INFRARED BASED INDUSTRIAL GATE ENTRY/EXITS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

SUM,IT KUMAR NIRVASH KUMAR SHILPI SABIHIKI

INTRODUCTION
‡ This project involves gate entry management using infrared. The term ³infrared´ refers to a broad range of frequency beginning at top end of those frequencies used for communication and extending up to the low frequency (red) end of the visible spectrum. ³Near infrared´ light is closest in wavelength to visible light and ³Far infrared´ is closer to the microwave region of the electromagnetic spectrum. ‡ Infrared light, far infrared detector are sensitive to environmental changes-such as a person moving in the field of view. Night vision

I.R TRANSMITTER

I.R TRANSMITTER

I.R RECEIVER

I.R RECEIVER

What¶s a Microcontroller?
‡ A Microcontroller is a computer-on-a-chip, or, if you prefer, a single-chip computer. Micro suggests that the device is small, and controller tells you that the device might be used to control objects, processes, or events. ‡ Another term to describe a microcontroller is embedded controller, because the microcontroller and its support circuits are often built into, or embedded in, the devices they control.

Comparison of MCS-51 ICs MCSPart No. 8051 8031 8751 8052 8032 8752 8K EPROM 4K EPROM 8K ROM ROM/EPROM 4K ROM RAM 128B 128B 128B 256B 256B 256B Timers 2 2 2 3 3 3

8051 Pinouts
30pF
XTL1 (19) XTL2 (18)

VCC (40)

30pF

(29) (30) (31) (9)

PSEN ALE EA RST

8051

P0.7 P0.6 P0.5 P0.4 P0.3 P0.2 P0.1 P0.0 P1.7 P1.6 P1.5 P1.4 P1.3 P1.2 P1.1 P1.0 P2.7 P2.6 P2.5 P2.4 P2.3 P2.2 P2.1 P2.0

AD7(32) AD6(33) AD5(34) AD4(35) AD3(36) AD2(37) AD1(38) AD0(39) (8) (7) (6) (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) A15(28) A14(27) A13(26) A12(25) A11(24) A10(23) A9(22) A8(21)

Port 0

Port 1

Port 3

RD(17) WR(16) T1(15) T0(14) INT1(13) INT0(12) TXD(11) RXD(10)

P3.7 P3.6 P3.5 P3.4 P3.3 P3.2 P3.1 P3.0

Port 2

VSS(20)

Interfacing of LCD
8051
P1.0 ~ P1.7 D0 ~ D7 Rs R/W

LCD
VCC VEE VSS E 10K

P2.0 P2.1 P2.2

DESCRITION OF AT89S52
‡ The AT89S52 is a low-voltage, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 8K bytes of in-system programmable Flash memory. ‡ the Atmel AT89S52 is a powerful microcontroller which provides a highly-flexible and cost-effective solution to many embedded control applications . ‡ The device is manufactured using Atmel¶s high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry-standard 80C51 instruction set and pinout .

FEATURES
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Three-level programmable memory lock 256*8 bit Internal RAM Three 16 bit Timer/Counter Eight Interrupt Sources Watchingdog Timer Dual Data Pointer Flexible ISP Programming

CONCLUSION
‡ Microcontroller based request management system forms a vital link in the management chain. It can be widely implemented in the industries, hotels, hospitals, offices, etc. where there is a need to continuously monitor the requests and to meet them as soon as possible. ‡ A display unit is used to display the room number from which the request has arrived, and a buzzer produces an alarming sound to catch the attention of the person at the reception.

1. Software Reuirements: ‡ Assembler of ATMEL microcontroller series ‡ PADS for PCB designing 2. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Hardware requirements: Microcontroller AT89S52 LM7805 Regulator Resistors Capacitors Transistors Connectors

1. IR Transmitter:
I.R transmitter is used to transmit the Infrared. This infrared transmitter sends 68 KHz carrier under the control of micro controller .A 555 timer is used to give 68 KHz frequency signal to infrared LED.

