash cloud reached about 55,000ft, Eurocontrol says Frankfurt - closed after reopening on a limited basis for several hours on Sunday MAJOR EU AIRPORTS 19/04 Heathrow closed Paris Charles de Gaulle - closed

It has driven European travel

back 70 years
to the early days of World War II. That was one of the last times when large numbers of people couldn't get from where they were to where they wanted to go.

Following 9/11, the US government provided $5 billion to compensate airlines for the costs of grounding the fleet for three days

The scale of this crisis is now greater than 9/11 when US air space was closed for three days (IATA)

Statement - Financial Impact of Icelandic Volcano Ash
IATA s initial and conservative estimate of the financial impact on airlines is
Excess of US$200 million per day in lost reven es. Volcano Crisis Cost Airlines $1.7 Billion - IATA
Date: 21 April 2010

In addition to lost revenues, airlines will incur added costs for
Re-routing of aircraft Care for stranded passengers Stranded aircraft at various ports.
Press Release Date: 16 April 2010

Airline Loses
Airlines Sector British Airways Easyjet = US$ 200m/day = £25m ($38m)/ day = £5m /day (IATA) (BBC) (BBC)

For a three-day period (17-19 April), when disruptions were greatest, lost revenues reached $400 million per day (IATA)

Share Price Fell Down
British Airways saw its share price fall by 3.3%, while Air France-KLM lost 3.4% Lufthansa was down 4.1%.

At the worst, the crisis impacted 29% of global aviation (IATA)

The crises affected 1.2 million passengers a day (IATA)

All UK flights in England and Wales were grounded on Friday

Volca ic as

ay a age jet e gi es

* S cke i t t e t r i es, t ey cl g t e e gi es a ca s tt e , it te tially isastr s c seq e ces * ar as articles ca als a age a e gi e's fa la es, *a ay ca se electrical syste s t s rt-circ it. *T es e l ss f er ca ca se a large asse ger aircraft t g i t freefall. * t t e sa e ti e t e il t is likely t e flyi g " li " eca se f scratc es left t e c ck it i scree y t e a rasive as .

Jet e gi es

erate at a

t 2,000 , a t e j st s t

etals ca 't take t at. T e e gi e ill

Some Information About Volcanic activity in Europe:
Iceland volcano activity halts flights, causes evacuations The Eyjafjallajokull volcano in southern Iceland has erupted twice in less than a month, raising concerns that it could trigger a larger and more dangerous eruption at a volatile volcano nearby Shares in major European airlines fell on Friday as the volcanic ash cloud spread across Europe. Some airlines, including British Airways, KLM, Lufthansa and Air France, have carried out test flights and say planes showed no obvious damage after flying through the ash. A British Airways Boeing 747 completed a test flight through the no-fly zone at 30,000ft (9.1km) from Heathrow to Cardiff on Sunday

In 1982 British Airways and Singapore Airways jumbo jets lost all their engines when they flew into an ash cloud over Indonesia. A KLM flight had a similar experience in 1989 over Alaska. On each occasion, the plane fell to within a few thousand feet of the ground before it was possible to restart the engines."

Mount Pinatubo, Philippines. View of World Airways DC10 airplane setting on its tail because of weight of June 15, 1991 ash. Cubi Point Naval Air Station.

Details on the extent of the dust cloud and for projections of its future spread

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful