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trignometry

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You are on page 1of 11

Trigonometry

B

Hypotenuse

Opposite Side

A

Adjacent Side

longest side, and opposite from the

right angle.

to Angle A.

into the triangle.

on the opposite side of the triangle

from Angle A.

B

Hypotenuse

Opposite Side

A

Adjacent Side

Angle A to Angle B.

the side next to Angle B.

the side that is on the opposite side

of the triangle.

Review

For Angle A

Hypotenuse

Opposite Side

Opposite Side

Adjacent

Adjacent Side

Side

For Angle B

B

Hypotenuse

This is the Adjacent Side

Trig Ratios

Use Angle B to name the sides

Using Angle A to name the sides

We can use the lengths of the sides of a

right triangle to form ratios. There are 3

different ratios that we can make.

B

Opposite

Hypotenuse

C Adjacent

Opposite

Hypotenuse

Adjacent

Hypotenuse

Opposite

Adjacent

Trig Ratios

The names also refer to an angle

Sine of Angle A =

Opposite

Hypotenuse

Cosine of Angle A =

Adjacent

Hypotenuse

Opposite

Tangent of Angle A =

Adjacent

Hypotenuse

Opposite

Adjacent

Trig Ratios

B

The way the ratios are made is the

same

Sine of Angle B =

Opposite

Hypotenuse

Cosine of Angle B =

Adjacent

Hypotenuse

Tangent of Angle B =

Opposite

Adjacent

Hypotenuse

Opposite

Adjacent

SOHCAHTOA

B

Here is a way to remember how

to make the 3 basic Trig Ratios

Hypotenuse

Opposite

Adjacent

sides for the appropriate angle

Sin is Opposite over Hypotenuse, Cos is Adjacent over Hypotenuse,

and Tan is Opposite over Adjacent

Put the underlined letters to make

SOH-CAH-TOA

First we will find the Sine, Cosine and

Tangent ratios for Angle P.

Next we will find the Sine, Cosine, and

Tangent ratios for Angle Q

P

12

Adjacent

16

Opposite

Remember SohCahToa

16

20

Sin P

Cos P

12

20

Tan P

16

12

20

Sin Q

12

20

Cos Q

16

20

Tan Q

12

16

P

B

20

12

3

Q

16

VABC VQPR

They are similar triangles, since

ratios of corresponding sides are

the same

Lets look at the 3 basic Trig

ratios for these 2 triangles

Sin Q

12

20

Cos Q

16

20

Tan Q

12

16

A

4

Sin A

3

5

Cos A

4

5

Tan A

3

4

Triangles are similar if the ratios of the

lengths of the corresponding side are the

same.

Triangles are similar if they have the same

angles

All similar triangles have the same trig

ratios for corresponding angles

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