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ChE 152

Transport Processes

Differential balances.Course Description • Fundamentals of heat. Application to interphase transfer. mass and momentum transport. Molecular and turbulent transport system. equations of change. .

Prelim Coverage: Momentum Transfer Fundamentals • General Equation for Transfer Processes • Analogy of Momentum. Heat and Mass Transfer • Newton’s Law and Viscosity of Fluids • Types of Fluids • Time-Independent Fluids • Time-Dependent Fluids • Laminar and Turbulent Flow • Reynolds Experiments • Reynolds Number • Flow through Non-Circular Sections • Overall Balance around the System • • • • Overall Mass Balances Overall Energy Balances Overall Momentum Balances Momentum Transfer Operations/Applications .

Cylinders and Spheres • Flow through Solids in Series and Parallel • Convection Heat Transfer • Forced Convection Heat Transfer • Natural Convection Heat Transfer • Heat Exchangers • Radiation Heat Transfer • Nature of Radiation • Kirchhoff’s Law .Midterm Coverage: Heat Transfer Fundamentals • Modes of Heat Transfer • Conduction Heat Transfer and Fourier Law • Flow through Slabs.

Finals Coverage: Mass Transfer Fundamentals • Mass Diffusion and Fick’s Law • Equimolar Counter Diffusion • Unimolecular Counter Diffusion • Diffusion in Different Flow Geometries • Diffusivity • Self-Diffusivity • Mutual Diffusivity • Tracer Diffusivity • Diffusion of Gases • Prediction of Gas Diffusivities • Diffusion of Liquids • Prediction of Liquid Diffusivities • Diffusion in Biological Solutions. Gels and Solids .

60% Computational Laboratory Outputs .15% Attendance and Discipline .Grading System • • • • Major Examinations .5% Comprehensive Examination .20% .

4th Edition. W. • McCabe. al.N. • Perry. New York. • Geankoplis. 2007 • Bird. 2001. New York. 2nd Edition.E.. Smith. John Wiley and Sons. 1980.. New York..B. . D. R. New Jersey. E. New York. C. McGraw-Hill. and Green. W. Prentice Hall PTR. Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook. McGraw-Hill. R. and Harriott. 2nd Edition. A. 2003.References • Foust. 6th Edition. Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering. Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles. J. Principles of Unit Operations. Stewart. John Wiley and Sons. et. 8th Edition. and Lightfoot.. Transport Phenomena.

Introduction • The unit operations deal mainly with the transfer and change of energy and the transfer and change of materials primarily by physical means but also by physical-chemical means. .

Classification of Unit Operations • • • • • • • • • • • • Fluid flow Heat transfer Evaporation Drying Distillation Absorption Membrane separation Liquid-liquid extraction Adsorption Liquid-solid leaching Crystallization Mechanical-physical separations .

• Heat Transfer • Concerned with the transfer of heat or thermal energy from one place to another. . • Mass Transfer • Concerned with the mass being transferred from one phase to another distinct phase.Fundamentals of Transport Processes • Momentum Transfer • Concerned with the transfer of momentum which occurs in moving media.

heat or thermal energy.General molecular transport equation • All   three of the molecular transport processes of momentum. . and mass are characterized in the elementary sense by the same general type of transport equation.

General molecular transport equation •   • is the flux of the property as amount of property being transferred per unit time per unit crosssectional area perpendicular to the z-direction of flow in amount of property/s·m2 • is a proportionality constant called diffusivity in m2/s • is concentration of the property in amount of property/m3 • is the distance in the direction of flow in m. .

General molecular transport equation .

Example .

.General Property Balance for Unsteady State • In calculating the rates of transport in a system using the molecular transport equation. it is necessary to account for the amount of this property being transported in the entire system.