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Chapter 18

ATM
• Design Goal
• ATM Topology
• ATM Architecture
WCB/McGraw-Hill

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1998

Figure 18-1

Multiplexing with Different Packet Sizes

WCB/McGraw-Hill

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1998

Figure 18-2 Multiplexing with Cells WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies.. Inc. 1998 .

.Figure 18-3 Cell Switching Cell switching uses a connection-oriented packetswitched network. .. Inc. Cell switchinguses virtual circuit  rather than physical circuit.. WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1998 . therefore it is not necessary to  reserve network resources for a particular connection.

1998 . Inc. WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies..Figure 18-4 Virtual Path Identifier Every ATM cell has an 8- or 12bit Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) VPI. is used to identify the next  destination of a cell as it passes  through a series of ATM switches  on its way to its destination.

Figure 18-5 WCB/McGraw-Hill Switching Using VPI  The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. 1998 ..

 is used to identify  the next destination of a  cell as it passes through a  series of ATM switches  on its way to its  destination.Figure 18-6 VPI and VCI 16-bit Virtual Channel Identifier  (VCI) pair defined in its header. The VCI. Inc.. together with  the VPI. WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1998 .

1998 ..Figure 18-7 WCB/McGraw-Hill Switching Using VPI and VCI  The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.

WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. Most ATM links useUNI cell format.Figure 18-8 ATM Interfaces The UNI header is used for communication  between ATM endpoints and ATM switches in  private ATM networks. The NNI header is used for  communication between ATM switches ATM defines two different cell formats: UNI(UserNetwork Interface) and NNI (Network-Network Interface).. 1998 .

Inc..Figure 18-9 WCB/McGraw-Hill Public and Private UNIs  The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1998 .

1998 ..Figure 18-10 ATM Layers WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.

 The upper  sublayer of the PHYis called the  Transmission Convergence (TC)  sublayer.The ATM Physical Layer (PHY) is  divided into two  sublayers. which is primarily  responsible for common Physical Layerfunctions . PHYcorresponds to the  OSI Physical Layer.

The ATM layer has no sublayers Physical The Physical layer represents the physical medium and regulates Physical layer functions such as voltages and bit timing. ATM The ATM layer regulates cells and cell transport and establishes and releases Virtual Circuits. transmitted individually. Packets are segmented by the ATM interface. and then reassembled on the receiving end. The ATM Adaptation Layer includes the Segmentation and Reassembly and Convergence sublayers.Layer Function ATM Adaptation The ATM Adaptation layer facilitates the use of packets larger than a cell. The Physical layer consists of the Transmission Convergence and the Physical Medium Dependent sublayers .

Inc. 1998 ..Figure 18-11 AAL Types WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Inc. 1998 .Figure 18-12 AAL1 WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies..

.Figure 18-13 AAL2 WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1998 . Inc.

Figure 18-14 WCB/McGraw-Hill AAL3/4  The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. 1998 ..

Inc.Figure 18-15 AAL5 WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1998 ..

. 1998 . Inc.Figure 18-16 ATM Layer WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Inc.Figure 18-17 WCB/McGraw-Hill ATM Headers  The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1998 ..

  . The GFC field was designed to give the User-Network Interface (UNI) 4 bits in which to negotiate multiplexing and flow control among the cells of various ATM connections.Generic Flow Control The Generic Flow Control (GFC) field is a 4-bit field that was originally added to support the connection of ATM networks to shared access networks such as a Distributed Queue Dual Bus (DQDB) ring.

Figure 18-18 WCB/McGraw-Hill PT Fields  The McGraw-Hill Companies.. Inc. 1998 .

. 1998 . Inc.Figure 18-19 VP Switching WCB/McGraw-Hill  The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Inc.Figure 18-20 WCB/McGraw-Hill VPC Switching  The McGraw-Hill Companies.. 1998 .