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The Fall:

Sin Spread
throughout
the World

Context
The freshmen experience difficulties
in life that either makes them better
or bitter about life. Sometimes these
experiences do not bring any sense to
leading them to turn to bad influences
(vices, bad peers, depression, etc.)
that only makes matters worst. These
influences result to poor decisionmaking and even to more conflicts
among friends and family members.

They are invited to look for healthy


and life-enriching opportunities that
will help them translate their hearts
deepest longings and desires into
creative expressions that will give
meaning and purpose to their lives.
They are further called to look at these
difficulties as rich opportunities to
grow in character and in their
relationship with God as they seek Him
for hope, love and meaning in life.

The Last Parachutes


This is an activity where the
students are confronted with a
moral dilemma to select 10
persons from the list of
passengers who shall be given
parachutes to be saved. (This is an
improvisation of the Fall Out
Shelter Activity.)

Who are the 10 persons you


chose to save? What made you
choose them?
Was it easy to select the 10
persons? Why or why not?
What can we learn from the
activity?

Learning from our activity


Our true characters are made
manifest in difficult moments.
Our choices reflect our hearts
desires.
The things we do are concrete
expressions or manifestations of our
lifes intentions...those things which
matter to us.
How we resolved the moral dilemma
speaks of our absolutes, judgments
and values

Relating to our lesson


Similarly, when Adam and Eve ate
the forbidden fruit, their act
expressed their inner desire to go
beyond Gods moral restriction and
reject their dependence on God.
In the other 3 sin narratives, we shall
encounter inner desires of the
characters involved that were made
manifest in the choices they made
which were contrary to Gods Will for
them.

At the same time, Gods loving desire


for humankind continues to be seen
in the signs of hope that He gives
them.
The punishments that the characters
experienced were not Gods ways of
abandoning them but the
consequences of their turning away
from others, nature and God.

Church Teachings
For a monumental struggle against
the powers of darkness pervades our
whole human history. The battle was
joined from the very origins of the
world and will continue until the last
day. Caught in this conflict, we are
obliged to wrestle constantly if we are
to cling to what is good. Nor can we
achieve our own integrity without
valiant efforts and the help of grace.
(GS 37)

Church Teaching (CFC383)


Original sin can be described
as the state in which we are
born as members of the human
race. We are thus situated in a
sinful history that affects our
capacity to love God above all, to
become our true selves, and
achieve our destiny.

Reflecting on our human experience:


If God is all-good, why does he allow
evil to take place?
The origin of evil in the world is
depicted as Adam and Eves sin of
disobedience to Gods command not
to eat of the fruit of the tree of
knowledge of good and bad.
Their act of eating the fruit of the
forbidden tree symbolizes the abuse of
human freedom.

Their act represents the temptation


to play God, rejecting any
dependence on God by deciding
completely on their own what is
good or bad.
As a result of their sin of
disobedience and pride: they
experienced shame, they were
banished from the garden, entrance
of suffering (mortality), and loss of
intimate union with God.

Reflecting on our human experience:


Temptation makes something bad look
goodlooks can be deceiving.
Temptation is any enticement to evil;
any word or activity that incites (leads)
people into any wrongdoing.
4 steps of temptation
(4Ds of Temptation)
Desire
Doubt
Deception
Disobedience

The temptation of Adam and Eve


revealed their own self-centered
desires to play God.
Temptation itself is not a sin. But
it can lead to sin if we give in to it
and choose to do as we are
tempted.
Sin itself is basically an act against
God, against our true nature, and
against our fellow human beings.

Concept Mapping on Original Sin


and its realities.
The students are tasked to
briefly illustrate the realities of
Original Sin.

The First Sin of Adam and


Eve
Pride/Disobedience is going
away from the will of God.

Sinful Act of our first


parents
(Originating Sin)

Within Ourselves
(Concupiscence)
Disorder of our natural
desires that attracts us
to sin

Original
Sin
The sinful condition
resulting from it
which we experience
(Originated sin)

In the world
(Sin of the World)
Effects of the 1st sinful act
which affect the posterity of
all human relationships

The two aspects of Original Sin:


Originating Sin

Originated Sin

Question:

Question:

What is the origin of sin?


How did it start?
Response: it started with the
sin of our first parents
described in Genesis
It is a personal sinful act at the
origin of human race.
It is not transmitted.
Resulted in the loss of grace
and supernatural gifts in first
parents.
As past moral act, it does no
longer exists

What is the basis for the


sinfulness of all humans today?
Response: it is the world-wide
effects of the first sin
(Romans 5:11-21)
There is no personal consent;
the sinful state into which all are
born.
It is transmitted by
propagation.
It consists in privation of grace
in: - world situation sin of the
world, - every person born into
the world, weakened nature

Originating Sin

Originated Sin
Exists as real dimension of the
human condition
Wiped away by baptism:
(a) incorporates the
baptized into the
Christian community &
(b) brings the Holy Spirit
(grace) to indwell in
the baptized thus
removing the
privation. But concupiscence
remains.

