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UNIVERSITAS NURTANIO

BANDUNG
TAHUN AJARAN 2014/2015

KELOMPOK V :
YOGI FRIMASTHA
ERY RAMADHAN
ARIEF YUDHA KURNIAWAN
GETAR PANJI ANARKI
LAMSIHAR ANDREANO SITANGGANG

LANDING GEAR
SYSTEMS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE

Will have a knowledge and


demonstrate of:
Landing gear system components,
safety warning indication, system
operation and maintenance.

LANDING GEAR SYSTEM

Aircraft Landing Gear, consists:


Main Landing Gear.
Auxiliary Landing Gear.
Where may or may not be retractable.

Main Landing Gear forms the principle


support of the aircraft on land or water
(include any combination of wheels, floats,
skis, shock-absorbing, brake, retract
mechanism, controls and warnings).
Auxiliary Landing Gear, consists of tail or
nose wheel; skids; necessary cowling

Tricycle landing gear retractable are


arrangement with the Main Gears and Nose
Gear.
Main gear consist of two oleo/pneumatic struts
with pair of wheels and brakes.
Nose gear steerable oleo/pneumatic.

Some of aircraft have dual wheels on strut and


more than two wheels referred to as bogie.
Retraction and extension by hydraulic with
selector lever in the flight compartment.
Alternate extension can be mechanically,
pneumatic compressor air.

Shock strut contains hydraulic that support


aircraft on the ground and protect structure by
absorbing shock load.
Consists of two telescopic cylinder (inner and
outer).
Lower chamber always filled with fluid, the
upper chamber contains compressed air.

Orifice/metering pin
between two chamber
provides a passage of fluid
during extension retraction.

Controlling the rate of fluid flow


during compression.
Damping or snubbing on some shock
strut equipped to reduce the rebound
during extension prevent rapidly
extension of shock strut.
Axle on shock strut to provide for
installation of wheels.

Fluid filler and air valve assembly to provide


of filling the strut with hydraulic and
inflating air.

Packing gland designed to seal sliding also to keep


sliding surface free form dirt would result in leaks.

Shock struts are equipped with torque arm/link


attached to upper and lower cylinders to
maintain correct alignment of the wheel.
Nose strut provided with upper locating cam
attached to upper cylinder and a mating lower
locating cam (centering cam), this cam lineup to
straight of wheel when strut fully extended;
prevent possible structural damage.

When strut extends contacting slopping area


centering contact and slides, so aligns and
rotates the nose gear into a straight a head
direction.

Shimmy damper attached on gear struts selfcontained hydraulic to prevent wheel fast leftright/flutter (oscillation) during rolling,
accomplished by metering of hydraulic fluid
through small orifice of two chamber.

Shimmy Damper (Nose wheel).


Control vibration or shimmy through
hydraulic damping and prevent
shimmy during take-off roll.
Piston type.
Vane type.
Incorporated in the nose wheel
power steering.

Servicing shock strut:


Jacking the aircraft.
Release air valve slowly (ensure
the strut compress).
Fill the strut with approved
fluid to the level service.
Inflate the strut using nitrogen
air pressure.
Tighten the air valve.
Inspect shock strut for leakage
and proper extension.

Torque Link-keep the landing gear straight is


attached to upper cylinder and lower cylinder of
shock strut.
Links are hinged while the cylinder can move
up and down.

The strut attached to the structure to enable


the strut swing.
Drag struts are hinged so the landing gear can
be retracted.

An electric gear retraction, using motor converts


electrical energy to rotation.
Control by switch, the motor movement be
reverse while gear to down.

Ground Lock.
Prevent collapse the gear when the aircraft is on the ground,
additional safety devices are installed (ground lock pins)
which have red tape REMOVE BEFORE FLIGHT.

Steering system,
provide nose wheel
steering capabilities
through mechanical
linkage to the rudder
pedal.

Brake system used for slowing, stopping,


holding or steering aircraft.
Brakes are installed in each main landing gear
wheel, entire brake system inspected about
supply hydraulic pressure.

Three type brake systems are:


Independent systems.
Power control systems.
Power boost systems.

BRAKE ASSEMBLY, common used are:


Single-disk.
Dual-disk.
Multiple-disk.
Segmented rotor or expander tube.

Single-disk and Dual-disk are commonly use on


small aircraft.
Multiple-disk normally used on medium aircraft.
Segmented rotor or expander tube found on heavier
aircraft.

Inspection and Maintenance.


Proper fluid level to prevent brake failure or air
into the system, removed by bleeding the system.
Two methods of bleeding brake system:
From top downward (gravity method

WHEELS.
Provide the mounting for tires which absorb
shock on landing, support the aircraft on
ground and assist ground control during taxi,
take-off and landing.
Wheels usually made from aluminum or
magnesium, provide strong, light weight;
there are:
Split wheel (most popular)
Removable type.
Drop center fixed flange type.

Thanks for your atention