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Records management is the planned control of records. It includes
decision making regarding the retention, transfer, microfilming and
destruction of records. Personnel records and reports enable
managers to obtain requisite information regarding the use of human
resources in various departments or divisions.



@. Simple: Record-keeping must be simple. It should, at the @. Conformity: Reports must conform
same time, meet the requirements of the organisation. to organisational objectives.
2. Accurate: Records should be error-free. 2. Unbiased: Reports must be objective
They must be built around facts as far as possible. and prepared without prejudice or bias.
3. Economical: It should not cost a fortune 3. Data based: Reports must be built
to maintain records. The cost of maintaining around facts. Theycmust not only
records must not be high. present facts but interpret them in a
meaningful manner.
4. Useful: Records must provide information which could 4. Clarity and Simplicity: The report must
be put to use. They must facilitate managerial decision be clearly worded so that people could
making. To this end they must be reviewed and kept use it easily. To make it simple, some
up-to-date. illustrative points could also be used.
5. Timely: Reports must be submitted
keeping the time limits in mind. They
very purpose of preparing a report
gets defeated once it exceeds the time





6 To keep an orderly account of progress

6 To facilitate the preparation of the statement of the true conditions
6 To enable the making of comparisons
6 To facilitate the detection of errors and frauds
6 To meet legal requirements
6 To serve other miscellaneous purposes




6 job application and test scores

6 job descriptions and job specifications
6 interview results
6 employment history
6 medical reports
6 attendance records
6 payroll
6 employee ratings
6 training records
6 leave records
6 accident and sickness records
6 grievances, disputes records
6 contracts of employment
6 records to be kept under various statutes




or effective records management, record keeping must
6 Justification
6 Verification
6 Classification
6 Availability of required information
6 Reasonable cost



Personnel records and reports help management in obtaining the

requisite information regarding the use of human resources in
various departments or divisions.




Personnel records play a significant role in performing various personnel functions

including audit and research. They are specially needed to:
i. supply the information required by the management and trade unions to
review the effectiveness of personnel policies and practices and develop
ii. supply the information required by various agencies on the accidents,
employment position, strikes, absenteeism, turnover, etc.
iii. provide the information about manpower inventory for manpower planning and
succession planning.
iv. conduct research in personnel and industrial relations areas.
v. identify training and development needs.
vi. revise pay scales and benefits from time to time.




It is a systematic evaluation of personnel policies, procedures and

practices. Basically it covers three things:
6 easurement and evaluation of personnel programmes, policies
and practices
6 Identification of gap between objectives and results
6 Determination of what should or should not be done in future.

6 Increasing size of the organisation and personnel in most
6 Changing philosophy of management towards human resources
6 Increasing strength and influence of trade unions
6 Changing HR philosophy
6 Increasing dependence of the organisation on the human
resources system and its effective functioning.


Personnel audit covers areas like personnel philosophy, policies,

programmes, practices and personnel results.

Various personnel policies, procedures and practices can be evaluated by
posing questions like:
6 Õhat are they(policies, procedures, practices)
6 How are they established , communicated and understood
6 Are they consistent with other policies/
6 Õhat are the controls that exist for ensuring their effective and uniform
6 Õhat measures exist to modify them?
Personnel audit can be carried out either by attitudinal survey or by
interpreting data. It can be undertaken at frequent intervals. It may be done
either by internal people or by external consultants. To be effective, personnel
audit should focus attention on rectifying things rather than fault-finding.


Personnel research implies systematic investigation into any aspect

of personnel or human resource management in a systematic way.
The major objectives of personnel research include:
6 easure current conditions in human resource management
6 Evaluate effects and results of current policies and practices
6 Discover ways and means of strengthening the abilities and
attitudes of employees at a high level and on a continuing basis
6 Provide an objective basis for revising current programmes and


Personnel research can be undertaken through:
6 Historical studies
6 Case studies
6 Survey method
6 Statistical studies
6 athematical models
6 Simulation methods
6 Action research methods
Personnel decisions can be improved through personnel research
because better information leads to better solutions Personnel
research can offer valuable insights for managers as they attempt to
increase employee productivity and satisfaction while reducing
absenteeism and turnover.