The Sinful World is the Social


dimension of original sin, the
polluted atmosphere into which we
are all born and the sinful structures
of injustice, oppression and
exploitation.
Concupiscence is an interior
inclination which comes from sin
and inclines to sin.

7 Deadly/ Capital Sins:


Pride exalting oneself beyond
what is due and true
Lust disordered desire for,
inordinate enjoyment of
sexual pleasure
Gluttony excessive indulgence in
food and drink

Anger destructive aggressiveness


Covetousness desiring what
belongs to others, leading
to dishonesty, stealing and
injustice
Envy begrudging others their
talents, success and
wishing them evil
Sloth laziness and escape from
exerting due effort

The 7
Capital Sins
and its
Remedy

St. Michael the Archangel Prayer


St. Michael the Archangel, defend us
in battle be our safeguard against the
wickedness and snares of the Devil.
May God rebuke him, we humbly
pray, and do thou, O prince of the
Heavenly Host, by the power of God,
bind into hell Satan and all the evil
spirits who prowl about the
world seeking the ruin of souls.
Amen.

PROBLEM
Throughout the centuries, prejudices
against the existence of the devil have
risen. Some philosophers, sages,
rationalists, scholars, and even theologians
contend that:
The devil's existence is not clearly defined
in the Bible;
Since the devil does not form part of the
central Gospel message, the existence of
demoniac reality no longer has a place in
our faith today; and
The devil is but a mythical or functional
personification.

TRUTH
To deny the existence of the devil is to deny the
infallibility of the Bible. But this is not possible
to deny it because the inerrancy of the Bible, in
part and as a whole, is a dogma of Faith.
The Scripture speaks of angels falling due to sin
willfully committed. This fall consists in the
free choice of these created spirits, who radically
and irrevocable rejected God and His reign. We
find a reflection of that rebellion in the
tempter's words to our first parents: You will be
like God. The devil has sinned from the
beginning; he is a liar and the father of lies.

Seven Capital Sins


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Pride
Anger (Wrath)
Envy
Avarice (Greed)
Lust
Sloth
Gluttony

PRIDE
(KAYABANGAN)

Lucifer - Pride

Some Attitudes of

PRIDE

MAKASARILI.
PALAGING IKAW ANG
TAMA.
WALA KANG MALI.
TINGIN MO IKAW
PALAGI ANG
NAKAKAANGAT.
Forms
of Attack:
Superiority complex
Looks for faults in
others
Seeks to be
appreciated
Results:
Self-gratification

ANGER
(GALIT
)

Satan - Anger

Some Attitudes of

ANGER

PALAGI KANG MAY


KINAMUMUHIAN.
UMIISIP KA PALAGI NG
PAGHIHIGANTI.
WALA KA NG PEACE OF
MIND.
Forms of Attack:
Selfishness and Hatred
Unforgiveness, Violence
Results:
Destroys every relationships
Ill tempered and bad mannered

ENVY
(INGGIT
)

Leviathan - Envy

Some Attitudes of

ENVY

Forms of Attack:

NAIINIS KA PAG MAY


MASMAGALING SA
IYO.
NAGNGINGIT-NGIT KA
PAG PINUPURI YUNG
IBA AT DI IKAW.
KINAIINGGITAN MO
YUNG BAGAY NA
WALA KA.
DI KA MAKUNTENTO.

Results:
Contaminates the heart
Leads to slander and
Blinds the reasoning
Looks for defects instead of qualities gossips
Leads to hatred

AVARICE
(GAHAMAN)

Mammon - Avarice

Some Attitudes of

Forms of Attack:

Detest simplicity and never satisfied


Only interested in material happiness
Seeks fame, glory and honor

AVARICE
WALA NG IBANG
INISIP KUNG DI PERA
PINUPURI KA.
IKAW ANG NAKAKA
HIGIT SA IBA.
KUNG ANONG
MERON SILA DAPAT
MERON KA RIN.
MAS MAHAL MO
PERA KAYSA SA
Results:
DIYOS.
Material wealth becomes God
Compulsive

SLOTH
(KATAMARAN)

Belphegor
Vanity/Sloth

Some Attitudes of

SLOTH MADALI KANG MA BORING.


