You are on page 1of 23

LITERARY WORKS

To The Child Jesus

Memories of My Town
Rizal had gone to Manila to attend the
Ateneo Municipal in Manila. In the poem, he
fondly reminisces about his hometown and its
natural surroundings, including the lagoons,
the white lilies, the lakes, rivers and
woodlands he explored as a child. He equates
a happy childhood with the town and its
environment and ends with the wish that God
would keep its innocence safe forever.

When Jose Rizal was fifteen years old in 1876


and a student of Ateneo, he composed a
poem entitled Recuerdo a Mi Pueblo
(Memories of My Town).
Rizal, being away from his family, reminisced
his memories of childhood in his hometown,
Calamba, Laguna and wrote this poem to
express his love and appreciation for the place
where he grew up.

Analysis
Recuerdo A Mi Puebloor A Tribute to My Town consists of seven
stanzas, eight lines per stanzas and six syllables per line. It is seen
that Rizal expresses his genuine emotions by giving citation to
memories of his past.
On the first stanza, it is reflected that Rizal is recalling the sweet
memories of his childhood, when he stayed in the green fields with
cold wind breeze enjoying the fresh smell of nature. While on the
third stanza, Rizal expresses his feeling of longing for the life near
the lake while his mother cradles him with joy and love. He
mentioned that he misses the simple life way back home. The
fourth stanza signifies the candid Rizal, playing barefooted on the
woods and swimming on riverbanks. Moreover, he mentioned his
devotion as a catholic; that he misses praying in rural churches
with his pure intentions in his heart.
The fifth stanza is all about Rizals amusement and appreciation of
Gods creations. He expressed so by using words that describe the
aged forest and blue sky. The sixth stanza is considered as the
climax of this poem. Rizal gives significance to the beauty of his
hometown, a place founded by joyous memories the he longs for.
He also mentioned that all the pain of loneliness is eased by the
memories of his treasured hometown, that the hour he thinks of it

Emotions of the poem


First and Second Stanza - Happy Reminiscing
Third and Fourth Stanza Longing
Fifth Stanza - Admiration, Awe (emphasis on God and
Nature)
Sixth Stanza - Amazement, Excitement (emphasis on
beauty of Town)
Seventh Stanza - Parting, HopeAs seen in the title, and in
the words Rizal used, we can safely assume that this was
written during a time when Rizal wasn't in his hometown
anymore.A time when these memories werefresh
enough for him to remember how much he loved his
town so dearly, but these memories were also old
enough for it to give him a feeling of nostalgia. You can
feel how much he loves his town when he still wishes it
all the best even though they're parting ways.

Implications of the poem


Key phrases in understanding the deeper meaning within the
poem:
4th Stanza - I prayed in your rustic temple, a child, with a
childs devotion.
5th Stanza - upon your bosom, sorrows were ever unknown to
me;
6th Stanza - that drove away all pain: return to this heart of
mine.
Even though he was much more educated by the time
he was writing the poem, a part of him still preferred being
naive and innocent. (I.e. having a child's devotion.)And
wherever Rizal was, he wasn't as happy as when he was still
in his town ('return to this heart of mine that which drove
away all pain' and 'sorrows were ever unknown to
me'.)these are the phrases that emphasize more how much

Message to the present


Cherisheverythingaroundyou.
Useyourfeelingsandemotionstoyour advantage.
Goodbyesdon'talwaysmeanwhatwethinkthe ymean.
Don'tbeinahurrytogrowup.
Neverlosehope.
Humbleyourself.
Therearethingsoutofyourcontrol.
Haveananchor.
Tolovesomethingyoujusthavetoacceptit.

Kundiman

To the Flowers of Heidelberg

Song of Maria Clara

Hymn To Talisay
Jose Rizal spent his days in Dapitan with his pupils

and he taught them not to be afraid of anything


including the "ghost" in the balete trees. He challenge
them by letting them climb the balete tree. "Hymn to
Talisay" was written by Rizal for his pupils to sing
while they rendezvous under the Talisay tree.

