PRESENTATION Swine flu Bird flu

Content
Introduction History Symptoms Transmission High risk people Preventive measures Vaccination

Swine Flu
Respiratory disease of pigs Pig influenza, Swine influenza, Hog influenza, Pig flu Curable disease Typical seasonal flu

Incubation period is 7 days Viral disease Swine influenza virus- SIV virusinfluenza A H1N1 virus

INLFUENZA A VIRUS

H1N1

H1N2

H3N1

H2N3

History
Pandemic in Pigs US Outbreak US Outbreak Philippine Outbreak Outbreak in humans 1918 1976 1998 2007 2009

Symptoms
Fever Muscle aches Lethargy Coughing Headache Sore throat Runny nose Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Lack of appetite

Severe Symptoms
Fast breathing Bluish skin color Not drinking enough fluids Severe or persistent vomiting Not walking up FluFlu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough

Transmission of Swine Flu
Coughing Sneezing Kissing Touching infected objects Touching nose, mouth and/or eyes with infected hands

High Risk Groups
pregnant women children under age two years people with chronic medical problems, such as chronic lung disease, like asthma, cardiovascular disease, diabetes children and adults with obesity

Prevention
Covering nose and mouth with a tissue upon coughing and sneezing followed by proper disposal of the tissue. Avoiding contact with ill persons. Avoiding the urge to touch nose, mouth and eyes in general. Staying home from work and/or school upon onset and for the duration of symptoms. Proper handwashing

Providing tissues in common areas of homes, common and public areas. Encouraging pursuit of medical evaluation at earliest onset of symptoms. Use of masks to those who are exhibiting symptoms or who are ill. Maintenance of a 3 to 6 foot perimeter around a coughing patient.

Will I die from Swine flu?
Respiratory failure Pneumonia High fever leading to neurological problems Dehydration Electrolyte imbalance

Vaccination
Antiviral medicines Oseltamivir ( Tamiflu ) is in pill form. It stops the flu virus entering the cells and blocks the release of new copies of cells. Zanamivir ( Relenza ) is an inhaled medication. It stops the release of new copies of virus from infected cells in the lungs.

Bird Flu
Avian influenza Viral disease Influenza A virus is causative agent H5N1, H7N7, H9N2, H7N2 Incubation period is 3 ² 5 days

H5N1

History
First identified Hong Kong Hong Kong China Indonesia 1878 1997 1999 2003 2004

Symptoms
Fever Sore throat Cough Headache Aching muscles

Severe symptoms
Eye infections Pneumonia, including viral pneumonia Acute respiratory distress Inflammation of the brain and heart

Transmission
By Air borne droplets Direct contact Indirect contact

Prevention
Use clinical masks to cover mouth and nose so that the virus don't find the passage to enter through mucous membrane. Wash your hands frequently and wear the medically approved gloves Sanitation is very important so disinfect your home with sanitizers If you work in a poultry wear the masks and the gloves for complete protection

Wash your hands with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds before and after handling raw poultry and eggs Clean cutting boards and other utensils with soap and hot water to keep raw poultry from contaminating other foods. Use a food thermometer to make sure you cook poultry to a temperature of at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit

Do not mix cooked and uncooked meat together DO NOT use the same knife to cut anything else until you have washed the dirty knife

VACCINATION
Antiviral medications Oseltamavir Zanamavir

Eating Poultry gives Bird Flu?
Properly cooked meat is safe to eat, ensuring there is no blood in it Full boiled egg and omelet is safe to use as compared to half boiled egg

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