DI KA KAAGAD
SUMUSUNOD SA UTOS
GUSTO MO MAY UPA.
MARAMI KANG MGA
DAHILAN.
ANG GUSTO MO LANG
GAWIN
AY KUNG ANO ANG
Forms
of Attack:
Enjoys
the MO.
easy, comfortable life
GUSTO
concrete
goals
in life
Lacks
DOTA,
SP, CF,
FB,
TV.
Results:
Not punctual in anything
Misses many opportunities

GLUTTONY
(KATAKAWAN)

Beelzebub Gluttony

GLUTTONY
PAGKAIN MO DI KAIN,
LAMON.
PAG -INOM DI INOM,
LAKLAK.
KAIN KA NG KAIN DI MO
NA INIISIP YUNG IBA.
DI KA NA MAPAG-ARAL
NG MABUTI , PAG-KAIN
Forms
of Attack:
PALAGI
NASA ISIP MO.
Poor prayer life
Weaken Will power
Results:
Leads to materialism
Leads to alcohol, drugs, etc,.
Leads to lust

LUST
(KALASWAAN)

Incubi and Succubi Lust and Perversion

Some Attitudes of

LUST

TUWANG TUWA KA PAG


NAKAKAPANOOD KA NG
SCANDAL SA CP.
MAGDAMAG KA SA
INTERNET (PORN)
MAKITA MO PALANG
YUNG CRUSH MO
HINUHUBARAN MO NA
Forms
of Attack:
SA ISIP
MO. (HOMO )
Mass Media
Sex education
Sexual freedom

Results:
Leads to sexual perversion
Leads to contraceptive
mentality

How to defend ourselves?


Vices
Pride
Lust
Sloth
Gluttony
Envy
Anger
Avarice

Virtues
Humility
Chastity
Diligence
Temperance
(Fasting/Abstinence)
Charity (Recognize
all talents come from
God
Meekness (Bear
insults in silence)
Simplicity of Heart

Original Sin has two realities. It is


the personal sin of our first
parents and the consequences
that we experience today.

Reading the Fall of Humanity:


Reflecting on our human
experience: What are the usual
excuses we use to reason out or
justify our cause?

a. Sin destroyed the original harmony


that was in the world. The first
humans chose to disobey God and
separate themselves from Him.
b. Sin alienates us from God. Adam
and Eve after disobeying God were
no longer at ease with Gods
presence.

c. Sin alienates us from others. The


couple started blaming each other.
In the beginning, there was order
and harmony in their relationship.
They started to distance from each
other.
d. Sin alienates us from nature. Many
of our human activities bring damage
to our environment and also to our
human bodies.

e. Sin alienates us from ourselves.


Sin brought malice into their
lives. Nakedness is a sign of
shame and vulnerability and loss
of dignity as a person.

What can you do to bring back


harmony in your life?
7 new mortal sins decreed by
Pope Benedict XVI:
Genetic modification
Carrying out experiments on humans
Polluting the environment
Causing social injustice
Causing poverty
Becoming obscenely wealthy
Taking drugs

There is hope for a sinful world. God


promises us our redemption:
God will help us and strengthen us in
our moments of weakness. God
restored the dignity of our first
parents by providing them with
garments.

The Sacraments of Baptism and


Reconciliation
In Baptism, we are given a white
garment to represent the dignity of
being adopted children of God. While
in the Sacrament of Reconciliation,
we are consciously acknowledge our
sinfulness to the Lord and our firm
desire to change our ways; and to
return to Him with our whole being.

Consequences of Sin
1.Sin Alienates us from God
Shame leads us to hide
ourselves
from people and God because we
have done wrong.
2. Sin Alienates ourselves from
others.
When we loss our innocence,
we bring malice into a situation
where we are at.

Nakedness is a sign of shame


and vulnerability. It represents
a
loss of personal dignity. Feelings
of embarrassment and
shamefulness cause us to distance
ourselves from others
3. Sin alienates us from Nature and
our bodies.
Sin leads us to suffer and die. An
abuse of nature because of our
selfish desires can make us
suffer its consequences.

Nakedness is a sign of shame


and vulnerability. It represents
a
loss of personal dignity. Feelings
of embarrassment and
shamefulness cause us to distance
ourselves from others
3. Sin alienates us from Nature and
our bodies.
Sin leads us to suffer and die. An
abuse of nature because of our
selfish desires can make us
suffer its consequences.