Analysis

Hymn to Talisay was a poem written by Dr. Jose Rizal while in

exile in Dapitan. Rizal conducted his school at his home in


Talisay, near Dapitan. It is also where he had his farm and
hospital. His favorite meeting with his students who are mostly
boys was under talisay tree, after which the place was named.
In honor of Talisay, he wrote a poem entitled "Himno A
Talisay" for his pupils to sing. However, the Spaniards find the
poem subversive, having this poem being used by his
opponents against him during his trial.

Hymn to Talisay

The sandy beach of Dapitan


and the rocks of its lofty mountain
are your throne. O sacred asylum
where I passed my childhood days!
In your valley covered with flowers
and shaded by fruitful orchards,
our minds received their formation,
both body and soul, by your grace.

We are children, children born late,


but our spirits are fresh and healthy;
strong men shall we be tomorrow
that can guard a family right.
We are children that nothing frightens,
not the waves, nor the storm, nor the thunder;
the arm ready, the young face tranquil,
in a fix we shall know how to fight.

Emotions of the poem

1st stanza- the writer describes the scenery of

Dapitan.
2nd stanza- Describes the innocence of

children.
3rd stanza- Describes the living of the the

children in Dapitan.
4th stanza- Dr. Jose Rizal pinpointed the

unique ability of the Talisayons.

My Last Farewell
Rizal faced execution shortly after he wrote the poem, on

December 30, 1896, at the hands of a Spanish army firing squad.


The army's intent was to kill Filipino soldiers like Rizal, who had
formed a rebellion against the Spanish incursion. Rizal hide the
poem in an alcohol stove for his family members to find.
Rizal's poem was originally written in Spanish, without a title or
date attached to it. It has also been translated with the title,
"Goodbye, My Beloved Fatherland." Rizal is considered a national
hero in the Philippines, and his poem was later recited by
Indonesian soldiers prior to battle during the Indonesian National
Revolution in the 1940s.
"It is 14 stanzas long, and lauded for its nationalism. Rizal
emphasizes in the poem that in his death, he is finally finding
freedom from the oppression and enslavement the Filipinos faced
at the hands of the Spanish.

Analysis
Rizalwasgivinghislastmessagetohiscountrymen.For

him,offeringhislifewasthebestwayhecouldshowhis
loveforthecountry.Evenhewasgoingtodie,hewasnot
resentfulinsteadhechallengedtheeachoftheFilipinosto
serveandloveourcountry.Howeverhewasalsohopeful
thathisdeathwouldserveasinspirationtoeveryone.He
encouragedtheyouthtocontinuetodreamandfulfillit.

Implications of the poem


1st Stanza

* Rizals beautiful description of his


Fatherland. He used the biblical Eden to
describe the Pre-Hispanic Philippines which is
an imaginary time of purity and innocence. He
adores the beautiful country that he and
others are fighting for. He said that he is glad
to give his life to Filipinas even though his life
was brighter, fresher, or more blest than it is
now pertaining to the time when he wrote
the poem.

2nd Stanza

* The men who gave their life to his


beloved country. Rizal said that their
dedication and patriotism to the country is
without second thoughts. It doesnt matter
how one struggles, that all struggles, all
deaths, are worth it if it is for the good of
the country.

3rd Stanza

* It speaks of Rizals love of Liberty. The


image of dawn that Rizal used in the first line
signifies the liberation that he adores. In the
third and fourth line, he says that if the colour
of liberation lacks his blood, he must die for
the country to attain freedom.

4th Stanza

* Presents the flashback of Rizals love for


Patricia that started when he was young. He
was young when he saw the martyrdom of the
GOMBURZA and promised that he would
dedicate himself to avenge one day for those
victims. His dreams were to see his country in
eminent liberation, free from sorrow and grief.

5th Stanza

* Repeats Rizals dream of complete


Liberation. All Hail! signifies that he is
positively welcoming the dawn of freedom
after his death. He also repeats what he has
said in the third stanza that it is his desire to
dedicate his life to the Patria.

6th Stanza

* Describes the image of Rizals grave being


forgotten someday. The grassy sod may
represent the countrys development, the
growth of liberty, and that with the
redemption of the country, he becomes
forgotten.