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Presenter: Lim Jayeon Kyung-Ja Park, Hikyoung Lee, Seokhwan Jung Korea University
Introduction Hanbok Kimchi Etiquette V. Table Manners . . . .
(1) The Definition of Culture
Definition given by Giddens:
Culture refers to the way of life of the members of a society, or of groups within a society.
Definition given by Bierstedt:
Culture is the entire complex of what one does and thinks as a member of society. It includes all the ways of living and doing and thinking that have been passed down from one generation to the next and that have become an accepted part of a society.
(2) The Importance of Culture
Culture determines what we see, what we think,
what we learn, how we talk and read, and so on.
(3) The Content of Culture
- Idea (Thinking): A part of the intellectual heritage of the people who live in that society. - Norms (Doing): The type of behavior that is considered socially acceptable or unacceptable. - Things (Having): What we have as members of a society.
(4) Features of culture
- Material level: Composed of all the things we make and use. - Behavioral level: The way we act and do things. - Mental level: Includes not only our subconscious attitudes but also our conscious beliefs.
(5) Examples of culture
- The type of clothing we wear has different meanings to different people.
ex.) Blue jeans: No longer considered French or American, but a part of 21st century world culture.
(1) Men¶s Hanbok
Men¶s Hanbok consists of : Paji (trousers) : Chogori (jacket) and optionally : Chokki (vest) : Magoja (over-jacket)
(2) Women's Hanbok
Women's Hanbok consists of : Ch'ima (high-waist skirt) : Chogori (jacket with bow)
(3) Special Clothing
1) Wedding ceremony:
For weddings, the bride wore ceremonial clothes such as a green Chogori , a red Ch'ima under a robe, and a Chokturi (a black crown).
For funerals, Koreans wore white or black dresses and robes made of linen.
Men: Poson (traditional socks), Taenim (ankle bands), belt, Kat (a horse-hair hat), long shoes for men Women: Poson (traditional socks), Norigae (ornaments)
(5) Putting on Hanbok (for men) Paji Chogori and tie coat strings Poson and tie Taenim Chokki Magoja Turumagi
(1) A valuable cultural asset
- An indigenous Korean food:
Kimchi is an unique side dish, indispensable for any Korean meal, and therefore, it has always been the most representative Korean food.
- Koreans' love of kimchi:
Koreans' love of kimchi remains unchanged and is enjoyed by all generations.
- The popularity of kimchi:
Kimchi is gaining popularity around the world and is being exported to countries including Japan.
(2) Making Kimchi
Kimchi can be made with almost any vegetable such as Chinese cabbage, turnips, cucumbers, eggplants, sesame leaves, and mustard leaves. - A recipe for making Baechu (cabbage) Kimchi : Stuff various vegetables and condiments into the leaves of a whole cabbage which has been soaked in salted water overnight. Condiments: Thin strips of turnip, salted fish, red pepper powder, salt, spring onions, garlic, and oysters. Put kimchi into a large earthenware jar and bury underground for a month, then eat.
There are records indicating that people made and ate Kimchi in the oldest Korean states. In the 18th century, red pepper powder was first brought to Korea and added to Kimchi.
There are more than one hundred varieties of
kimchi: Made by stuffing Chinese cabbage with condiments. The most general kind of kimchi. -Kkakdugi: Made of oriental turnips cut into cubes and mixed with various condiments. -Dongchimi: A soup-like Kimchi made by putting whole oriental turnips in salt water without red pepper powder. -Baek kimchi: Made without red pepper powder, it is white; thus it is called Baekkimchi (µbaek¶ means white).
(5) Medical benefits
Aside from Kimchi's basic purpose as a side dish, recent medical studies have shown that Kimchi reduces body fat, delays aging, and boosts immune system.
(1) Manners and customs
- Etiquette in daily life 1) Shoes are always removed when entering a Korean home. 2) Koreans usually prepare many dishes when inviting guests. 3) Using both hands when handing something to someone. 4) Koreans do not easily express their feelings. 5) Public displays of affection between the sexes are frowned upon. 6) Koreans generally respect the elderly.
Every culture has its own gestures 1) Beckoning someone 2) Making an ³O´ with fingers 3) Touching older people or members of the opposite gender 4) Laughing when embarrassed.
Differences between the Korean and Western handshake: Duration: The Western handshake tends to be quite brief while the Korean handshake is often longer. Firmness: Koreans usually shake hands rather loosely while the Western handshake is very firm with both persons using a firm grip. Politeness: The use of the left hand indicates degrees of politeness and formality for Koreans. Inclusion of a bow: The traditional oriental bow and the Western handshake have been combined in Korea.
(4) Jeol: Korean Bow
Jeol is a deep bow of courtesy to show reverence and gratitude to others.
Keunjeol (Big bow): Performed when the greeted person is unilaterally respected. Pyungjeol Banjeol
1) Bow: Traditional greeting 2) Handshake + Bow: between men 3) Professional meetings: handshake -> exchange business cards -> presenting & accepting the cards with both hands 4) Women shake hands less often than men do.
5) Between peers or for subordinates: ³Annyong haseyo?(Are you at peace?, How are you?´). 6) Children: ³Annyong?´ Bow or nod when greeting adults or people other than friends and relatives 7) Use of honorifics to show respect: ³Annyong hashimnikka?´
V. Table Manners (1) Traditional table manners
Dining tradition is a uniquely valuable cultural feature that identifies the distinctiveness of Korean people.
Sa-so-jol (1775) by Duk-moon Lee Nae-hoon (1475) by Queen So-hye ³..Do not eat more if you are full, do not pick up solid ingredients from soup, do not season your soup at the table«´
(2) Table Settings
-Korean food is not
served in courses, but instead is placed on the table simultaneously