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Group Review

ENERGY, WAVES AND


LIGHT

Rules for Group Review


You must work with your group.
Only one person may answer for your group.
You may not talk during other groups turns or

your group will lose points.


If you repeat an incorrect answer, your group
will lose points.
You may not use anything during Group
Review except your brains.
If voice levels cannot be controlled, we will
stop playing and instead have a pop quiz.

Bonus Round!!!!
At the end of each scoring round, there will be an

opportunity for Garbage Ball.


For this, one member from each team will be given the
chance to try to shoot the Garbage Ball into the small
garbage can.
If the team member makes the shot, the team earns that
rounds points as extra points.
In the case of excessive cheering, teams can be penalized.
In the case of excessive insulting, teams can be penalized.

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


A toy robot can walk and talk and runs on batteries. What

type of energy is stored in the batteries?


A. chemical
B. kinetic
C. nuclear
D. Thermal
A. chemical

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


A guitar string vibrates to produce sound. Which

type of energy is converted to sound energy?


A. chemical energy
B. light energy
C. kinetic energy
D. thermal energy
C. kinetic energy

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


On a cold winter day, Delia puts logs into a fireplace.

Then she strikes a match and sets the logs on fire. As


the fire burns, which two forms of energy are released?
A. light and thermal
B. chemical and light
C. thermal ad electrical
D. electrical and chemical
A. light and thermal

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


A flashlight runs on a battery. If the light is left on the

battery runs out and the flashlight stops working.


Which statement best describes what has happened
to the batterys energy?
A. It has been destroyed.
B. It has changed to potential energy.
C. It has been stored as kinetic energy.
D. It has changed to thermal energy and light energy.
D. It has changed to thermal energy and light
energy.

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


When a skateboarder reaches the top of a half-pipe

ramp, what type of energy is at its maximum?


A. Mechanical energy
B. Kinetic energy
C. Potential energy
D. Chemical energy
C. Potential energy

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


A solid rock is sitting on the ground. Which

statement best describes the particles that


make up the rock?
A. not moving at all
B. vibrating, but not changing place
C. constantly sliding over each other
D. always moving from place to place

B. vibrating, but not changing place

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


Clarissa warms some hot chocolate in a microwave

oven. How are the particles that make up the hot


chocolate different as the temperature increases?
A. They move slower.
B. They have less energy.
C. They move farther apart.
D. They are arranged in a pattern.
C. They move farther apart.

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


Which description defines heat?
A. total thermal energy of an object or substance
B. change in the temperature of a substance degrees

Celsius
C. energy transferred between objects at differ
temperatures
D. average kinetic energy of the particles that make
up a substance
C. energy transferred between objects at
differ temperatures

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


As energy in the form of heat is added to an ice cube, it

begins to melt. What causes melting?

A. Heat causes the molecules in the ice cube to expand and

forces them apart.


B. Heat removes thermal energy from the ice cube and
causes it to become liquid water.
C. The additional energy causes the bonds between
hydrogen and oxygen in the ice cube to break.
D. The transfer of thermal energy to the ice cube causes its
molecules to move faster.
D. The transfer of thermal energy to the ice

cube causes its molecules to move faster.

Energy, Energy Transformations and Heat


Willa holds a pan over a campfire and feels warmth

from the fire. Most of the warmth Willa feels comes


from which of the following processes?
A. conduction
B. convection
C. insulation
D. Radiation
D. Radiation

Waves and Light


Sunlight is composed of energy that is visible to

humans and energy that is not visible to humans.


Which statement describes which visible energy from
the Sun is different from the non-visible energy?
A. It travels at a different speed.
B. It travels a different distance.
C. It has different wavelengths.
D. It has different amplitudes.
C. It has different wavelengths.

Waves and Light


The energy generated by the sun travels to Earth as

electromagnetic waves. Because the radiation from the sun


travels to Earth in varying wavelengths, scientists consider
them to be a spectrum. Which statement describes an
electromagnetic wave with a long wavelength?
A. It has a high frequency and low energy.
B. It has a high frequency and high energy.
C. It has a low frequency and can travel through a vacuum.
D. It has a low frequency and needs a medium to travel

through.
C. It has a low frequency and can travel through a
vacuum.

Waves and Light


Which material is translucent?
A. pure air
B. clear plastic
C. frosted glass

C. frosted glass
D. construction paper

Waves and Light


When you listen to the radio, watch TV, or cook food in a

microwave, you are using a device that makes use of man-made


electromagnetic waves. Which statement about electromagnetic
waves is false?
A. Electromagnetic waves travel at the speed of light in a vacuum.
B. Electromagnetic waves need a medium to travel through.
C. Different wavelengths of light are interpreted by our eyes as

different colors.
D. The transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves is called
electromagnetic radiation.
B. Electromagnetic waves need a medium to travel
through.

Waves and Light


An earthquake wave travels from its source

underground to the ocean floor. What will happen to


the wave when it meets the water in the ocean?
A. It will stop.
B. It will move faster.
C. It will move slower.
D. It will continue to move at the same speed.
C. It will move slower.

Waves and Light


Sonia tapped one end of a long wooden table. Sanjay and

Marc listened to the sounds. Sanjay pressed his ear to the


table and heard the taps that seemed louder than the taps that
marc heard. Why?
A. Less energy reached Sanjays ear than Marcs ear.
B. Particles of wood are farther apart than particles of air.
C. Sound travels through air and wood at different speeds.
D. The taps only made the table vibrate, they did not make

the air vibrate.


C. Sound travels through air and wood at different
speeds.

Waves and Light


Emma measured the maximum displacement of a wave

that she made by moving the end of a string up and


down. What property of a wave was she measuring?
A. period
B. frequency
C. amplitude

C. amplitude
D. wavelength

Waves and Light


Electromagnetic energy travels through space as

waves. The electromagnetic spectrum includes all


electromagnetic waves, arranged according to
frequency and wavelength. Which of these is an
example of an electromagnetic waves?
A. radio wave
B. sound wave
A. radio wave

C. ocean wave
D. gravitational pull

Waves and Light


Habib looks around his classroom at different objects.

Which object reflects almost all of the light that strikes


it?
A. white poster board
B. clear window glass
A. white poster board

C. bright overhead light


D. black construction paper

Waves and Light


Ashley puts a straw into a glass of water. She notices

that when she looks through the glass and the water
from the side, the straw appears to be broken. Which
term best explains why the straw looks like it is broken?
A. absorption
B. refraction
B. refraction

C. scattering
D. transmission

Final Question!!!!
Talk to your group to decide how
many points you want to wager.
If you get the Final Question
correct, you will add the wagered
points to your score.
If you dont, you will lose the
points.

Final Question
What three waves have shorter wavelengths and
higher frequencies than visible light?
.

Ultraviolet Light, X-Rays and Gamma Rays