PRIME MINISTER IN A PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM

A form of government or form of governance, refers to the set of political institutions by which a government is organized in order to exert its powers.

Different forms of government ` Monarchy ` Aristocracy ` Dictatorship ` Presidential ` Parliamentary

one in which legislative and executive organ of the state are closely related and interdependent in the performance of governmental functions ` Clear differentiation between the head of state and head of government
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No differentiation of the separation of powers between legislative and executive ` There are four parts of the system ` Prime minister ` President ` Parliament ` Cabinet
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The ministries are in constant touch with legislature where opposition party review every policy of government carefully ` The government cannot be despotic
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The life of executive is uncertain ` The government will always adopt a policy that will benefit the party and supporters and is unbeneficial to the opposition ` The head of government is in almost all cases not directly elected
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Most senior minister of cabinet in executive branch ` Head of government ` May or may not be a member of parliament ` Real executive powers ` Appointed by members of national assembly for 5 year
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Right to call for the resignation of cabinet members at any time ` Can be removed through no-confidence motion or by his own party members ` Age should be 45 or more ` Muslim ` Citizen of Pakistan
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Direct election ` Majority party nominates representative ` After 13 days of election: assembly sits to select PM ` Member who scores majority votes shall be invited by president to assume the office
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The Prime Minister·s formal constitutional role is to chair the Cabinet, appoint ministers, advise the Governor General, and act as key spokesperson for the government both in Parliament and out.

Power to appoint, reshuffle or dismiss ministers ` Power to create peers ` Power to give out honours ` Power to appoint chairs of nationalised industries ` Powers in international relations
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Limitations on the powers of PM is that he should listen to the advice of the senior colleagues before making decisions ` His ability to call the flaw of business is restricted
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Direct and determine the policy of the nation. Responsible for national defense. Assures the execution of laws. Selects the ministers from NA to constitute cabinet.

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Responsible for coordinating and supervising the work of the cabinet.

Bicameral parliamentary system ` Prime minister is the most powerful member of the central government
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