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National Network for Arab American Communities

Executive Critical Incident


Preparedness Briefing
March 16, 2016

Sanford Altschul

Why Emergency Preparedness


Planning?
Quick and effective action is required during the
onset of an emergency.
Effective action often depends on having plans
in place before the disaster strikes.
If response is delayed, staff, clients, visitors lives
maybe needlessly lost.

Emergency Planning

Risks/Hazards
Assessment
Planning
Likely Scenario
Resources

Risks/Vulnerabilities
Vulnerability
The propensity (susceptibility or tendency) of
people and things to be damaged by a hazard. A
person or groups vulnerability depends on their
capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and
recover from the impact of a hazard.
Risk
The likelihood of a disaster happening to a
particular group of people.

Risks/Vulnerabilities

Assessment What Are Your Risks?

Severe Weather
Power Outage
Hazardous Materials (Facility, Transportation)
Other Natural Disasters (Earthquake, flooding)
Civil Unrest
Bomb Threats
Violent Intruder

Assessment Conduct One


Survey the area
Identify Safe Areas
Identify Evacuation Routes and Assembly
Areas
Look to local resources Police, Fire,
Emergency Management, DHS
On-Line Tools

Preparedness

Preparedness - Implementation

Share the plan with employees, stakeholders


Install/Upgrade Security Systems
Develop Policies
Train (Tabletop Exercises, meetings, etc.)
Participate in Community Emergency
Preparedness Activities (Exercises, Seminars,
Workshops)
Link to local Law Enforcement Intelligence
Sharing System (e.g. Fusion Center)

The Plan
Plans take many different formats, has to work
for the organization, if not, wont be used.
To include:
Assessment (or reference to findings)
Key Resource contact information, including local city
and/or county departments
Key employee and management contact information
Emergency procedures
Some aspects of security procedures (some may be
sensitive/restricted

The Plan (cont.)


Locations of identified

Shelter areas
Evacuation routes
Evacuation Assembly Areas
Location of emergency supplies/equipment

Introduction, Purpose, Objectives, Scope, etc.


Site Maps

Bomb Threat

Bomb Threat
5-step process for effectively dealing with bomb threats:
1. Receiving the call and notifying the Control Point.
2. Evaluation of the call by the Control Point, and determining
which of the following steps is required:
A search
No search
An evacuation
3. A search of the premises.
4. If necessary, evacuation of the premises in an orderly
manner.
5. All clear.

Violent Intruder/Active Shooter


We can not predict the origin of the next threat
Assailants in recent incidents across the country were
not students or employees.
Victims are often unaware they were targets, until
attacked **
Very few of the attackers ever directed threats to their
targets before the attack.

Mitigation
Protective Measures:

Early Warning / Notification System

Surveillance System

Organization training involvement

Building construction

Established escape routes

Identification / location of safe rooms

SEE SOMETHING SAY SOMETHING

Responding to an Violent Intruder

RUN
HIDE
FIGHT
CALL 9-1-1

RUN
Always Be Aware
Know Escape Routes
Exits/Windows
Move quickly; dont wait for others to validate
your decision
Leave belongings behind
Survival chances increase if you are not where
shooter is or to go where he cant see you

HIDE
If you cant get out, secure the immediate area hide out
whether office, bathroom, storeroom, classroom
If you find yourself in an open area, immediately seek
protection
- Block/barricade the door using whatever is available
desks, file cabinets, books, other furniture
- If the shooter enters your room and leaves,
lock/barricade the door behind him
- If safe allow others to seek refuge with you
- If two or more of you, DO NOT huddle together

HIDE (cont.)
DOORS, WINDOWS, OPENINGS, and NOISE
- Close blinds
- Turn off electronics (TV, radio, etc)
- Dim or face computer monitors away from windows or doors
- Silence cell phones (put on vibrate)
- Place signs in exterior windows to identify the location of
injured persons
- Keep occupants calm and quiet
- After securing the room. People should be positioned out of
sight and behind items that might offer additional protection
walls, desks, file cabinets, etc.
- Stay low- reduce your profile

FIGHT
If no other choice!!!
Attempt to incapacitate and disrupt the
intruder
Act with physical aggression and throw
items at the intruder
Getting shot does not mean that you are
dead
You can and must keep going!

Resources

Local Emergency Management Office


State Emergency Management Office
Local Inter-Faith Coalition
National Inter-Faith Coalitions

Resources
Ready.gov
Faith Based Community of Practice,
Community.fema.gov
Fema.gov
IS-907 - Active Shooter: What You Can Do
http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/IS907.asp
IS-906 Workplace Security Awareness

Dhs.gov/activeshooter

Resources

Questions?

Thank you for attending

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