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National Power Control Centre, Islamabad

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Presentation Sequence
 Introduction to NPCC
 System Operation, Control and Planning
 Load Management
 Dispatch Facilities at NPCC

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Introduction 4 .

4 kV distribution system  NPCC is control center of NTDC and is responsible for operation of generation and transmission system 5 . purchases power from generators and sells it to DISCOs  DISCOs construct. operates. operate. maintain 132/66 kV lines & grid stations and 11/0. maintains 500/220 kV lines/grid stations.INTRODUCTION TO NPCC  National Power Control Center (NPCC) is part of National Transmission and Despatch Company (NTDC) which is a corporate entity unbundled from WAPDA power wing  NTDC constructs.

Estimation of Month-wise Annual Energy. 6 . 6. 4. 5. To Maintain Security & Stability of network. To control Frequency and Voltage. Economic Dispatch.MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF NPCC 1. Operational Control of Power Network. To Maintain balance between Supply & Demand. 3. 2.

Advance Notifications to thermal plants for fuel arrangement. Short to medium term Operational Planning. Collection of System Data and preparation of Reports 7 7 .MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF NPCC 7. 8. 9. To Schedule maintenance SHUT-DOWNS on powerplants & Transmission network elements. 10.

Power System Structure HYDEL NUCLEAR THERMAL NTDC (NPCC Control) DISCOS 8 KESC .

National Power Control Centre  NPCC is responsible for Controlling and Monitoring of electrical power generation of plants and 500/220 kV Power Network of the country excluding Karachi.  Power Plants:  500 kV Grid Stations:  220 kV Grid Stations: 132 kV Grid Stations: 9 73 16 53 753 .

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System Operation Hierarchy NCC (National (National Control Control Centre) Centre) •• Generation Generation Control Control •• Switching Switching & & Operating Operating Control Control of of 500 500 & & 220 220 kV kV Network Network RCCN (Regional Control Centre North) Islamabad RCCS (Regional Control Centre South) Jamshoro Switching & Operation of 132 & 66 kV Northern Network Switching & Operation of 132 & 66 kV Southern Network 11 .

Organization Chart General Manager (SO) Chief Engineer (Network Op’n) Chief Engineer (Op’n Planning) Director LDP Manager PPC 12 Manager Power Control Manager RCC-N Manager RCC-S .

System Operation. Control and Planning 13 .

 Maximum Despatch:  Sources: 16.866 MW (06-July-2015) Hydel. Nuclear. Gas.873 MW 20. Coal. Solar 14 . Bagasse.Generation Despatch  Generation is despatched from power plants to end consumers through 500/220/132 kV Transmission Network. HSD.  Installed capacity:  De-rated capacity: 22. FO. Wind.812 MW.

873 MW) 5998 9973 6902 WAPDA HYDEL IPPS GENCO's Derated Capacity (20.812 MW) 4738 9172 15 6902 WAPDA HYDEL IPPS GENCO's .Generation Sources Installed Capacity (22.

Fuel Wise Installed Capacity 25000 22873 20000 15000 Capacity (MW) 10000 7097 8313 6210 5000 1153 665 0 16 84 Fuel Type 254 100 150 .

Derated Capacity Fuel Wise 25000 20812 20000 15000 Capacity (MW) 10000 7097 7283 5000 5360 1071 616 0 17 Fuel Type 72 254 100 30 .

Maximum Recorded Peak 16th. July 2015 18000 16866 16000 14000 12000 10000 Generation (MW) 8000 7605 6409 6000 4000 2852 2000 0 18 WAPDA HYDEL IPPS GENCO's Generation Source TOTAL .

weekly. 19 . yearly basis. keeping in view:  Irrigation indents of Hydel stations  Schedule outages  Forced outages  Constraints if any  Demand Forecasting/Estimation Based on historical trends  Despatch Of Available Generation As per merit order. monthly. quarterly.Generation Planning & Despatch Procedure and steps:  Generation Forecasting/Estimation on daily.

