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Security Level: Internal Use

2008-08

HUAWEI GSM DBS3900


Hardware Structure

Issue 4.0

Wireless Case and Training

HUAWEI Confidential

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DBS3900 is a distributed BTS solution developed by Huawei


Technologies Co.,Ltd. Its baseband part and radio part can be
installed independently so that it can be used to various
environments with wide coverage and low cost.

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Know the functions and features of DBS3900

Master the Hardware structure and function of DBS3900

Master the Network topologies of DBS3900

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DBS3900 Electronic Documentation

BBU3900 Quick Installation Guide

RRU3004 Quick Installation Guide

DBS3900 Deployment Guide

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Chapter 1 DBS3900 System Description


Chapter 2 DBS3900 Hardware Structure
Chapter 3 DBS3900 Network Topologies

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Location
Um Interface

MS
DBS3900

TUP,ISUP
BSC

PSTN
ISDN
PSPDN

A Interface
MS

MSC/VLR
MAP

DBS3900

HLR/AUC/EIR

BTS
MS

M
AP

SMC/VM

OMC

DBS3900

MS: Mobile Station

BTS: Base Transceiver Station

BSC: Base Station Controller

HLR: Home Location Register

AUC: Authentication Center

EIR: Equipment Identity Register

MSC: Mobile Switching Center

VLR: Visitor Location Register

SMC: Short Message Center

VM: Voice Mailbox

OMC: Operation and Maintenance Center

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DBS Distributed Base Station

Chapter 1 DBS3900 System Description


Chapter 2 DBS3900 Hardware Structure
Chapter 3 DBS3900 Network Topologies

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Abbreviation
RRU

Remote Radio unit

BBU

Base Band unit

GTMU

Transmission& Timing& Management Unit for BBU

UPEA

Universal power and Environment interface unit


Type A (-48v)

BSBC

Universal BBU Subrack Backplane Type C (2U)

UBFA

Universal BBU Fan Unit Type A (2U)

UEIU

Universal Environment Interface unit

UELP

Universal E1/T1 Lighting Protection unit

UFLP

Universal FE/GE Lighting Protection unit

CPRI

Common Protocol Radio Interface

APM

Advanced Power Module

IBBS

Integrated Backup Battery System

OFB

Outdoor Facility Box

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Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components


Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure
Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure
Sector 4 RRU Work Mode Introduction

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DBS3900

The DBS3900 consists of the BBU3900 and the RRU3004.

The BBU3900 is an indoor baseband unit. It provides physical interfaces for


connection with the BSC and RRU. It performs centralized management (OM
and signaling processing) of the entire base station system and provides
reference clock for the system.

The RRU3004 is an outdoor remote RF unit. It processes baseband signals


and RF signals.

The Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) and Man-Machine Interactive (MMI)


can implement the maintenance of the DBS3900 through the BBU3900.
RRU3004

RRU3004

BBU3900

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RRU3004

Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components


Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure
Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure
Sector 4 RRU Work Mode Introduction

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BBU3900
The BBU3900 is an indoor BTS control unit that enables interaction

between the BTS and the BSC.


The BBU3900 performs the following functions:

Provides physical interfaces between the BTS and the BSC for
interaction.

Provides CPRI ports for communication with the RRU3004.

Provides the USB port for downloading the BTS software.

Provides OM channels for connection to the LMT (or M2000).

Processes UL and DL data.

Provides centralized management on the entire DBS system, such as


OM and signaling processing.

Provides the reference clock for the entire system.

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Logical Structure of the BBU3900

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Hardware Components of BBU3900

The typical power consumption of the BBU is 35 W.

The weight of the BBU isnt more than 10KG.

Each BBU3900 supports a maximum of 36 TRXs, and 12 cells.

The BBU is a small box with all the external ports on the front panel.

The BBU3900 boards consist of the BSBC, UEIU, GTMU, and UELP; the
BBU3900 modules consist of the UBFA and the UPEU.

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BSBC Board

The BSBC is the backplane of the BBU. The BSBC provides eight
board slots, two power slots, and one fan slot.

The universal BBU sub-rack backplane type C (2U) (BSBC) provides


backplane interfaces for communication between boards and supplies
power for boards.