Student Activity:
Identifying the Problems in our Society
Problems
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

Cause

Effects

Sin Spreads Yet


Gods Mercy
Continues

Cain and Abel (Gen. 4:1-16)


Yahwist Tradition
1. The story relates how alienation and
the sin of the garden spread to new
levels of evil; not only of murder but
murder of ones own brother.
Usapang Magkapatid:
a.What are the traits I like best about
my siblings? Like least?
b.Cite instances of sibling rivalry.

2. Background: transition to flocks


and agriculture occurred around
10,000 BCE
3. Literary elements: offering fruits
of the land and the best of the flock to
please God, Conflict between farmer
and sheepherder, sibling rivalries,
God favoring the youngest, Israels
belief that human sin leads to
punishment but also to his
compassionate mercy, and concept of
brothers keeper.

Reflection: Why did God chose Abels


offering and not Cains?
God looks into the heart of the one who
offers and not the material offering.
4. Sin committed: Murder/ Fratricide
5. Cause of sin: Envy: begrudging
others their talent or success and
wishing them ill
6. Effects: Cain was banished from the
land and he became a restless
wanderer
7. Note of hope: God spared Cain and
placed a mark on him.

Reflection
Message of the story:
-Gods choice is free and we cannot do
anything to earn his favour.
-Sacrifices must be offered to God in
the right spirit.
-Turning away from God leads humans
to turn against one another.
- God does not reject us.
We carry the consequences of our
own sin.

Sapagkat kamiy tao lamang is


not an excuse to fall into sin.
Sinning is our free and constant
choice to commit something
against contrary to the will of
God.

Great Flood and Noah (Gen. 6-9:17)


Is a story of the consequences of
a world that has become too evil. God
is totally opposed to evil and sin. God
loves the sinner but hates sin. God
brings flood into the earth. He
destroys and cleanses evil.
Ark- symbol of Gods salvation
Rainbow- symbol of his eternal
promise never to destroy the world
again by flood.

After the flood the whole creation


was renewed. God acted upon natural
catastrophe to achieve his saving plan.
Tower of Babel (Genesis 11:1-9)
People did not learn the lessons
of destruction that occurred in Noahs
time. Slowly sin crept into the world
again.

This story shows how arrogant


the early people were. They build a
tower to make a name for themselves
instead of respecting God.
Humans can become like God
when they cooperate freely with Gods
gift of grace and never rejecting nor
abandoning God as creator everything
will be alright.
The division among people is
seen a constant dispute of the citizens
of a country and of different nations.

Each nation naturally places its


interests ahead of the others and this
causes all kinds of economic and social
problems to the extent of having
armed conflicts.
Our class can also be a good
example for this. There arrogant
students inside who are only concern
of protecting their own interests
directly or indirectly which eventually
will cause misunderstanding among
classmates.

Summary

Story

Fall of
Humanity
Gen. 3: 1 -24

Sin

Disobedience

Cause of
Sin
Pride,
wanting to
be God,
rejecting all
dependence
on God

Effects
Banishment
from the garden,
loss of intimate
union with God,
entrance of
suffering and
pain, nakedness

Note of
hope
God made
clothes for
them (out of
animal skin) to
restore their
dignity

Religious
Meaning
sin and evil come not
from God who created
everything good, but
from the willful
disobedience of man
who abused his Godgiven freedom at the
dawn of history.
Narrates the origin of
sin and its
consequences in the
spread of evil which we
all experience today.

Story

Cain and
Abel
Genesis
4: 1-16

Sin

Murder

Cause of
Sin
Jealousy,
envy

Effects

Note of
hope

Cain
murdered
Abel, he was
banished
from the
land, became
a restless
wanderer

God spared
Cain and
placed a
mark on
him

Religious
Meaning
Disastrous
effect of sin
upon
humankind
siblings rise
against each
other
Sacrifices must
be offered to
God in the right
spirit

Story

The
Great
Flood
Gen.
6: 5-9:
17

Sin

Widespread
sin and
idolatry

Cause of
Sin

Effects

Forgetting Widespread
about God flood and
destruction

Note of
hope

Religious
Meaning

A remnant
was saved
through
Noah. The
earth was
restored and
promised to
never
destroy the
world
through
flood again.

To bring out the


truth that God is
totally opposed
to sin.
God is merciful
to sinners but
detests sin
because it
destroys the
sinner whom
God lovingly
created.

Story

Towe
r of
Babel
Gen.1
1: 1- 9

Sin

Building
a tower
to reach
God

Cause
of Sin

Pride,
wantin
g to be
like
God

Effects

Confusio
n,
fighting,
loss of
power
and
mutual
understa
nding

Note of
hope

Religious
Meaning
Pride brings
division among
humans

God
continued
to work in
human
Humans can
history
become god(Abraham) like by freely
cooperating
with Gods gift
of grace