Economic Merit Order  Merit order of Thermal Plants is determined on the basis of fuel efficiencies. For example:  Voltage problem  Operating limits of GENCOs/IPPs  Transmission/Transformation Limitations. 20 .  Plants are dispatched in this order keeping in view the technical constraints if any.

Transmission Operation & Control Operational objectives of NPCC are:  Keeping balance between demand and supply all the time  Maintaining stable frequency  Maintaining system security and reliability  Keeping stable voltages over primary network  Monitoring of transmission & transformer parameters 21 .

22 . in following scenarios:  Planned shutdowns for maintenance. cleaning and washing activities  Emergent shutdowns in case of abnormal situations.SWITCHING OPERATIONS NPCC performs Switching Operation on Transmission Network.  Transmission lines and transformers tripping.

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Load Management 25 .

Generation/Demand Balancing System The primary function of NPCC is to keep balance between demand and supply & to ensure system security and reliability. GENERATIO N 26 DEMAND SYSTEM FREQUENCY = 50 HZ . In balanced condition system frequency is 50 Hz.

load management has to be carried out.Generation/Demand Balancing When demand exceeds generation. SYSTEM FREQUENCY < 50 HZ GENERATIO N DEMAND 27 . frequency depreciates below 50 Hz and in order to maintain balance between demand and generation.

Load Management  NPCC has to maintain the balance between demand and generation all the time.  Load Management is carried out to maintain balance between generation and demand otherwise system may undergo major disturbance leading to a partial or total collapse. 28 .

LOAD MANAGEMENT TYPES Scheduled Load Management System Security Load Management. 29 29 .

keeping in view the following factors. 30 30 .Scheduled Load Management Scheduled Load Management Carried out by DISCO’s. loading position of Transmission Lines and of Transformers .  Load Demand of respective DISCO. including 11 kV & below voltage level. system.  Constraints like voltage drop.  Generation Share allocated to DISCO by NPCC.

Non availability of Fuel. Examples of extreme emergencies: 1. 2. Un-foreseen generating unit Outages. Transmission/Transformer problems 31 . Abrupt change in Irrigation Indents.System Security Load Management System Security Load Management (Forced LS) Carried out by NPC by opening 132kV Transmission Lines in case of extreme system emergencies. 3. 5. Sabotage activities on Transmission Lines. Rupturing of Gas Pipe Lines. Non implementation of Schedule Load Management by DISCOs 4. 6. 7.

Hafizabad. Ghotki. Khairpur. Gujrat and Mandi Bahauddin LESCO: The Districts of Lahore.T Singh QESCO: Entire Balochistan Province IESCO: The districts of Rawalpindi. Naushehro Feroze. T. Sialkot. Mianwali. Kambar/ Shahdadkot. Tounsa Shari f to Rajanpur. Dadu and Some Portions of Jamshoro.Jacobabad. FESCO: The districts of Faisalabad.Dadu and Some Portions of Jamshoro. Okara and Sheikhupura. Kasur. Kashmore /Kandhkot.TESCO: Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)) and Frontier Regions-FRs PESCO : All districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa MEPCO: The area from Sahiwal to Sadiqabad. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad GEPCO: Districts of Gujranwala. Narowal. Jacobabad. Shaheed Benazirabad and Rahimyar Khan 32 . Bhakker. Khairpur. Sargodha. Shaheed Benazirabad and Rahimyar Khan. Bahawalnager to Bahawalpur. Shikarpur. Attock. Naushehro Feroze. SEPCO: Districts Sukkur. Sukkur. Jhang. Kashmore/Kandhkot. Shikarpur. Larkana. Khushab. Kambar/Shahdadkot. Larkana. HESCO: All Province of Sindh except Karachi. Chakwal. Ghotki.

Despatch Facilities available at NPCC 33 .

59x3. flexible to show any type of power system displays & geographical pictures.  Remote Terminal Units (RTUs) at outstations.Outline of Despatch Facilities  Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) System  LED Type Rear Projection Wall Display 9.  Frequency Recorder with very high time resolution.  Communication Network using OPGW and Digital PLC  Public Telephone and Fax  AMR System Display 34 .08m.

VIEW OF NATIONAL CONTROL CENTRE (NCC) 35 .

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