The GTMU is located in slots 5 and 6, slot 7 for a main control board
that supports 3G, and other ports as common slots.

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GTMU Board
The GSM transmission, timing, and management unit for BBU (GTMU)

controls and manages the entire BTS. It provides interfaces related to the
reference clock, power supply, OM, and external alarm collection.
The GTMU performs the following functions:

Controls, maintains, and operates the BTS


Supports fault management, configuration management, performance
management, and security management
Monitors the fan module and the power supply module
Distributes and manages BTS clock signals
Provides clock input for testing
Provides the Ethernet port for terminal maintenance
Supports four E1 inputs
Provides the CPRI ports for communication with the RRU

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GTMU Board

Ports on the GTMU Panel


Port

Type

Cable

Description

CPRI0
CPRI5

DLC
connector

CPRI optical cable


between the BBU
and the RRU

Provides the input and output of the optical signals

ETH

RJ45
connector

Crossover cable
(delivered with the
equipment)

Performs local maintenance and commissioning

FE0

RJ45
connector

A reserved port that performs the following function:


Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room
through the Ethernet cable to transmit network information

FE1

DLC
connector

A reserved port that performs the following function:


Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room
through the optical cable to transmit network information

USB

USB
connector

A reserved port that performs the following function:


Automatically upgrades the software through the USB disk

TST

USB
connector

Tests the output clock signals with a tester

E1/T1

DB26 male
connector

E1/T1 cable of the


BBU

Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals


between the GTMU and the UELP or between the GTMU and
the BSC

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UBFA Module

The universal BBU fan unit type A (2U) (UBFA) communicates with the
GTMU to regulate the temperature, adjust the fan speed, and report
alarms. The UBFA module is hot swappable.

LED

Color

Status

STATE

Green

Blinking twice per


second

The board is not securely


connected. An alarm is not
generated.

Red

On

An alarm is generated.

Green

Blinking once
every two
seconds

The board operates normally.

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Description

UPEU Module

The universal power and environment interface unit type A (48 V) (UPEU)
supports the 48 V DC power input, supplies power to the boards, modules, and
fan in the BBU, and provides access to multiple environment monitoring signals.
Port

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Type

Description

MON0

RJ45
Connector

Provides the input and output of the


externally collected environment
monitoring signals to the GTMU
according to the RS485 communications
protocol

MON1

RJ45
Connector

Reserved

EXTALM0

RJ45
Connector

Transmits the externally collected


environment monitoring signals to the
GTMU through communications protocol
related to the dry contact

EXTALM1

RJ45
Connector

Reserved

PWR

3V3Power
Connector

48V power input

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UEIU Board

The universal environment interface unit (UEIU) supports multiple


environment monitoring signals. The UEIU supports eight Boolean
alarm signals and two RS485 environment monitoring signals.

The UEIU is optional. It is configured when the environment interfaces


are insufficient.
Port

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Type

Description

MON0

RJ45
Connector

Provides the input and output of the


externally collected environment
monitoring signals to the GTMU
according to the RS485
communications protocol

MON1

RJ45
Connector

Reserved

EXTALM0

RJ45
Connector

Transmits the externally collected


environment monitoring signals to the
GTMU through communications
protocol related to the dry contact

EXTALM1

RJ45
Connector

Reserved

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UELP Board

The universal E1/T1 lightning protection unit (UELP) provides lightning


protection for four E1/T1 signals.

Port

Type

Cable

Description

INSIDE

DB25 male connector

E1 transfer cable
of the BBU

Transfers the four E1/T1 signals between the


UELP and the GTMU

OUTSIDE

DB26male connector

E1/T1 cables of
the BBU

Provides the input and output of the four


E1/T1 signals between the BBU and the BSC

UELP Board provides a DIP switch to set impedance of E1/T1.


DIP Switch

DIP Status
1

SW1

Description
4

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

Twisted-pair cable 100 T1 or 120 E1

ON

OFF

ON

OFF

Coaxial cable 75 E1

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BBU Cables

The BBU3900 cables are classified into the PGND cable, 48 V DC


power cable, E1/T1 cable, E1 transfer cable, environment monitoring
signal cable, CPRI signal cable between the BBU and the RRU, and
BBU monitoring signal cable.

