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INSTITUT PENDIDIKAN GURU KAMPUS PULAU PINANG

SEMESTER 1 (SESI JAN-MEI) TAHUN 2016


PROGRAM IJAZAH SARJANA MUDA PERGURUAN (PISMP)
DENGAN KEPUJIAN (TESL) PENDIDIKAN RENDAH
EDUP3033
LEARNING AND LEARNERS
( Major)
Individual Presentation
(30%)
Current Teaching Approaches

DEMONSTRATION
Presenter:
Aghilah Chandra Sekaran
2014272340072

Based on your major subject, present


teaching and learning activities by
applying ONE of the current teaching
approaches, strategies and techniques
below

Current Teaching Approaches


DEMONSTRATION
Discuss the effectiveness of the
applied teaching methods in
achieving learning objectives in
Malaysia.

Definition
Essential teaching approach in supporting the learning of a
skill at any level or grade and is the most supportive of all
the teaching approaches (Cambourne 1988; Mooney 1990)
Demonstrationinvolves showing by reason orproof,
explaining or making clear by use of examples
orexperiments.
Refers to projects, presentations, or products through
which teachers demonstrate

VERBAL EXPLANATION +
LIVE DISPLAY/ USE OF APPARATUS
= DEMONSTRATION

Roles
TEACHER

STUDENT

instructor
Demonstrator
Facilitator

Learner
Participant

STRENGTH

WEAKNESS

Students learn faster

Time consuming

Makes complex things easy

Communication barriers

Learning becomes more stimulating through


exploration and experience

Becomes a failure when there is a great


number of students

There is immediate application and product


of learning

Need practice and good class management


skills

The teacher gets to instantly see and correct Instructions must be very clear and
the mistakes of students
appropriate to the audiences
Though, teachers behavior is autocratic,
teacher draws the cooperation of pupils in
the learning process

Needs a very skilled and talented instructor

Develops interest and motivates active


participation

Does not activate the cognitive domain of


students as it is teacher centered

Helps in achieving psychomotor skills

Mostly applicable for skills subjects

How to effectively execute


Demonstration?
PLAN

Know your
audience

Set your
objectives

Facilitate with
clear
instructions
and body
gestures

Use Training
Aids

Hands On
Practice

Rehearse to
set time limit

Be organized

Guidelines to apply Demonstration approach in


classroom
BEFORE
DURING
AFTER
The demonstrator must be skilled
and knowledgeable.

The place must be quiet.

Allow some questions.

Make sure that the materials to be


used are available.

Extreme care must be taken


in performing some delicate
steps.

Examination

All the equipment and tools to be


used should be ready ahead of
time.

Activity must not be


interrupted by unnecessary
noise.

Analysis of trends, patterns.

The demonstrator must try


everything to be demonstrated.

Taking notes are allowed


while observing.

Conclusion undertaken by the


class.

Observers must be motivated.


Demonstrator must be flexible
about on-the-spot revisions.
Proper room arrangment.
Preparation of questions to help
students focus

Short test. Oral evaluation.


Performance.

The effectiveness of demonstration in


Malaysian classroom
Resolves the struggle in student to connect theories to actual
practice or understand the application of theories
Generate confidence as they already forecast or have seen
the result
To help students identify and organize the subject matter.
To assist students in understanding and, where necessary, in
memorizing the subject matter.
Enables to student to conceptualize and make
decisions/conclusion by critically solving the problem.
Mastery learning

Subject
KSSR Year 6 SJK (C)/ SJK (T)
Unit 2, Theme: Making decisions
Listening skill and Writing skills
Grammar : Able to use Sentence Connectors
correctly and appropriately.
Textbook page: 10- 19

Its Activity Time !


Come, lets learn some sentence connectors.
BUT
Listen carefully! There are some rules and regulations for this
activity.
GOOD LUCK !!!
(Please refer the appendix for writing skills; notes)

Narration on how to make a dog origami.

Firstly, cut a piece of paper into a


perfect square. Then, fold the paper into
half. Again, fold the paper into half to
create a crease. After that, fold the two
edges of the triangle to make the ears of
the dog. Also, fold the other edge of the
triangle too create mouth of the dog.
Lastly, draw the features of a dog.

Well Done !
Congratulations !

Thank You.

Conclusion
A good demonstration is
an audio-visual
presentation. It is not
enough that the teacher
talks. To be effective,
his/her demonstration
must be accompanied by
some visuals.

To plan and prepare


adequately for a
demonstration, we first
determine our goals, the
materials we need our
steps, and rehearse. The
strategy of class and time
management is the most
fundamental element.

THANK YOU!!!