2. IR Receiver:
This is also called ³EYE´. This EYE is widely used in T.V. receiver. It is used to detect the IR transmission.

OPERATION
This system is based on transmission and reception of IR. IR sensors are sensitive to person moving in the field of view. For securing a region IR is send in that region from one end and it is received on the other end. When a person enter in that region it cut the infrared, so at that moment receiver doesn¶t detect any signal and absence of IR is sensed by receiver which in turn blow an alarm. The transmitter and receiver are connected to the main device

APPLICATION 


Securing a region: It senses any human entering in the region. Counting of person entering: It also provides the function of counting the head cutting the infrared. So it can determine the person going out and IN in an office. Paper mill: This is also used in paper mill. It is used to detect the continuity of paper. When paper is cut it sense and indicate the cut of paper. Robotics: IR sensors are widely used in Robotics.  

REFERENCE
‡ ROBERT L. BOYLSTED AND LOUIS NASHELSKY ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUIT THEORY ,PEARSON EDU.ASIA 2002 ‡ RAMAKANT A.GAYAKWAD. OP AMPS AND LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS,PEARSON EDU 2003 ‡ M. MORRIS MANO,DIGITAL LOGIC AND COMPUTER DESIGN, PRENTICE HALL OF INDIA ‡ A.K.SAWNEY,A COURSE IN ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC MEASURMENTS , DHANPAT RAI AND CO. 2004

LM78XX/LM78XXA
‡ The LM78XX series of three terminal positive regulators are available in the TO-220 package and with several fixed output voltages, making

them useful in a wide range of applications. Each type employs internal current limiting, thermal shut down and safe operating area protection, making it essentially indestructible. If adequate heat sinking is provided, they can deliver over 1A output current. Although designed primarily as fixed voltage regulators, these devices can be used with external components to obtain adjustable voltages and currents.

FEATURES
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Output current up to 1A Output Voltage of 5,6,8,9,10,12,15,18,24 Thermal overload Protection Short Circuit protection Output transistor Safe Operating Area protection

Crystal oscillator
‡ A crystal oscillator is an electronic circuit that uses the mechanical resonance of a vibrating crystal of piezoelectric material to create an electrical signal with a very precise frequency. This frequency is commonly used to keep track of time (as in quartz wristwatches), to provide a stable clock signal for digital integrated circuits, and to stabilize frequencies for radio transmitters/receivers.

CAPACITOR
‡ A capacitor is a passive electrical component that can store energy in the electric field Capacitors are often used in electric and electronic circuits as energy-storage devices. They can also be used to differentiate between high-frequency and lowfrequency signals.

LCD
‡ The 7-segment display is used as a numerical indicator on many types of test equipment. It is an assembly of light emitting diodes, which can be powered individually. Alphanumeric displays are available which can show letters as well as numbers

Block Diagram of Computer System

BUZZER SECTION
‡ This section includes a buzzer as well as a resistance to limit the current. The buzzer operates in the range of 20-25mA. Buzzer is an indicating device which is used for checking the software condition and also used for indicating any specific condition.

RELAY SECTION ‡ RELAY is an isolator and an electrical switch The relay used is 12V-5A.To control the operation of relay an NPN transistor BC547 has been used. Whenever high signal comes at the base of NPN transistor it is switched on and whenever low arrives it is switched off. This section also consists of pull up & pull down resistance

MICROCONTROLLER SECTION
‡
This +5v supply is required for the controller to get start which is provided from the power supply section. This supply is provided at pin no.31and 40

+5v supply

.

‡

A crystal oscillator of 12 MHz is connected at pin no.19,x1 and pin no.18,x2 to generate the frequency for the controller. The crystal oscillator works on piezoelectric effect.

Crystal Oscillator

‡

Reset section: It consists of an RC network consisting of 10M/35V capacitor and one resistance of 1k. This section is used to reset the controller connected at pin no.9 of AT89c51.

BUZZER

MICROCONTROLLER 89S52 SUPPLY SECTION DISPLAY SECTION

TRANMITTER

RECEIVER

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.