The cable connection relations of the BBU are as follows:

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BBU Cables

The cables figure of the BBU

E1 transfer cable

-48VDC power cables

CPRI optical cable

FE cable

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BBU Cables

The cables figure of the BBU

(1)RJ45
Connector

(2) Cord end


terminal

(3)OT
Connector

(4)Common
3PIN
Connector

Monitoring signal cable between the OFB and the BBU

(1)RJ45
Connector
Monitoring signal cable between the APM and the BBU

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(2) Cord end


terminal

Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components


Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure
Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure
Sector 4 RRU Work Mode Introduction

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RRU3004
The RRU3004 is an outdoor remote RF unit.
The functions of the RRU3004 are as follows:

The direct IQ modulation technique, which is directly implemented in the transmit


channel, modulates the baseband signals into GSM RF signals. After being filtered
and amplified, the RF signals are transmitted to the antenna for transmission,
through the duplexer in the RF front-end unit.

The uplink RF signals received from the antenna go through down-conversion,


amplification, analog-to-digital conversion, matched filtering, Automatic Gain
Control (AGC), and then are sent to ASIC and DSP for demodulation and
decoding.

Power regulation and Voltage Standing Wave Ration (VSWR) detection.

Frequency systemization and loopback test.

Generation and recovery of the clock circuitry at the CPRI interface, and the alarm
detection.

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Logical Structure of the RRU

RXM_OUT:RRU RX main output for RRU


cascading
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RXD_IN:RRU RX diversity input for RRU


cascading

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Components of the RRU3004

An RRU3004 consists of two RRU modules.

The RRU module has a modular structure. The external interfaces of the RRU
module are located at the bottom of the module and in the cabling cavity.

The weight of RRU3004 is 38Kg. The RRU3004 can be installed on a wall,


stand, metal pole, or tower.

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RRU Module

The RRU module has a bottom panel, a cabling cavity panel, and an
area attached with LEDs.

Provides - 48VDC power supply.

Bottom panel

Cabling cavity panel

LEDs

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RRU Module

Ports of the RRU Module


Item

Bottom panel

Cabling cavity
panel

Label

Description

RX_IN/OUT

Interconnection ports for RF signals

RET

RET antenna port

ANT_TX/RXA

RF TX/RX port A

ANT_TX/RXB

RF TX/RX port B

RTN+

Power wire post

NEGTX RX CPRI_E

Eastern optical port

TX RX CPRI_W

Western optical port

EXT_ALM

Alarm Port

RST

Hardware reset button

TST VSWR

Test button for VSWR alarms

TST CPRI

Test button for the CPRI port

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Connections of RRU Cables

The RRU3004 has the following cables: PGND cable, power cable,
AISG multi-wire cable, AISG extension cable, CPRI optical cable, RF
jumpers, Boolean input cable, and cables for cascaded RRUs.

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Connections of RRU Cables

The related cables figure of the RRU

RRU Power cable for cascaded RRU modules

RRU 48 V DC power cable

Signal cable between the electrical


ports on cascaded RRU modules

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CPRI optical cable

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Connections of RRU Cables

The related cables figure of the RRU

Boolean input cable

Cascaded RF jumper

AISG extension cable

AISG multi-wire cable

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Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components


Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure
Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure
Sector 4 RRU Work Mode Introduction

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The Antenna Configuration of the RRU

Single antenna

There is no receiving diversity or transmitting diversity.

Single antenna and double receivers

The RRU module has one TX/RX feeder and two way receiving diversities, one of
the receiver is from the another RRU module of the RRU3004.

Double antennas

The RRU module has two TX/RX feeders and two way receiving diversities.

Double antennas and four receivers

Each RRU can have two TX/RX feeders, and two RRUs are combined to support
four way receive diversity.

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RRU Power Mode

M900 RRU

Optional value: 30W,25W,15W,12W.

Default value: 15W, RRU supports transmit combining or independency here,


otherwise RRU supports transmit independency only.

M1800 RRU

Optional value :20W, 10W.

Default value: 10W, RRU supports transmit combining or independency here,


otherwise RRU supports transmit independency only.

