y Raw material consumes maximum amount of the

investment in a company. And highest amount of cost reduction can be done in this area only. Hence stores play a major role as far a company is concerned. And if this raw materials are not stored efficiently they will get deteriorate and there by causing big loss to the company.

Nature of Stores 
Store as building where inventories are kept.  Storage is the function of receiving, storing, and

issuing materials.  Stores ensures ready accessibility of major materials there-by efficient service to users.  Minimization of stores cost, and continuous supply is the prime function of stores.  Stores layout is a fundamental factor in determining the efficient performance of stores department. 

A satisfactory storage system compromises

between the use of space and the use of time. 
Random location means that items can be

stored in any storage position which is available. 
Keeping stock on one side of the aisle in which

case the layout is called comb type . 

manual is a written statement of policies, and procedures.

The major responsibilities of Stores are:

y y y y y y y y y y

Identification of all material stored. Receipt of incoming goods. Inspection of all receipts. Storage and preservation. Materials handling. Packing. Issue and dispatch. Maintenance of stock records. Stores accounting. Inventory control. Stock-taking.

The service rendered by Stores can be categorized into 4 broad divisions:
To make available a balance flow of raw materials, components, tools, equipments and any other materials necessary to meet operational requirements. y To provide maintenance materials, spare parts and general stores as required. y To receive and issue finished products. y To accept and store scrap and other discarded material as they arise.

Types of Stores:
Functional: depending on the use to which the material is put ±chemical, tools, raw materials stores, etc.  Physical: depending on its size and location ± central stores, sub-stores, sites stores, etc. 


Types of Functional Stores includes: 

Raw material store, Production Store, General Store, Tools Store,

Salvage Store, Packing Store, Spare parts Store, Receipt Store, Quarantine Store, Finished Goods Store, Work-in-progress Store, Stationary Store, Bonded Store, Refrigerated Store, Flammable Materials Store, Dehumidification Store, Transit Sheds, Dry tanks, Shed storage, Open Yard.
Types of Physical stores includes:


Central Store, Sub-store, Departmental Store, Group Store, Site

Store, Transit Store, And so on.

y A well-planned retail store layout allows a retailer

to maximize the sales for each square foot of the allocated selling space within the store. y Store layouts generally show the size and location of each department, any permanent structures, fixture locations and customer traffic patterns. y Each floor plan and store layout will depend on the type of products sold, the building location and how much the business can afford to put into the overall store design. y Below are a few basic store layouts

Straight Floor Plan

The straight floor plan is an excellent store layout for most any type of retail store. It makes use of the walls and fixtures to create small spaces within the retail store. The straight floor plan is one of the most economical store designs.

Diagonal Floor Plan

The diagonal floor plan is a good store layout for self-service types of retail stores. It offers excellent visibility for cashiers and customers. The diagonal floor plan invites movement and traffic flow to the retail store.

Angular Floor Plan The angular floor plan is best used for high-end specialty stores. The curves and angles of fixtures and walls makes for a more expensive store design. However, the soft angles create better traffic flow throughout the retail store.

Geometric Floor Plan

The geometric floor plan is a suitable store design for clothing and apparel shops. It uses racks and fixtures to create an interesting and out-of-the-ordinary type of store design without a high cost.

Mixed Floor Plan The mixed floor plan incorporates the straight, diagonal and angular floor plans to create the most functional store design. The layout moves traffic towards the walls and back of the store.

Free-Flow Layout

Free-Flow Layout is a type of store layout in which fixtures and merchandise are grouped into free-flowing patterns on the sales floor.

The Disney Store¶s Effective Use of the Free-Flow Design
y Approximately 250 million

consumers visit Disney¶s entertainment retail outlets each year. New store designs showcase merchandise in an engaging and contemporary fashion, keeping pace with evolving retail trends. Technological elements including a front-of-store media wall that engages guests with Disney programming, and interactive kiosks-setting the stage for the Disney Store in the 21st century.

Customer Convenience
y Place where customers will need them: y Front Ad Display y Oil Rack y Chemical Wall y The more customers can carry, the more they buy!

Visual Merchandising
‡ Visual Merchandising
Is the artistic display of merchandise and theatrical props used as scene-setting decoration in the store.


Visual Merchandising
‡ Suggestion positioning. Once
the customer has already purchased one item, it¶s easier to sell an additional item. Thus apparel retailers strategically place impulse buys like hair bows and costume jewelry by the cashier the same way supermarket checkouts display candy and magazines.


Visual Merchandising
‡ Color is king. Retailers
believe consumers are more apt to buy clothes that appear in full size and color assortments.


Visual Merchandising
LO 3

‡ Its all in the display.
When an item, such as a watch or a scarf, is displayed in a glass case, it implies luxury. An item in a glass case with a lot of space around it implies real luxury.


Visual Merchandising
‡ Lead them to temptation.
Department-store design incorporates a gauntlet of goodies to stimulate impulse buys. Cosmetics, a store¶s most profitable department, should always be at the main entrance to the store.

Visual Merchandising
‡ Here¶s sampling of the
techniques stores use to generate those sales: Get¶m coming and going. Escalators are a focal point of many stores. That makes them ideal locations for promotional signs and for impulse items like perfume.


y Thus it can be conclude that stores play a very

important role in any company. The success of the company to much far extend depends upon the full utilization of the raw materials and the level of efficiency and effectively they are handled with. And all the companies aim that the materials are handled efficiently and effectively. And the attempt is made to keep the inventory carrying cost to the minimum.

‡The Best Business Plan ‡The Best Processes ‡The Most Efficient Operation ‡The Best Pricing ‡The Most Inventory

‡Won¶t Guarantee Success!

All things being equal............

The Store With The Best People Wins!!