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What is HAAPS ?


Main Objective

HAAPS Architecture

Power Requirements

HAAPS Projects



 HAAPS are able to cover over 100 kms diameter .  The platforms may be aircrafts or airships(essentially balloons) and may be manned or un-manned with autonomous operation coupled with remote control from the ground. .depending on the minimum elevation angle accepted from user’s location.What is HAAPS ?  High Altitude Aeronautical Platform Stations (HAAPS) is the name of a technology for providing wireless narrowband and broadband telecommunication services as well as broadcasting services .  The HAAPS are operating at altitudes between 17 to 22 kms range in stratospheric layer of the atmosphere.

Why HAAPS ?  It combines most of the advantages of both satellite and terrestrial systems while avoiding many of the pitfalls. Satellites and Terrestrial gateways. .  Traffic can be linked and switched among multiple HAAPS.

..)  Ability to operate in a high frequency band on the radio spectrum. ..TV.either by supporting more users/cells without degrading performance or by providing greater bandwidth.Main Objective  Provision of the bandwidth that can support services like multimedia applications (telephony.  Provision of increased capacity for terrestrial telecommunication networks .High speeed internet etc.

HAAPS’ Architecture .

On Board Equipment .

Ground Installations .

Energy must be collected and stored at day to both power the aircraft and enable to fly throughout the night.Power Requirements  Solar powered aircraft must be capable of continuous flight. .  The main advantage of this method is that it eliminates the need to carry fuel and to extract and compress air at altitude.  The air craft power system consists of photovoltaic cells and a regenerative fuel cell.

medium and high data rate applications as GMSK. .  A very good approach is the use of adaptive coding and modulation based on channel condition schemes.5 GHz and uplink : 47.  Three modulation schemes were examined for low.16-QAM and rounded 64-QAM respectively.2 GHz).948.Transmission and Coding Techniques  WRC-97 had announced frequency bands for HAAPS in around 47 GHz(downlink : 47.2 -47.

Sky tower vi. 1.Airship Technology i. Sky station ii. Heliplat .Various HAAPS Projects HAAPS have been proposed using both airship and aircraft technology. Halo-proteus v. Stratospheric Platform system from Japan 2.Aircraft Technology iv. Sratsat iii.

.  Data rates for mobile services are 9.5 billion.  Data rates for fixed services are 2 Mbps for uplink and 10 Mbps for downlink.  Cost of the project for a worldwide infrastructure is estimated as $2.6 -16 Kbps for voice and 384 Kbps for data.Sky station  Sky station is the name of an airship system planned by the US company “Sky Station International”.

 This unit provides longitudinal thrust (to counter stratospheric winds) and the lateral force(for manoeuvring) to enable the airship to hold station within a 1km cube.  It is steered by by means of contra-Rotating Coned Rotor mounted on a tailcone at the rear of the envelope as part of a compound propulsion system.StratSat  Startsat is an airship system planned by the UK based company “Advanced Technology Group” for both civilian and military applications. .

Stratospheric Platform System from Japan  It is planned by the Wireless Innovation Systems Group of the Yokosuka Radio Communications Research Center in Japan . .

Halo-Proteus .

Sky Tower Heliplat .

Advantages  HAAPS don’t require any launch vehicle.  Provides a higher frequency reuse and thus higher capacity than satellite can immediately begin delivering service to its area without any global infrastructure. .  Once a platform is in position .  They are powered by solar technology and non-polluting fuel cells. updated and relaunched without service interruption.  Each platform can be retrieved .

 Safety.  Wind Factor.  Cost. .HAAPS Issues  Light weight.

consisting of W-LAN.Conclusion  HAPS will be deployed together with terrestrial and satellites elements to provide another degree of flexibility for system deployment that can be easily adjusted to the needs of the network operators and users’ traffic demands  HAPS will play a complementary role in future mobile system infrastructure e. and satellite mobile systems to ease the deployment and roll out of the 3G and beyond 3G services .g. cellular.