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RRU Transmit Mode and Receive Mode

RRU transmit mode

Transmit combining or independency

PBT

Transmit diversity

RRU receive mode

Receive diversity

Four way receive diversity

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Combination Solution of Two RRUs

Two RRUs are combined to share receive and transmit channels so that
the configuration is more flexible. In the following figure, the cable
between CPRI_W and CPRI_E are used for the TRX baseband signal
interconnection, while RX_IN/OUT is only used for two way receiving
diversity between two RRUs.

CPRI-W

CPRI-W

ANTA
DUP
DUP

ANTB
RX-IN
RX_OUT

Interface
Processing unit

CPRI-E

Interface
Processing Unit

CPRI-E

ANTA
DUP
DUP

ANTB
RX-IN
RX_OUT

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RRU Transmit Mode-Transmit Combining


or Independency

In this mode, two TRXs of RRU are both work.

In this mode, the system will work on the transmit independency or transmit
combining mode automatically, according to the power mode and antenna
mode.

In transmit dependency mode, TRX0 occupies channel A while TRX1 occupies


channel B.

In transmit combining mode, the combining signal are transmitted through


channel A.

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RRU Transmit Mode-Transmit Combining


or Independency

Transmit independency

CPRI-W

Interface
Processing
Unit

CPRI-E

ANTA
DUP
ANTB
DUP

Transmit combining

CPRI-W

Interface
Processing Unit

CPRI-E

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ANTA
DUP

ANTB
DUP

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RRU Transmit Mode-PBT

In PBT mode, only the first TRX can work.

PBT mode can improve the transmitting power to 40W.

In PBT mode, downlink signal are transmitted through channel A.

CPRI-W

Interface
Processing Unit

CPRI-E

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ANTA
DUP

ANTB
DUP

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RRU Transmit Mode-Transmit Diversity

In this mode, only the first TRX can work.

Transmit diversity mode can improve signal the quality of downlink signal.

In this mode, the signal from the first TRX will be divided to two channels and
be transmitted through channel A and channel B.

CPRI-W

Interface
Processing Unit

CPRI-E

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ANTA
DUP

ANTB
DUP

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RRU Receive Mode-Main and Diversity

Receive diversity, RRU can work as double TRX mode.

Each TRX can receive the signal from two feeders.

In the following figure the TRX gets the receiving signal from channel A and
B of the single RRU.

It is also possible for TRX to use the channel A receiver of the other RRU in
two RRUs combining solution.

CPRI-W

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI-E

DUP

DUP

ANTA

ANTB

RX-IN
RX_OUT

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The second
receiving
diversity
signal may
come from
second
RRU

RRU Receive Mode-Four Way Receive


Diversity

In this mode, only the first TRX can work.

The working TRX gets the uplink signal from four feeders of two RRUs.

Only the antenna mode Double Antennas, Four Receivers can support Four
way receive diversity.

CPRI-E

Interface
Processing

The other
two
receiving
diversity
signal come
from second
RRU

ANTA

ANTB

CPRI-W

DUP

RX-IN
RX_OUT

Interface
Processing

CPRI-E

ANTA

ANTB

CPRI-W

DUP

RX-IN
RX_OUT

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Chapter 1 DBS3900 System Description


Chapter 2 DBS3900 Hardware Structure
Chapter 3 DBS3900 Network Topologies

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DBS3900 Network Topologies

Network Topologies of the BBU

The BSC and BBUs support multiple network topologies: star, chain, tree, and ring.

E1/T1 can be used to connect BBU and BSC, or interconnect transmission


equipment, optical fiber and FE cable can be used to connect BBU and Router.

Network Topologies of the RRU

The BBU and RRUs support two network topologies: star and chain.

RRU connect with BBU by optical fiber.

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Network Topologies of the BBU

The BSC and BBUs support multiple network topologies: star, chain,
tree, and ring.

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Network Topologies of the RRU

The BBU and RRUs support two network topologies: star and chain.

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Summary

DBS3900 function and features.

DBS3900 hardware structure, include BBU and RRU etc.

The work mode and typical configuration of the RRU.

Network Topologies of the BBU and RRU.

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Thank You
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